Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame
The CWHF had its beginnings in 1993 when a group of volunteers partnered with Hartford College for Women to establish an organization to honor distinguished contributions by female role models associated with Connecticut. The first list of inductees contained forty-one women notable to Connecticut's history and culture, many of whom broke down barriers by becoming the first women to establish themselves in fields that had been previously denied to their gender. Alice Paul, who had a role in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and later wrote the first version of the proposed Equal Rights Amendment, was on the 1994 list of women. Also on that first list were actress Katharine Hepburn and her mother Katharine Martha Houghton Hepburn, who was a pioneer in women's rights and planned parenthood issues. Three of the Beecher clan are on that first list, Hartford Female Seminary founder Catharine Beecher, founder of the Connecticut Women's Suffrage Association Isabella Beecher Hooker and abolitionist author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Governor Ella T. Grasso was honored in 1994, as was Estelle Griswold, whose landmark Griswold v. Connecticut before the United States Supreme Court resulted in Connecticut's anti-birth control statute being declared unconstitutional.
In the ensuing two decades, the list has more than doubled. Artist Laura Wheeler Waring, who found fame by creating portraits of prominent African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance, was added in 1997. Abstract artist Helen Frankenthaler became part of the list in 2005. African American opera divas are on the list, Marian Anderson in 1994 and Rosa Ponselle in 1998. Ambassador, politician and playwright Clare Boothe Luce's 1994 appearance on the list was later joined by 19th century free black woman journalist Maria W. Stewart in 2001 and by war correspondent and human rights activist Jane Hamilton-Merritt in 1999. In 2008, the list gained Nobel Prize in Medicine winner, geneticist Barbara McClintock. The Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction winner Annie Dillard was added to the list in 1997.
The CWHF provides educational resources through two traveling exhibits, the Inductee Portrait Exhibit, and its We Fight For Roses, Too, a set of twenty-two standing panels displaying the stories of the inductees. The CWHF also provides speakers upon request.
|Name||Image||Birth–Death||Year||Area of achievement||Ref(s)|
|Akeley, Mary JobeMary Jobe Akeley||(1886–1966)||1994||Explorer|||
|Albers, AnniAnni Albers||(1899–1994)||1994||Textile artist|||
|Anderson, MarianMarian Anderson||(1897–1993)||1994||Opera singer who broke ground for African Americans|||
|Auerbach, Beatrice FoxBeatrice Fox Auerbach||(1887–1968)||1994||Philanthropist, president and director of G. Fox & Co., from 1938 to 1959 she made her store available to Connecticut College for Women as a training program for retail education.|||
|Baker, Emma FieldingEmma Fielding Baker||(1828–1916)||1994||Mohegan medicine woman, tribal historian and documentarian|||
|Barringer, Emily DunningEmily Dunning Barringer||100px||(1876–1961)||2000||First female ambulance surgeon and first woman medical resident at New York City's Gouverneur Hospital|||
|Batchelder, Evelyn LongmanEvelyn Longman Batchelder||(1874–1954)||1994||Sculptor|||
|Baughns-Wallace, AdrianneAdrianne Baughns-Wallace||(1944)||2000||News anchor|||
|Beecher, CatharineCatharine Beecher||(1800–1878)||1994||Proponent of education for women, founded Hartford Female Seminary|||
|Bourke-White, MargaretMargaret Bourke-White||(1904–1971)||2015||American photographer and documentary photographer|||
|Cobb, Jewel PlummerJewel Plummer Cobb||(b. 1924)||2008||Educator, cancer researcher|||
|Cohen, JodyJody Cohen||(b. 1954)||1994||Rabbi|||
