Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship

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Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
Immigration, Réfugiés et Citoyenneté Canada
File:Citizenship and Immigration Canada Logo.png
Department overview
Formed 1994

Department responsible for

  • Citizenship
  • Immigration
Jurisdiction Canada
Employees 5,000
Minister responsible

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for issues dealing with immigration, refugees, and citizenship. The department was established in 1994 following a reorganization within the federal government, and was renamed from Citizenship and Immigration Canada to its current name with the swearing in of the 29th ministry in 2015.


Prior to 1994, immigration was placed under several ministries:

After the 2015 federal election and the swearing in of Justin Trudeau's 29th ministry in November 2015, the name was changed from Citizenship and Immigration Canada to its current name.[1]

The current Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship is John McCallum.


Canadian citizenship
This article is part of a series
Immigration to Canada
History of immigration to Canada
Economic impact of immigration
Canadian immigration and refugee law
Immigration Act, 1976
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Permanent residency
Temporary residency
Permanent Resident Card
Canadian nationality law
History of nationality law
Citizenship Act 1946
Citizenship Test
Oath of Citizenship
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Passport Canada
Citizenship classes
Honorary citizenship
Commonwealth citizen
Lost Canadians
"Canadians of convenience"
Demographics of Canada
Population by year
Ethnic origins

CIC operates a large network of "Citizenship and Immigration Centres" throughout Canada and in an important number of embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Service Canada recently started to take over some of the domestic field operations of the department, while with its creation in 2003, the Canada Border Services Agency took over the control of enforcement and entry control at land borders and airports.

CIC remains responsible for the establishment of policies and processing of permanent and temporary residence visa, refugee protection and[citizenship applications.


CIC helps immigrants and refugees settle in Canada by funding organizations like the Canadian Caregivers Association to provide newcomers with settlement programs. These organizations are called service provider organizations.

The CIC funds the following programs through service provider organizations:

  • Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada
  • Immigrant Settlement and Adaptation Program (called the Integrated Service Program in Alberta)
  • Host Program
  • Resettlement Assistance Program (for resettled refugees)

The services provided under these programs include the following:

  • Adult language classes in English and French
  • Information on life in Canada
  • Job searching
  • Participation in community activities
  • Access and referral to community resources

Related Legislation


The Citizenship and Immigration Canada department employs 5,000 staff. In 2006 the Canadian government reduced the landing fee per immigrant by 50%.[2]

Current Citizenship and Immigration Structure

  • Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
    • Deputy Minister
      • Associate Deputy Minister
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Strategic and Program Policy
      • Associate ADM, Strategic and Program Policy
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Operations
      • Associate ADM, Operations
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Corporate Services
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Chief Financial Officer

Citizenship Commission

The Citizenship Commission is responsible for Citizenship Judge and arms length body to the Department of Citizenship and Immigration. The body's mandate is directed by the Citizenship Act.

The Commission is headed by a Senior Citizenship Judge and serves a 5-year term. The current head of the Commission is Renata Brum Bozzi (since 2013).[3]

List of former Commission heads:

See also


  1. McGregor, Janyce (7 November 2015). "Justin Trudeau's cabinet: 6 changes found in the fine print". CBC News. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  2. Promoting opportunity for new Canadians - Prime Minister of Canada. (2006-05-12). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  3. [1]

External links