Agglomeration community of Caen la Mer

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Caen la Mer
Country France
Region Basse-Normandie
Department Calvados
Established 1990
Seat Caen
Government
 • President Joël Bruneau (LR)
Area
 • Total 222.28 km2 (85.82 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 236,167
Website http://www.caenlamer.fr

The communauté d'agglomération Caen la Mer is a French communauté d'agglomération, located in the Calvados département, in the Lower Normandy région of north-western France.

History

The agglomeration had its origins in the creation in 1990 of a District of Greater Caen (DGC) which consisted of 18 communes.

Since then the grouping transformed itself in 2002 into an Agglomeration called the Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Caen. Since 2004 it has been called the communauté d'agglomération Caen la mer.

The community welcomed ten more member communes on 1 January 2003 and Sannerville on 1 January 2004.

From 1 January 2013, a further six communes were accepted into the agglomeration: three communes from the former Communauté de communes des Rives de l'Odonn (which consisted of Tourville-sur-Odon, Verson, and Mouen) and Colleville-Montgomery, Ouistreham, and Saint-André-sur-Orne.[1] This regrouping created an agglomeration of 236,167 inhabitants.[2]

The agglomeration staff numbered 650 workers in 2009, with an annual budget of €245 million, of which €95.9 million were investments.

Presidents of Caen la Mer

Member Communes

As of 2013 the agglomeration included 35 communes.

The Commune members send a total of 139 delegates to the communitary council[3]

Name Urban?[4][5] Entry Date No. of Delegates[3]
Authie No 1990 2
Bénouville No 2003 2
Biéville-Beuville No 2003 2
Blainville-sur-Orne No 2003 3
Bretteville-sur-Odon Yes 1990 3
Caen Yes 1990 51
Cambes-en-Plaine No 1990 2
Carpiquet Yes 1990 2
Colleville-Montgomery No 2013 2
Colombelles Yes 1990 3
Cormelles-le-Royal Yes 1990 3
Cuverville Yes 1990 2
Démouville Yes 1990 2
Épron Yes 1990 2
Éterville Yes 2003 2
Fleury-sur-Orne Yes 1990 3
Giberville Yes 1990 3
Hermanville-sur-Mer No 2003 2
Hérouville-Saint-Clair Yes 1990 8
Ifs Yes 1990 5
Lion-sur-Mer No 2003 2
Louvigny No 1990 2
Mathieu No 2003 2
Mondeville Yes 1990 4
Mouen Yes 2013 2
Ouistreham No 2013 4
Périers-sur-le-Dan No 2003 2
Saint-André-sur-Orne No 2013 2
Saint-Aubin-d'Arquenay No 2003 2
Saint-Contest No 1990 2
Saint-Germain-la-Blanche-Herbe Yes 1990 2
Sannerville No 2004 2
Tourville-sur-Odon Yes 2013 2
Verson Yes 2013 3
Villons-les-Buissons No 2003 2

Skills

File:Caen hoteldaumesnil coquille fenetre.jpg
21 place de la République in Caen, the seat of Caen la mer

In accordance with the provisions of the Chevènement Act of 12 July 1999, the responsibilities delegated by the member municipalities of Caen La Mer are divided into three groups:

  • Required skills
  • Facilitative skills and
  • Optional skills

These were determined by the decision of the Community Council of 21 January 2005.

The communauté d'agglomération collects only one tax: a business tax (TP) of 16.06% per annum of the rental value of buildings.

Required Skills

Economic Development

  • The creation, development, maintenance and management of areas of industrial, commercial, services, handicrafts, tourism, ports, and airport activities (e.g. Port of Caen, Caen – Carpiquet Airport) in the interests of the community
  • Economic development activities recognized as of community interest with the SEM Normandy development and the agency Synergia.

Development of Community spaces

  • Planning Territorial Coherence and master plan
  • Design and production of ZAC recognized developments in the community interest
  • Organisation of Urban Transport. In this context, the community is associated with the General Council of Calvados in a joint union called Viacités, the transport organizing authority of the agglomeration, to whom it delegates its public transport network - the bus and tram network Twisto.

Social balance of housing

  • the Local Habitat Program (PLH), signed in 2003, for the annual construction of 1,400 housing units, including 400 for social security, until 2010
  • Housing policy in the community interest
  • Actions and financial aid for social housing recognized as being in the community interest
  • Reserve land for the implementation of the EU's social policy for a balanced habitat
  • Actions, by operations of community interest, for housing for the poor
  • Improvement of the housing stock of the community

City Policy

Contractual arrangements for urban development, local development and the economic and social integration of community interests (e.g. the City Contract and Urban Contract for social cohesion, the Grand City project and ANRU convention, and the local integration program for the economy (PLIE)

  • Local measures in the community interest to prevent delinquency
  • Counselling to prevent delinquency and local security measures.

Optional Skills

Roads

  • Creation or development and maintenance of roads recognized to be in the community interest
  • Creation or development and management of parking areas recognized to be in the community interest.

Sanitation

The community has all the skills of the member communes to monitor, collect and treat wastewater through two stations.

  • Protection and enhancement of the environment:
Fight against air pollution
Fight against nuisance noise
Collect and eliminate or use waste from households and other waste through the management of five civic recycling centres.

Facilitative Skills

  • Security and control of fire:
Participation in the Fire and Rescue service (SDIS)
  • Secretariat of the security committee of the town
  • Actions for higher education:
Actions and research on public and private higher education in the community interest.
  • Telecommunications network:

Creation of a telecommunications network available for all

  • Fight against floods
  • Welcoming of vagrants
  • Planning and Land Management.
  • Culture and Sports: construction, development, maintenance and management of cultural and sports facilities recognized to be in the community interest
the swimming pools at the Aquatic Stadia in the Grace of God, the Chemin-Vert, and the Montmorency districts, and the ice-skating rink.
  • Libraries: at Caen, Hérouville, and Ifs;
  • Theatres: Champ Exquisite at Blainville and Jean-Vilar at Ifs;
  • Cinemas: Le Lux and Le Café des images
  • Conservatory and the musical season of the Caen Orchestra
  • School of Fine Arts and Media of Caen
  • Management of Union House
  • Suburban parks and rural areas:
development and management of suburban parks in the agglomeration
development of rural areas within the jurisdiction of the communes
  • Littoral
maintenance and management of angle parking areas and municipal government levees.
find means to supervise and monitor places of swimming and water activities, subject to the exercise of police powers by the mayors
monitoring and maintenance of beaches subject to the exercise of police powers by the mayors
  • Development and promotional activities in the community interest such as:
Provision to the member communes of means to take Community action (especially in the context of Article L5211-56 of the General Code for Local Authorities)

Demography

The population of the metropolitan area has experienced the same trend as in similar cities in France: the central city saw its population stagnate or decline, while suburban areas experienced strong growth. The total population has decreased from 201,369 in 1990 to 223,106 in 2006.

Demographic trends (Source: INSEE)

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 2010
145,328 187,214 192,559 196,856 201,369 218,658 223,106 215,528 241,741

From 1962 to 1999 there was no double counting of people who stayed in multiple communes.

Sources: Local INSEE 1968 INSEE

See also

Caen Guided Light Transit

References

  1. Creation of the new agglomeration community of Caen la Mer 12 June 2012
  2. Without double counting, from the municipal population of France 2010 (legal population in 2013).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ouest-France, Caen Edition, 30 November 2012 (French)
  4. Communal composition of the Caen agglomération
  5. Baron-sur-Odon, Fontaine-Étoupefour, Mondrainville and Rots are the only communes in the conurbation of Caen who are not part of the agglomération.

External links