Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
"Donald Trump presidential campaign" redirects here. For his 2000 presidential campaign, see Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2000.


Donald J. Trump for President
Trump 2016.svg
Campaign Republican primaries for the U.S. presidential election, 2016
Candidate Donald Trump
Affiliation Republican Party
Status Announced: June 16, 2015
Headquarters Trump Tower
725 Fifth Avenue
Manhattan, New York
Key people Kellyanne Conway, campaign manager
Corey Lewandowski, campaign manager (former)
Paul J. Manafort, convention manager
Katrina Pierson, national spokesperson
Hope Hicks, press secretary
Michael Glassner, deputy campaign manager
Daniel Scavino Jr., director of social media
Receipts US$25,526,319 (2016-03-16[1])
Slogan Make America Great Again![2]
Website
Official website

Donald Trump, a businessperson and television personality, announced his candidacy for President of the United States at the Trump Tower in New York City on June 16, 2015 with the slogan "Make America Great Again!"[3]

Trump's populist positions in opposition to illegal immigration, free trade, and military interventionism[4][5][6][7] earned him particular support among blue-collar voters.[8] Trump has become the consistent Republican front-runner in public opinion polls.[9][10][11][12][13] Many of his remarks have been highly controversial among the public, other political candidates, the media, and Trump's business partners, some of whom have ended their business relationships with him as a result. Several world leaders have also expressed concerns about the prospect of his becoming president.[14][15] His campaign has been extensively covered by most mainstream media sources, allowing him to eschew large campaign contributions and supporting political action committees (super PACs), which Trump has criticized along with politicians who use them.[16][17] His abstention from political correctness has been a staple theme of his campaign, and has proved to be popular among his supporters.[18][19] Trump's most polarizing and widely reported statements have been on issues of immigration and border security, on which he has proposed deportation of all illegal immigrants, construction of a substantial wall on the Mexico–United States border, and a temporary ban on alien Muslims entering the U.S.,[20] while speaking extensively about perceived issues pertaining to illegal immigrants traveling over the Mexican border into the U.S.[21][22]

Trump's campaign rallies have attracted large crowds, as well as public controversy. Some of the events have been marked by incidents of violence against protesters by Trump supporters, claims of mistreatment of some journalists, as well as violence and disruption by a large groups of protesters (such as those those who effectively shut down a major rally in Chicago.) Trump said, perhaps in jest, that he himself wished to punch protesters, and has defended their ejection from his events, but has also said he hopes that he has not encouraged physical force to subdue or remove protesters.[23][24][25][26] Trump is opposed to the broad protection currently afforded to journalists against legal accusations of libel.[27][28]

As of the end of April, Trump is the clear Republican frontrunner having won 26 states and one U.S. territory, and accumulating 957 pledged convention delegates, with 1,237 needed for the nomination.[29]

Background

Since the 1988 presidential election, Trump has been considered a potential candidate for President in nearly every election.[30][31][32] In October 1999, Trump declared himself a potential candidate for the Reform Party's presidential nomination,[33] but withdrew on February 14, 2000.[34] In 2004, Donald Trump identified as a Democrat, openly supported Hillary Clinton, and donated a large sum of money to Democratic groups.[35] Trump rejoined the Republican Party in 2009. In early 2011, presidential speculation reached its highest point and Trump began to take a lead in polls among Republican candidates in the 2012 election. However, Trump announced in May 2011 that he would not be a candidate for the office.[36][37]

At the 2011 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), Trump said he is "pro-life" and "against gun control".[38][39][40] He has spoken before Tea Party supporters.[41][42][43] In December 2008, Trump emerged as an early supporter of the 2009 government backed rescue plan for the U.S. auto industry which by 2012 gained the support of 56% of Americans (63% support in Michigan), according to a Pew Research Center poll.[44] Trump opposed granting "fast track" trade-negotiation authority to President Barack Obama to negotiate the international trade agreements.[45]

Trump expressed a desire for stronger negotiations with China on trade, plus the imposition of tariffs if necessary.[46][47][48] Trump has called for a policy of leadership to deal with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) which he has criticized for causing high oil prices.[49][50]

