Day of Affirmation speech

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The Day of Affirmation speech (also known as the Ripple of Hope speech[1]) was a speech given by Robert F. Kennedy to National Union of South African Students members at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, on June 6, 1966, on the University's "Day of Reaffirmation of Academic and Human Freedom".[2] Kennedy was at the time the junior U.S. Senator from New York. It is often considered his greatest and most famous speech.[1][3][4]

In the speech Kennedy talked about individual liberty, apartheid, and the need for civil rights in the United States at a time when the American civil rights movement was ongoing.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Memmott, Mark (30 June 2013). "LOOKING BACK: RFK's 'Ripple Of Hope' Speech In South Africa". National Public Radio. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  2. Kennedy, Kerry (6 August 2012). "Day of Affirmation: “Ripple of Hope”". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. "RFK in the Land of Apartheid: A Ripple of Hope". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  4. Shore, Larry. "A Ripple of Hope: Background". Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

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