Cumberland County, Kentucky

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Cumberland County, Kentucky
Cumberland County Kentucky courthouse.jpg
Cumberland County courthouse in Burkesville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for Cumberland River
Seat Burkesville
Largest city Burkesville
Area
 • Total 311 sq mi (805 km2)
 • Land 305 sq mi (790 km2)
 • Water 5.7 sq mi (15 km2), 1.8%
Population
 • (2010) 6,856
 • Density 22/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.cumberlandcounty.com

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,856.[1] Its county seat is Burkesville.[2] The county was formed in 1798 and named for the Cumberland River, which in turn may have been named after the Duke of Cumberland[3] or the English county of Cumberland.[4]

Cumberland County is a dry county, which means that the sale of alcohol is prohibited.

History

Cumberland County was created in 1798 from land given by Green County.[5] In 1829, the first oil well in the United States was dug three miles north of Burkesville. However, it is usually not recognized as such because the drillers were looking for salt brine.

It was the first county in the United States to elect a female sheriff, Pearl Carter Pace.

Burkesville is the first city downstream from Wolf Creek Dam. There has been much recent concern about the dam's stability.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 311 square miles (810 km2), of which 305 square miles (790 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (1.8%) is water.[6] Major waterways include the Cumberland River and a small branch of Dale Hollow Lake which covers the southern end of the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,284
1810 6,191 88.5%
1820 8,058 30.2%
1830 8,624 7.0%
1840 6,090 −29.4%
1850 7,005 15.0%
1860 7,340 4.8%
1870 7,690 4.8%
1880 8,894 15.7%
1890 8,452 −5.0%
1900 8,962 6.0%
1910 9,846 9.9%
1920 10,648 8.1%
1930 10,204 −4.2%
1940 11,923 16.8%
1950 9,309 −21.9%
1960 7,835 −15.8%
1970 6,850 −12.6%
1980 7,289 6.4%
1990 6,784 −6.9%
2000 7,147 5.4%
2010 6,856 −4.1%
Est. 2014 6,745 [7] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 7,147 people, 2,976 households, and 2,038 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 per square mile (8.9/km2). There were 3,567 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.28% White, 3.41% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,976 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,572, and the median income for a family was $28,701. Males had a median income of $21,313 versus $16,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,643. About 16.40% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.30% of those under age 18 and 33.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

As of 2012, Cumberland County has the fewest number of registered Democrats, 844, out of all of Kentucky's counties.[13]

Communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. VOTER REGISTRATION STATISTICS REPORT; Kentucky Secretary of State
  14. "Montana Governor Edwin Lee Norris". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 10, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Applegate, Kris; Miller, Jarenda (2009). Around Lake Cumberland. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7385-6819-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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