In 2011, polls had Trump among the leading candidates. A Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll from March 2011 showed Trump in the lead for the Republican nomination for president of the United States.[51] A February 2011 Newsweek poll placed Trump within a few points of President Obama in a potential 2012 presidential contest, with many voters undecided.[52] A poll released in April 2011 by Public Policy Polling showed Trump having a nine-point lead in a potential contest for the Republican nomination for President of the United States while he was still actively considering a run.[53][54] In December 2011, Trump placed sixth in the "ten most admired men and women living of 2011" USA Today/Gallup telephone survey.[55] Trump has been a featured speaker at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC).[56] In 2013, Trump researched a possible run for President of the United States in 2016.[57] In October 2013, New York Republicans suggested Trump should run for governor of the state in 2014.[58] In February 2015, Trump did not renew his television contract for The Apprentice, which raised speculation of his candidacy for president of the United States in 2016.[59]

History

2015

Announcement

Donald Trump speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC)

Trump formally announced his candidacy for the upcoming race for president in the 2016 election on June 16, 2015. His announcement was held at a campaign rally at Trump Tower in New York City. In the speech, Trump drew attention to domestic issues such as illegal immigration, offshoring of American jobs, the U.S. national debt, and Islamic terrorism, in a campaign strongly emphasized by the slogan "Make America Great Again."[65] Trump declared that he would self-fund his presidential campaign, and would refuse any money from donors and lobbyists.[66]

Following the announcement, most of the media's attention focused on Trump's comment on illegal immigration where he stated: "When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best... They're sending people that have lots of problems, and they're bringing those problems with [them]. They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people."[67][68] Trump's statement was controversial and led several businesses and organizations—including NBC, Macy's, Univision, and NASCAR—to cut ties with Trump in the following days.[84] Reactions from other presidential candidates were mixed, with some Republican candidates disagreeing with the tone of Trump's remarks yet supporting the core idea that illegal immigration is an important campaign issue, while other Republican candidates, along with the leading Democratic candidates, condemning Trump's remarks and his policy-stances by saying that such comments are meant to inflame and incite.[90]

After the public backlash, Trump stood by his comments by citing news articles to back his claims up. Trump later clarified that he intended his comments to be aimed solely at the government of Mexico, specifically for using the insecure border as a means of transferring criminals out of their own country, and says he did not intend his comments to refer to immigrants themselves in general.[94]

Early campaign

Trump at an early campaign event in New Hampshire on June 16, 2015

After his announcement in New York, Trump immediately traveled to several states including Iowa and New Hampshire to campaign ahead of the 2016 Republican primaries.[98] In early July 2015, Trump also began campaigning in the West, giving rallies and speeches in Las Vegas and Los Angeles.[99][100] On July 23, he visited the Mexican border to highlight his stance with regards to opposition towards illegal immigration.[101]

In July, the Federal Election Commission released details of Trump's wealth and financial holdings that he submitted when he became a Republican presidential candidate. The report showed assets above $1.4 billion and outstanding debts of at least $265 million.[102][103] Shortly afterwards, Trump's campaign released a statement claiming his net worth to be over US$10 billion, but Forbes estimates that it is US$4 billion.[104]

On August 6, 2015, the first Republican primary debate took place on Fox News. During the debate, Trump notably refused to rule out a third-party candidacy. When pressed, he also refused to say he would endorse the eventual Republican nominee.[105] In September 2015, Trump eventually signed a pledge promising his allegiance to the Republican Party.[106]

On August 21, 2015, the Federal Election Commission released a list of filings from super PACs backing candidates in the 2016 presidential race, which revealed Trump to be the only major presidential candidate among the Republican candidates who appeared not to have a super PAC supporting his candidacy.[107] Two months later, the Make America Great Again PAC, which had collected $1.74 million and spent around $500,000 on polling, consulting, and other activities,[108] was shut down after the Washington Post revealed multiple connections to the Trump campaign.[109][110]

John McCain comments

On July 18, 2015, Trump received criticism for saying of McCain: "He's not a war hero" and "He was a war hero because he was captured. I like people who weren't captured."[111][112] Trump acknowledged, "If somebody's a prisoner, I consider them a war hero"; however, he criticized "politicians like John McCain" for having "totally failed" on veterans issues and on securing the border.[113] Trump declared his support for veterans and pledged to "build the finest and most modern veterans hospitals in the world."[113][114][115]

