Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Kevin Smith|
|Produced by||Scott Mosier|
|Written by||Kevin Smith|
|Music by||Howard Shore|
|Edited by||Scott Mosier
|Distributed by||Lionsgate Films (US)
|Box office||$30.6 million|
Dogma is a 1999 American comedy film, written and directed by Kevin Smith, who also stars along with Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, Linda Fiorentino, Alan Rickman, Bud Cort, Salma Hayek, Chris Rock, Jason Lee, George Carlin, Janeane Garofalo, Alanis Morissette, and Jason Mewes. It is the fourth film in Smith's View Askewniverse series. Brian O'Halloran and Jeff Anderson, stars of the first Askewniverse film Clerks, have cameo roles, as do Smith regulars Scott Mosier, Dwight Ewell, Walt Flanagan, and Bryan Johnson.
The film's irreverent treatment of Catholicism and the Roman Catholic Church triggered considerable controversy, even before its opening. The Catholic League denounced it as "blasphemy". Organized protests delayed its release in many countries and led to at least two death threats against Smith. The plot revolves around two fallen angels who plan to employ an alleged loophole in Catholic dogma to return to Heaven, after being cast out by God; but as existence is founded on the principle that God is infallible, their success would prove God wrong and thus undo all creation. The last scion and two prophets are sent by the Voice of God to stop them.
Bartleby (Affleck) and Loki (Damon) are fallen angels, banished for eternity from Heaven to Wisconsin for insubordination after an inebriated Loki (with Bartleby's encouragement) resigned as the Angel of Death. When the trendy Cardinal Glick (Carlin) announces that he is rededicating his cathedral in Red Bank, New Jersey in the image of the "Buddy Christ", the angels see their salvation: Anyone entering the cathedral during the rededication festivities will receive a plenary indulgence; all punishment for sin will be remitted, permitting direct entry into Heaven. They receive encouragement from an unexpected source: Azrael (Lee), a demon, once a Muse, also banished from Heaven (for refusing to take sides in the battle between God and Lucifer); and the Stygian Triplets (Barret Hackney, Jared Pfennigwerth, and Kitao Sakurai), three teenage hoodlums who serve Azrael in Hell.
Bethany Sloane (Fiorentino)—a downhearted, infertile, divorced abortion clinic employee—attends a service at her church in Illinois. Donations are being solicited to help a hospitalized, comatose homeless man—known only as John Doe Jersey (Cort)—who was beaten senseless outside a skee ball arcade in New Jersey by the Triplets. Later that day, Metatron (Rickman)—the Voice of God—appears to Bethany in a pillar of fire and declares that she is the last relative of Jesus Christ. He explains that Bartleby and Loki cannot be allowed to succeed: By re-entering Heaven, they would be overruling the word of God, thereby disproving the fundamental concept of God's omnipotence, and nullifying all of existence. She, together with two prophets who will appear to her, must stop the angels and save the universe.
Now a target, Bethany is attacked by the Triplets, and is rescued by the two foretold prophets—drug-dealing stoners named Jay and Silent Bob (Mewes and Smith). Azrael then summons a Golgothan (a vile creature made of human excrement) to find and kill Bethany, but Silent Bob immobilizes it with aerosol deodorant. Other allies in Bethany's mission are Rufus (Rock), the thirteenth apostle (never mentioned in the Bible, he says, because he is black), and Serendipity (Hayek), the fickle Muse of creative inspiration, now working in a strip club in search of inspiration of her own.
On a train to New Jersey, a drunken Bethany reveals her mission to Bartleby, who tries to kill her; a melee ensues, and Silent Bob throws the angels off the train. Bartleby and Loki now realize the potential consequences of their scheme; and while Loki wants no part of destroying all existence, Bartleby remains angry at God for his expulsion—and for granting free will to humans while demanding servitude of angels—and to Loki's horror, resolves to proceed.