|Colt, Elizabeth Hart JarvisElizabeth Hart Jarvis Colt||(1826–1905)||1997||Widow of Samuel Colt, donated her entire art and firearms collection to Wadsworth Atheneum Museum, and provided funding to erect a Colt Memorial wing of the museum|||
|Coolidge, MarthaMartha Coolidge||(b. 1946)||2005||First female president (2002) Directors Guild of America|||
|Crandall, PrudencePrudence Crandall||(1803–1890)||1994||Abolitionist who accepted black students into her female academy in Canterbury, Connecticut|||
|Day, Katharine SeymourKatharine Seymour Day||(1870–1964)||1994||Preservationist who rescued historic homes|||
|DeLauro, RosaRosa DeLauro||(b. 1943)||2013||U.S. Representative for Connecticut's 3rd District|||
|Dillard, AnnieAnnie Dillard||(b. 1945)||1997||Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction, Pilgrim at Tinker Creek|||
|Farrand, BeatrixBeatrix Farrand||(1872–1959)||2014||Landscape architect|||
|Feeney, Helen M.Helen M. Feeney||(1919–2004)||1995||Roman Catholic Chancellor of the Archdiocese|||
|Fielding, Fidelia HoscottFidelia Hoscott Fielding||(1827–1908)||1994||Last native speaker of the Mohegan Pequot language|||
|Frankenthaler, Helen M.Helen M. Frankenthaler||(1928–2011)||2005||Abstract expressionist artist|||
|Franklin, BarbaraBarbara Franklin||(b. 1940)||2013||President and CEO of Barbara Franklin Enterprises, 29th U.S. Secretary of Commerce|||
|Franklin, Martha MinervaMartha Minerva Franklin||(1870–1968)||2009||Role model for black nurses|||
|Gaines, Edythe J.Edythe J. Gaines||(1922–2006)||1996||Superintendent of schools (first female and first African American) Hartford, director Hartford National Corp.|||
|Garrels, AnneAnne Garrels||(b. 1951)||2012||Foreign correspondent for National Public Radio|||
|Gilman, Charlotte PerkinsCharlotte Perkins Gilman||(1860–1935)||1994||Sociologist and author|||
|Goldman-Rakic, PatriciaPatricia Goldman-Rakic||(1937–2003)||2008||Yale University School of Medicine, pioneer in working memory research|||
|Goodwin, DorothyDorothy Goodwin||(1914–2007)||1994||Five-term Democratic state representative|||
|Grasso, Ella TambussiElla Tambussi Grasso||(1919–1981)||1994||Governor of Connecticut|||
|Griswold, EstelleEstelle Griswold||(1900–1981)||1994||Griswold v. Connecticut, United States Supreme Court ruled that Connecticut's anti-birth control statute was unconstitutional|||
|Griswold, FlorenceFlorence Griswold||(1850–1937)||2002||Patron of American Impressionism art, Florence Griswold Museum, the Old Lyme Art Colony was headquartered in her home|||
|Hall, MaryMary Hall||100px||(1843–1927)||1994||After passing the Connecticut Superior Court exam, won an 1882 ruling from Chief Justice John Park of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors that women were entitle to equal protection under Connecticut statutes and entitled to practice law in the state.|||
|Hamill, DorothyDorothy Hamill||(b. 1956)||2007||Olympic gold medalist skater|||
|Hamilton, AliceAlice Hamilton||(1869–1970)||1994||First woman appointed to the faculty of Harvard University|||
|Hamilton-Merritt, JaneJane Hamilton-Merritt||(b. 1947)||1999||Photo journalist, war correspondent, human rights advocate, nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize|||
|Hepburn, KatharineKatharine Hepburn||(1907–2003)||1994||Actress|||
|Hepburn, Katharine Martha HoughtonKatharine Martha Houghton Hepburn||(1878–1951)||1994||Women's rights and Planned Parenthood|||
|Hewins, Caroline MariaCaroline Maria Hewins||(1846–1926)||1995||Children's library services|||
|Hillyer, Dotha BushnellDotha Bushnell Hillyer||(1843–1932)||2003||Built Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts as a memorial to her father|||
|Hoffleit, DorritDorrit Hoffleit||(1907–2007)||1998||Astronomer who discovered more than 1,000 variable stars, author, Bright Star Catalogue, The General Catalogue of Trigonometric Stellar Parallaxes|||
