Crofthead railway station

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Crofthead
Fauldhouse and Crofthead[1]
Location
Place Fauldhouse
Area West Lothian
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Grid reference NS 933 604
Operations
Original company Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway
Pre-grouping Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
Platforms 1
History
2 June 1845[2] Opened
April 1848[2] Closed to passengers
May 1850[2] Re-opened
December 1852[2] Closed to passengers
1 October 1864[2] Re-opened
1 October 1906[1] Renamed Fauldhouse and Crofthead
1 May 1930 Closed to passengers[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
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Crofthead railway station[2] or Fauldhouse and Crofthead[2] was a station on the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway (WM&CR) that served the area of Crofthead and its miners rows, Greenburn and Gowanbrae near Fauldhouse in West Lothian.[3] The station was located 7 miles 40 chains[4] east of Morningside railway station.

The company at first adopted the standard track gauge for mineral lines of 4 ft 6 in, often referred to as Scotch gauge. The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway took over the WM&CR in 1849, the track gauge already having been changed in August 1847, from the now almost obsolete 4 ft 6 in to the generally accepted standard gauge of 4 ft 8½ in.[5]

Crofthead station had at first just a single short platform and this is clearly indicated on the OS map of 1854,[6] It was accessed off Bridge Street near the hamlet of Drybridge, close to Fauldhouse.[7][3] In 1895 the station site is shown with several buildings, sidings and loading docks in addition to a single platform.[8]

The Caledonian Railway (CR) established a goods and mineral depot nearby and Fauldhouse station is also located in the vicinity of the old Fauldhouse and Crofthead station.[9] A number of mineral lines ran from near the station to collieries in the area, Polkemmet Moor, Cult, Rigghouse, etc.[10]

The station is also recorded by the North British Railway (NBR) study group as opening on 02/06/1845 and closing under the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) as Fauldhouse and Crofthead on 1 May 1930.[11]

Services

The Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway in 1845.

The line was worked by steam although the early intention may have been to work the line as a horse drawn waggonway with independent hauliers.[4]

Sporadic passenger services had started from 1845 and a road coach ran between Edinburgh to the original terminus at Longridge from 16 May 1846, passengers disembarking travelling on by train to Townhead. In 1847 two hours was the railway section of the journey, calling at all the stations on the Wilsontown line.[12]

The Caledonian Railway opened its line from Carlisle to Garriongill Junction in 1848 and its trains then ran through to Glasgow over the WM&CR. The demands on the line's capacity may led to the WM&CR passenger service being terminated at this time before being reinstated for a short time a few years later.[13][14]

The passenger service on the line re-started On 1 October 1864 between Morningside and Bathgate on the 1850 extension, with intermediate stations now only at Blackhall, Crofthead, Bents and Whitburn.[2] The passenger service was sparse with in 1895 only two trains a day from Bathgate and three making the journey west, with one extra service on Saturdays.[15]

Station site and infrastructure

The WMCR stations originally had no waiting rooms or shelters.[4] It was accessed off Bridge Street near the hamlet of Drybridge, close to Fauldhouse.[7][3] In 1895 the station site is shown with several buildings, sidings and loading docks in addition to a single platform.[8]


Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Headless Cross
Towards Wilsontown
  Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness
Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness line
  Longridge
Towards Bathgate

References

Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Butt (1995), p. 95.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Butt (1995), p. 71.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Linlithgowshire, Sheet 12 (includes: Livingston; West Calder; Whitburn). Survey date: 1854-5. Publication date: 1856
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Report dated 11 June 1845 in Parliamentary Papers Railway Department, Session: 22 January – 28 August 1846
  5. Knox, Harry (2010). The Story of Bathgate's Railways - 1849 to 2010, Bathgate Historic Conservation Society]
  6. Linlithgow Sheet XI.12 (with inset XI.11) (Whitburn). Survey date: 1854. Publication date: 1856.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Linlithgowshire, Sheet 11 (includes: Cambusnethan; Shotts; Whitburn). Survey date: 1854-5. Publication date: 1856
  8. 8.0 8.1 Linlithgowshire 011.11 & 12 (includes: Cambusnethan; Shotts; Whitburn). Publication date: 1898. Revised: ca. 1895.
  9. Linlithgowshire Sheet XI.SE (includes: Cambusnethan; Shotts; Whitburn). Publication date: 1899. Date revised: 1895.
  10. Sheet 73 - Falkirk & Motherwell. Publication date: 1926.
  11. North British Railway. List of Stations with opening and closing dates from 1828 to 2003.
  12. Thomas, John (1984) revised J S Paterson, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 6, Scotland, the Lowlands and the Borders, Newton Abbott : David and Charles. ISBN 0-946537-12-7.
  13. Cobb, M.H. (2003). The Railways of Great Britain -- A Historical Atlas. Shepperton : Ian Allan Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7110-3003-0.
  14. Butt (1995), p. 149.
  15. Bradshaw's General Steam Navigation and Railway Guide, 12th mo, (December) 1895, reprinted by Middleton Press, Midhurst, 2011, ISBN 978-1-908174-11-6
Sources
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Cobb, M.H. (2003). The Railways of Great Britain -- A Historical Atlas. Shepperton : Ian Allan Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7110-3003-0.
  • Thomas, John (1984) revised J S Paterson, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 6, Scotland, the Lowlands and the Borders, Newton Abbott : David and Charles. ISBN 0-946537-12-7.

External links