Bethany and her allies discuss the situation: Who is really behind the angels' plan, and why has God not intervened? Metatron explains that God's whereabouts are unknown; he disappeared while visiting New Jersey in human form to play skee ball. At the cathedral, the group attempts in vain to persuade Cardinal Glick to cancel the celebration; Jay angrily steals Glick's golf club.
At a nearby bar, Azrael captures Bethany and her protectors and reveals that he is the mastermind behind the angels' plan—he would rather not exist at all than spend eternity in Hell. Silent Bob kills Azrael with Glick's blessed golf club. Serendipity tells Bethany to bless the bar sink, turning its contents to holy water, and Jay, Rufus and Serendipity drown the Triplets in it. Bartleby and Loki reach the cathedral; Bartleby kills all the celebrants, and when Loki attempts to stop him he tears off Loki's wings, making him mortal. When the protectors block Bartleby's entry into the church, Bartleby kills Loki and fights off Rufus, Serendipity and Bob, but as he flees, Jay shoots off his wings with a machine gun.
During his latest of several attempts to seduce Bethany, Jay mentions John Doe Jersey. Realizing that the homeless man is the mortal form that God assumed, Bethany and Bob race to the hospital. Bethany disconnects John Doe's life support, liberating God, but killing herself. As Bartleby again attempts to enter the cathedral, God manifests before him as a woman (Morissette), and kills him with the power of her voice. When Bob arrives with Bethany's lifeless body, God resurrects her and conceives a child within her womb. God, Metatron, Rufus, and Serendipity return to Heaven, leaving Bethany and the two prophets to reflect on what has happened.
- Ben Affleck as Bartleby
- Matt Damon as Loki
- Linda Fiorentino as Bethany Sloane, the last scion
- Salma Hayek as Serendipity
- Jason Lee as Azrael
- Jason Mewes as Jay
- Alan Rickman as Metatron
- Chris Rock as Rufus, the thirteenth apostle
- Kevin Smith as Silent Bob
- George Carlin as Cardinal Ignatius Glick
- Bud Cort as John Doe Jersey/God
- Alanis Morissette as God
- Jeff Anderson as a gun salesman
- Brian O'Halloran as Grant Hicks, a reporter
- Janeane Garofalo as Liz, Bethany's co-worker
- Dwight Ewell as Kane, a gang leader
- Guinevere Turner as a bus station attendant
- Bryan Johnson as Steve-Dave Pulatsi
- Walter Flanagan as Walter the fanboy
- Barret Hackney, Jared Pfennigwerth, and Kitao Sakurai as the Stygian Triplets
Dogma was the third-highest grossing film in its opening weekend, behind The Bone Collector and Pokémon: The First Movie. The film grossed a domestic total of $30,652,890 from a modest $10 million budget.
Critics were mostly positive about the film; it has a 67% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes with the consensus "Provocative and audacious, Dogma entertains without overtly offending". It fared better with fans, ranking 84% by the community. On Metacritic, the film received a rating of 62 percent based on 36 reviews, and 7.7/10 by fans, based on 35 votes.
Critics expressed surprise at the film's eclectic casting, which Smith said was done deliberately to emphasize the contrasts between characters—Rickman as the powerful Metatron, for example, opposite Mewes as the hopelessly verbose stoner Jay, "...a Shakespearean trained actor of the highest order next to a dude from New Jersey." Smith warned Mewes that he would have to take his acting to a higher level. "I really impressed upon him that he had to be prepared for this movie. 'There are real actors in this one,' we kept telling him." In response, Mewes memorized not only his own dialogue but the entire screenplay, because he "didn't want to piss off that Rickman dude".
Other unorthodox casting decisions included the Mexican actress Salma Hayek as Serendipity—"the [Muse] who throughout history inspired all the geniuses of art and music, like Mozart and Michelangelo, and never got any of the credit"—and singer-songwriter Alanis Morissette, as God. "There's a Zen Buddhist serenity to Alanis that calls to mind something otherworldly," Smith explained. "She's definitely ethereal in nature, even when not speaking, and she carries an air about her that played into the role."
