December 1955

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1955
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February
March
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December
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The following events occurred in December 1955:

December 1, 1955 (Thursday)

December 2, 1955 (Friday)

  • Edgar Faure dissolves France's National Assembly under Article 51 of the country's Constitution.
  • Barnes rail crash: After a collision at Barnes, London, UK, caused by a signal error, fire breaks out. Thirteen people are killed and 35 injured.

December 3, 1955 (Saturday)

  • Resistance fighter Osvald Harjo returns to Norway after 13 years in Soviet prison camps.

December 4, 1955 (Sunday)

December 5, 1955 (Monday)

December 6, 1955 (Tuesday)

  • Austria's neutrality is recognised by the USA, Soviet Union, UK and France.
  • The Bensen B-8M autogyro makes its maiden flight.

December 7, 1955 (Wednesday)

December 8, 1955 (Thursday)

December 9, 1955 (Friday)

December 10, 1955 (Saturday)

December 11, 1955 (Sunday)

  • Operation Olive Leaves, an Israeli reprisal operation against Syria, ends with the destruction of Syrian emplacements, and fifty-four Syrians killed in action, with another thirty taken prisoner. Six IDF fatalities are reported.[5]
  • Italy's Radical Party is founded by a splinter group of the Italian Liberal Party.

December 12, 1955 (Monday)

December 13, 1955 (Tuesday)

December 14, 1955 (Wednesday)

December 15, 1955 (Thursday)

December 16, 1955 (Friday)

December 17, 1955 (Saturday)

December 18, 1955 (Sunday)

December 19, 1955 (Monday)

  • Under the leadership of Ismail al-Azhari, Sudan adopts a declaration of independence from Egypt, to take effect from 1 January 1956 with the agreement of Egypt and the UK.
  • The Representative of Portugal to the United Nations makes a Declaration of Acceptance, on behalf of the Government of Portugal, of the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in a dispute with India, resulting in further legal controversy.[14]

December 20, 1955 (Tuesday)

  • Cardiff is declared the capital of Wales by the British Government.

December 21, 1955 (Wednesday)

  • Ibrahim Hashem becomes acting Prime Minister of Jordan, thus beginning his third term in the post.

December 22, 1955 (Thursday)

December 23, 1955 (Friday)

December 24, 1955 (Saturday)

December 25, 1955 (Sunday)

  • After being on radio since 1932, the Royal Christmas Message is broadcast on British television for the first time, in sound only, at 3.00pm.

December 26, 1955 (Monday)

December 27, 1955 (Tuesday)

  • Japanese cargo ship SS Tanda Maru is driven ashore in a typhoon on Honshu and breaks in two. Fourteen of her 24 crew are rescued by a US helicopter.[16]

December 28, 1955 (Wednesday)

  • Born: Liu Xiaobo (刘晓波), Chinese critic, writer and activist, in Changchun

December 29, 1955 (Thursday)

December 30, 1955 (Friday)

December 31, 1955 (Saturday)

  • General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make a profit of over one billion dollars in one year.

References

  1. "Attlee steps down as Labour leader". BBC News. 7 December 1955. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (8 December 1955), Resolution (55) 32 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, CVCE, retrieved 25 June 2014<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham: An Obsession with Music. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-84383-402-1. p. 330.
  4. "Telegrams in Brief" The Times (London). Saturday, 10 December 1955. (53400), col G, p. 5.
  5. Spencer Tucker, The encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli conflict, ABC-CLIO, (2008) p. 232
  6. GB 854211 
  7. Aviation Hawaii: 1950-1959 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
  8. Shri. Manohar Parrikar | Goa MLA | Goa Legislative Assembly
  9. "New British Ship Sunk" The Times (London). Thursday, 15 December 1955. (53404), col C, p. 10.
  10. "Gaitskell elected Labour leader". BBC News. 14 December 1955. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
  12. "1955: Queen opens London Airport terminal". BBC News. 16 December 1955. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Elections in the Americas A Data Handbook Volume 1. North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Edited by Dieter Nohlen. 2005.
  14. Ademola Abass, Complete International Law: Text, Cases, and Materials. OUP, 2014 (2nd ed). p 548
  15. "The Constitution (Amendment) Acts". Constitution.org. Retrieved 2013-11-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Japanese Typhoon Toll" The Times (London). Thursday, 29 December 1955. (53414), col B, p. 5.
  17. History portal (Turkish)
  18. Macrossan, Neal William (1889–1955)Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 19 December 2014.