|Hooker, Isabella BeecherIsabella Beecher Hooker||(1822–1907)||1994||Founder of the Connecticut Women's Suffrage Association|||
|Jenson, Mary GoodrichMary Goodrich Jenson||(1907–2004)||2000||Aviation pioneer, newspaper reporter|||
|Jones, Emeline RobertsEmeline Roberts Jones||(1836–1916)||1994||Dentist, considered by some to be the first woman dentist in America|||
|Joyce, JoanJoan Joyce||(b. 1940)||2007||Multi-sports athlete|||
|Keller, HelenHelen Keller||(1880–1968)||2006||Educator, author|||
|Kelley, Isabelle M.Isabelle M. Kelley||(1917–1997)||2011||Director Food Stamp Program and principal author of the program|||
|Kennelly, BarbaraBarbara Kennelly||(b. 1936)||1994||United States House of Representatives|||
|Kraus, EileenEileen Kraus||(b. 1938)||2002||Business executive|||
|L'Engle, MadeleineMadeleine L'Engle||(1918–2007)||1996||Newbery Award for children's literature|||
|Langer, SusanneSusanne Langer||(1895–1985)||1996||Educator, philosopher|||
|Lawton, JenniferJennifer Lawton||2014||3D printing pioneer|||
|Leibovitz, AnnieAnnie Leibovitz||(b. 1949)||2012||Portrait photographer|||
|Lopiano, DonnaDonna Lopiano||(b. 1946)||1995||Athlete, gender equality in sports advocate|||
|Lorimer, LindaLinda Lorimer||2013||Vice President of Yale University|||
|Luce, Clare BootheClare Boothe Luce||(1903–1987)||1994||United States Ambassador to Brazil, United States Ambassador to Italy, United States House of Representatives, Presidential Medal of Freedom, playwright, novelist|||
|Mazure, Carolyn M.Carolyn M. Mazure||(b. 1949)||2009||Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology, and Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs at Yale School of Medicine; created Women's Health Research at Yale|||
|McClintock, BarbaraBarbara McClintock||100px||(1902–1992)||2008||Geneticist and first woman who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine unshared|||
|McLean, Clarice "Dollie"Clarice "Dollie" McLean||(b. 1936)||2003||Founder of The Artists Collective, a training center for the performing arts|||
|Middleton, FaithFaith Middleton||(b. 1948)||2012||Connecticut public radio talk show host|||
|Miles, CarolynCarolyn Miles||2015||CEO and president of Save the Children|||
|Milton, Rachel TaylorRachel Taylor Milton||(1901–1995)||1994||Co-founder of the Urban League of Greater Harford|||
|Motley, Constance BakerConstance Baker Motley||(1921–2005)||1998||African American civil rights activist, lawyer, judge, New York State Senator|||
|Mulcahy, Anne M.Anne M. Mulcahy||(b. 1952)||2010||Former CEO of Xerox Corporation|||
|Nappier, Denise LynnDenise Lynn Nappier||(b. 1951)||2011||First woman elected State Treasurer in Connecticut history, first African American woman elected State Treasurer in the nation, and first African American woman elected to statewide office in Connecticut|||
|Nooyi, IndraIndra Nooyi||(b. 1955)||2015||CEO of PepsiCo|||
|Nyro, LauraLaura Nyro||(1947–1997)||2001||Singer, songwriter|||
|Parsons, MarthaMartha Parsons||(1869–1965)||2010||Executive secretary of Landers, Frary and Clark Co.|||
|Paul, AliceAlice Paul||(1885–1977)||1994||Suffragist, founder National Woman's Party|||
|Peters, Ellen AshEllen Ash Peters||(b. 1930)||1994||First woman Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court|||
|Petry, AnnAnn Petry||(1908–1997)||1994||Author|||
|Ponselle, RosaRosa Ponselle||(1897–1981)||1998||Opera singer, honored on a U.S. postage stamp|||
|Porter, SarahSarah Porter||(1813–1900)||1994||Founder Miss Porter's School, private college prep school for girls|||
|Riddle, Theodate PopeTheodate Pope Riddle||(1867–1946)||1994||Architect|||
|Roraback, CatherineCatherine Roraback||(1920–2007)||2001||Civil liberties attorney|||
|Rosario, Edna NegronEdna Negron Rosario||(b. 1955)||1994||Educator|||