Smith and his production partner Scott Mosier assembled a group of visual artists to realize their concept of a surreal, abstract environment "somewhere between reality and unreality": production designer Robert Holtzman, special effects supervisor Charles Belardinelli, creature effects supervisor Vincent Guastini, costume designer Abigail Murray, and director of photography Robert Yeoman.
In the publicity stills on the film's official website, Smith described a scene that did not make the final cut: a climactic face-off in the hospital between Silent Bob, the redheaded Triplet (with a burned-out face), and the Golgothan. The battle was to end with God, newly liberated, transforming the Golgothan into flowers.
|Dogma: Music from the Motion Picture|
|Soundtrack album by Howard Shore|
|Released||November 2, 1999 (US)|
|Label||Warner Bros., WEA|
|Howard Shore chronology|
The soundtrack album accompanying the film was released in the United States on November 2, 1999. It features the film's orchestral score by Howard Shore, who receives sole credit on the album cover, and the song "Still" by Alanis Morissette, who wrote and produced it for the film. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic gave the album a positive review, describing the score as "alternately melodramatic and humorous" and "rich, effective".
The London Philharmonic Orchestra performed tracks two through ten.
- "Still" (Alanis Morissette) - 6:18
- "Dogma" - 1:45
- "Behold the Metatron" - 4:29
- "Mooby the Golden Calf" - 2:53
- "The Golgathan" - 4:50
- "The Last Scion" - 3:22
- "Stygian Triplets" - 1:40
- "Bartelby and Loki" - 2:39
- "John Doe Jersey" - 6:54
- "A Very Relieved Deity" - 6:25
In late November 2005, Smith was asked about a possible sequel on the ViewAskew.com message boards:
|“||So weird you should ask this, because ever since 9/11, I have been thinking about a sequel of sorts. I mean, the worst terrorist attack on American soil was religiously bent. In the wake of said attack, the leader of the "Free World" outed himself as pretty damned Christian. In the last election, rather than a quagmire war abroad, the big issue was whether or not gay marriage was moral. Back when I made Dogma, I always maintained that another movie about religion wouldn't be forthcoming, as Dogma was the product of 28 years of religious and spiritual meditation, and I'd kinda shot my wad on the subject. Now? I think I might have more to say. And, yes, the Last Scion would be at the epicenter of it. And she'd have to be played by Alanis. And we'd need a bigger budget, because the entire third act would be the Apocalypse. Scary thing is this: the film would have to touch on Islam. And unlike the Catholic League, when those cats don't like what you do, they issue a death warrant on your ass. And now that I've got a family, I'm not as free to stir the shit-pot as I was when I was single, back when I made Dogma. I mean, now I've gotta think about more than my own safety and well-being. But regardless – yeah, a Dogma followup's been swimming around in my head for some time now.||”|
A decade later, there has apparently been no further discussion.
- Dogma at Box Office Mojo
- A Practicing Catholic On The Religious Storm Of `Dogma'. Chicago Tribune archive. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- Kimberley Jones (August 10, 2001). "Mr. Smith Goes to Austin". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-06-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Andy Seiler (October 24, 2001). "Kevin Smith is seldom Silent". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-06-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- In actual Catholic theology, plenary indulgence does not mean blanket forgiveness of sins. Moreover, Church rules govern humans, not angels. See "Catechism of the Catholic Church: Indulgences". Retrieved July 30, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Weekend Box Office Results for November 12-14, 1999". Amazon.com. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Dogma at Rotten Tomatoes
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- "My Boring-Ass Life". March 29, 2006. Retrieved 2009-06-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Dogma - Through the eyes of the director - The Scenes That Never Were". Retrieved 2009-06-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Dogma (Original Soundtrack) - Review". Allmusic.
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- Franich, D. On 'Dogma,' Kevin Smith, and the road not taken. Entertainment Weekly archive, retrieved January 11, 2016.
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