Dean and Canons of Windsor

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St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, left, 1848.

The Dean and Canons of Windsor are the ecclesiastical body of St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.[1]

Foundation

The stalls for the Dean and Canons in the chapel

The college of Canons was established in 1348 by Letters Patent of King Edward III. The college was formally constituted on the Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, 30 November 1352 when the statutes drawn up by William Edington, Bishop of Winchester as Papal Delegate, were solemnly delivered to William Mugge, the Warden of the College.[2]

Accepting the formality of foundation took several years, the college takes the date of 1348 as its official foundation.

Costume

Rubbing of monumental brass in Eton College Chapel, of Roger Lupton (d.1540). His hair displays the tonsure of a ceric. He wears the mantle of a Canon of Windsor (based in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle), displaying on his left shoulder a Cross of St George within a circle

Three ancient monumental brasses survive depicting Canons of Windsor, wearing the mantle of the Order of the Garter, purple in colour, with a circular badge on the left shoulder, displaying: Argent, a cross gules (a Cross of St George):[3]

  1. c. 1370. Roger Parkers, North Stoke, Oxfordshire (half effigy with inscription; head lost).
  2. 1540. Roger Lupton, LL.D., Provost of Eton College and Canon of Windsor. Eton College Chapel (mantle worn over fur-lined cassock; no surplice).
  3. 1558. Arthur Cole, S.T.B., President of Magdalen, at Magdalen College, Oxford. Showing a very ornate mantle worn over cassock and surplice.

The long cords which fasten the mantle are well represented at North Stoke and Magdalen College. In the two later examples it is gathered. On the Eton brass the mantle is fastened at the neck. The lost effigy of John Robyns, d. 1558, of which the inscription remains in St. George's Chapel, may have shown him wearing the mantle. (See: "Brasses of Canons of Windsor," by the Rev. J. E. Field, The Antiquaryy Vol. XV., 1887; For military examples, see Ch. III). Brasses of Canons of Windsor are found showing them vested in copes, without the Garter badge, as at Thurcaston, Leicestershire. (John Mershdcn, 1425), and at Harrow (Simon Marcheford, 1442). A brass was discovered in 1890 at Bennington, near Stevenage, Hertfordshire, showing a small mutilated effigy of a priest in a cope with a round badge (possibly a rose) on the left shoulder. The cope has an orphrey. This has been supposed to represent a Canon of Windsor. (See Transactions of the Cambridge University Association of Brass Collectors, Vol. II, p. 24).

Suspension of canonries

Section 9 of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners Act 1840 provided for the suspension of eight of the canonries at St George's. It required that the first two vacant canonries should be suspended, the next filled, the next two suspended, the next filled, the next two suspended, the next filled, and the next two suspended.[4]

Current chapter

Dean
Canons
Minor Canons
  • Minor Canon and School Chaplain - Franklin Lee

Deans of Windsor

See List of Deans of Windsor for chronological list.

Canons of the First Stall

Canonry of the First Stall suspended 1861 by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Second Stall

Canonry of the Second Stall then suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Third Stall

Canonry of the Third Stall suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Fourth Stall

Canonry suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Fifth Stall

Canons of the Sixth Stall

Canons of the Seventh Stall

Canonry suspended in 1860 by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Eighth Stall

Canonry of the Eighth Stall suspended by the Act of 1840.

Canons of the Ninth Stall

Canons of the Tenth Stall

Canonry of the Tenth Stall suspended by the Act of 1840.

Canons of the Eleventh Stall

Canons of the Twelfth Stall

Twelfth Stall suspended under the Act of 1840.

References

  1. Dean & Canons of Windsor, St George's House Windsor Castle, viewed 18 April 2008, http://www.stgeorgeshouse.org/dean.asp
  2. Fasti Wyndesoriensis. The Deans and Canons of St. George's Chapel. Historical monographs relating to St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle Volume 8. . Canon S. L. Ollard. 1950.
  3. Druitt, Herbert, A Manual of Costume as Illustrated By Monumental Brasses, London, 1906, pp.92-3 [1]
  4. Ecclesiastical Commissioners Act 1840 (c. 113), section 9.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 27420. p. 2153. 28 March 1902.
  6. "Canon Alan Coldwells - Obituaries, News". London: The Independent. Retrieved 13 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "College of St George - Windsor Castle - New Canon of Windsor". Stgeorges-windsor.org. 23 April 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Reference, Victoria & Albert Museum.
  9. Reference, National Portrait Gallery.
  10. Colin Slee (23 November 2009). "Stephen Verney obituary | World news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 13 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Obituary: Canon G. B. Bentley - The Independent (London, England) | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 25 September 1996. Retrieved 13 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "John White Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today, John White Profile". Debretts.com. 27 June 1942. Retrieved 13 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>