|Rose, MargoMargo Rose||(1903–1997)||1997||American Puppet Theater|||
|Rudkin, Margaret FogartyMargaret Fogarty Rudkin||(1898–1967)||1994||Founder of Pepperidge Farm|||
|Russell, RosalindRosalind Russell||(1906–1976)||2005||Actress|||
|Saint James, SusanSusan Saint James||(b. 1946)||1994||Actress, philanthropist|||
|Salzman, MarianMarian Salzman||2014||Public relations person|||
|Sanchez, Maria C.Maria C. Sanchez||(1926–1989)||1995||First Hispanic woman elected to the Connecticut General Assembly|||
|Seymour, Mary TownsendMary Townsend Seymour||(1873–1957)||2006||First African American woman to run for state office|||
|Sigourney, Lydia HuntleyLydia Huntley Sigourney||100px||(1791–1865)||1994||Poet|||
|Smith, Virginia ThrallVirginia Thrall Smith||(1836–1903)||1994||Women's and children's rights advocate|||
|Smiths of Glastonbury, TheThe Smiths of Glastonbury||1994||Sisters Hannah, Hancy, Cynrinthia, Laurilla, Julia and Abby. Family of early suffragists. Their home Kimberly Mansion is listed on the NRHP for Glastonbury.|||
|Smits, Helen L.Helen L. Smits||(b. 1937)||2009||Advocate for quality healthcare|||
|Stanback, AnneAnne Stanback||(b. 1958)||2006||Founder of Love Makes a Family, advocate LGBT community|||
|Standish, Hilda CrosbyHilda Crosby Standish||(1902–2005)||1994||Connecticut's first birth control clinic|||
|Steitz, JoanJoan Steitz||(b. 1941)||2008||Yale University professor of Molecular Biology and Biochemestry|||
|Stewart, Maria MillerMaria Miller Stewart||(1803–1879)||2001||Free black woman journalist, abolitionist, women's rights advocate|||
|Stowe, Harriet BeecherHarriet Beecher Stowe||100px||(1811–1896)||1994||Abolitionist, author|||
|Tantaquidgeon, GladysGladys Tantaquidgeon||(1899–2005)||1994||Mohegan anthropologist, author, council member, and elder|||
|Tianti, BettyBetty Tianti||(1929–1994)||1994||First female president of a state AFL-CIO|||
|Troup, Augusta LewisAugusta Lewis Troup||2013||Union organizer, journalist and promoter of the suffrage movement|||
|Tucker, SophieSophie Tucker||(1884–1966)||1999||Vaudeville singer and actress|||
|Uccello, AntoninaAntonina Uccello||(b. 1922)||1999||Elected mayor of Hartford in 1967, first female mayor in both the city and the state|||
|Vare, Glenna CollettGlenna Collett Vare||100px||(1903–1989)||2007||Champion golfer|||
|Vernon, LillianLillian Vernon||(1927–2015)||1998||Founded the Lillian Vernon Company|||
|Wald, FlorenceFlorence Wald||(1916–2008)||1999||Pioneered hospice care, National Women's Hall of Fame, Dean of Yale School of Nursing, American Academy of Nursing's Living Legend Award|||
|Wald, Patricia M.Patricia M. Wald||(b. 1928)||2011||Jurist, Chair of the Open Society Institute's Criminal Justice Initiative, Assistant Attorney General for Legislative Affairs for the U.S. Department of Justice, first woman to sit on the U.S. Federal Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, subsequently serving as its Chief Judge|||
|Waring, Laura WheelerLaura Wheeler Waring||(1887–1948)||1997||Educator and artist who created portraits of prominent African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance|||
|Watson, Hannah BunceHannah Bunce Watson||(1750–1807)||1994||Newspaper publisher whose printed output supported the American Revolutionary War|||
|Wilderotter, MaggieMaggie Wilderotter||(b. 1955)||2010||Chairman and CEO of Frontier Communications|||
|Winter, Miriam ThereseMiriam Therese Winter||(b. 1938)||2002||Roman Catholic nun, music composer, author|||
|Woodhouse, Chase GoingChase Going Woodhouse||(1890–1984)||1994||First female Connecticut Secretary of State, United States House of Representatives|||
|Wright, Mabel OsgoodMabel Osgood Wright||(1859–1935)||1998||Founder and first president of Connecticut Audubon Society; established first bird sanctuary in U.S. in Fairfield, CT|||
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