Czech Braille

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Czech Braille
Slovak Braille
Tabulka breillova písma.jpg
Type
alphabet
Languages Czech
Parent systems
Braille
  • Czechoslovak Braille
    • Czech Braille
Print basis
Czech alphabet

Czech Braille is the braille alphabet of the Czech language. Like braille in other Latin-script languages, Czech Braille assigns the 25 basic Latin letters (not including "W") the same as Louis Braille's original assignments for French.

Czech Braille chart

With the exception of w, Czech follows international norms for the basic letters of the alphabet.

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a, 1
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)
á
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
b, 2
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c, 3
⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)
č
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d, 4
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ď
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e, 5
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
é
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
ě
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
f, 6
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
g, 7
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
h, 8
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i, 9
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
í
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
j, 0
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)
ň
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ó
⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)
p, %
⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345)
q
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r,
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
ř
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)
š
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
ť
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
ú, §
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
ů
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
w
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)
x
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)
ý
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
ž
⠀ (braille pattern blank)
 
⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
.
⠂ (braille pattern dots-2)
,
⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
:
⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
;
⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)
- or
⠲ (braille pattern dots-256)
+
⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) U+283B
/
⠢ (braille pattern dots-26)
?
⠖ (braille pattern dots-235)
!
⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)
"
⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)
(
⠴ (braille pattern dots-356)
)
⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)
*
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456)
|
⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)
(Cap)
⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)
(CAPS)
⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)
(l.c.)

For letters with diacritics, there are two common strategies: (1) a dot 6 may be added (á, č, ď), or (2) the letter is reversed (ň, ó, ř, š, ť, ú, ý, ž). The Czech braille letter ř is the international form for w, so w has been assigned an idiosyncratic form, which is the reverse of ů. Í is a stretched i. É and ě are not derived from e, but are the reverse of each other.

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)
á
⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)
č
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ď
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
é
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
ě
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
í
⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)
ň
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ó
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
ř
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)
š
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)
ť
⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
ú
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
ů
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
w
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)
ý
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
ž


The numerical prefix, , derives the second options in the table (the digits, %, ‰, §). indicates a capital letter, that a word is in all caps, and indicates lower case. There are also prefixes for small and capital Greek letters, and .

Slovak Braille

Slovak Braille is similar. Ô is equivalent to Czech Braille ů, and it doesn't have the letters ě or ř. In addition, there are four letters not found in Czech Braille:[1]

⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)
ä
⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)
ĺ
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456)
ľ
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
ŕ

References

  1. Slovenská Braillova abeceda, Únia nevidiacich a slabozrakých Slovenska

ja:チェコ語の点字