Asked whether Trump should apologize to him for the remarks, McCain said on MSNBC: "I don't think so. I think he may owe an apology to the families of those who have sacrificed in conflict and those who have undergone the prison experience in serving their country."[116][117] Trump later stated that he did not owe the Senator an apology.[118][119][120] Investigative journalist Sharyl Attkisson detailed how the Washington Post had taken Trump's remarks on McCain out of context; she stated in part, "In fact, Trump's actual quote is the opposite of what is presented in the Post's first sentence."[121] Politifact rated Trump's claim that the quote was taken out of context as "mostly false".[122] Trump's comments generated disagreement among the other Republican presidential candidates, including Jeb Bush, Scott Walker, Rick Santorum, Rand Paul, Bobby Jindal, Mike Huckabee, and Chris Christie. Two candidates, George Pataki and Rick Perry, openly called on Trump to withdraw from the race over his comments. Conversely, two other candidates came to Trump's defense: Ben Carson and Ted Cruz, with Carson commenting that all differing opinions should be heard, and with Cruz opining that the party should stop its infighting altogether in order to unite.[123][124]

Border wall and illegal immigration

In his announcement speech, Trump promised that he would build "a great, great wall" on the United States–Mexico border, and has continued to lay emphasis on this proposal throughout his campaign, further stating that the construction of the wall would be paid for by Mexico.[67][125] He proposed a broader crack-down on illegal immigration, and in a July 6 statement claimed that the Mexican government is "forcing their most unwanted people into the United States"—"in many cases, criminals, drug dealers, rapists, etc."[126] In his first town hall meeting in Derry, New Hampshire on August 19, 2015, Trump stated: "Day 1 of my presidency, they're getting out and getting out fast."[127] These statements elicited considerable controversy.[126]

José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs, said that Trump "is a politician who ignores the context in which it is participating", with regard to U.S. international economic relations and Trump's comments.[128] Trump's Republican rival Jeb Bush stated that "Trump is wrong on this" and "to make these extraordinarily kind of ugly comments is not reflective of the Republican Party."[129] Trump acknowledged that Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus asked him to tone down his rhetoric on immigration reform and stated that his conversations with the RNC were "congratulatory" as well.[130]

At a July 2015 rally in Phoenix, Arizona, Trump was welcomed by the Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio, turning over the lecturn for part of his speech to a supporter whose child was killed in Los Angeles in 2008 by a Mexican-born gang member.[131] The brother of Kate Steinle, who was murdered in San Francisco by an illegal immigrant, has criticized Trump for politicizing his sister's death, telling Anderson Cooper Trump's platform "isn't exactly what our family believes in."[132][133]

U.S. Senator Ted Cruz praised Trump for giving attention to illegal immigration, while Congressman Steve King also defended Trump's remarks about illegal immigration and crime.[87][134][135] Conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh has repeatedly praised Trump's comments and his continued response to the backlash, saying that Trump has successfully changed the debate and brought the issue of immigration reform back to the foreground, while also not backing down against media scrutiny and businesses severing ties with him.[136][137][138] Former Arizona governor Jan Brewer said, "I believe that Mr. Trump is kind of telling it like it really, truly is."[135][139][140] On July 10, 2015, Limbaugh cited a report which he claimed supports Trump's remarks about illegal immigration and crime.[141]

Univision announced it would no longer carry broadcasts of the Miss USA Pageant.[142] In response, Trump indicated the matter would be handled by legal action, and followed through by filing a US$500 million lawsuit against Univision. The complaint asserts that Univision is attempting to suppress Trump's First Amendment rights by putting pressure on his business ventures.[143] NBC announced it would not air the Miss Universe or Miss USA pageant.[144][145] Afterwards, the multinational media company Grupo Televisa severed ties with Trump,[146] as did Ora TV,[147] a television network partly owned by Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim.[148] Trump gave the rights to broadcast the Miss Universe and Miss USA Pageants to the Reelz Channel.[149]

Paulina Vega, the current Miss Universe and former Miss Colombia, said that, although she repudiates the immigration remarks of Trump,[150] who in turn called her a "hypocrite",[151] she cannot give up the crown because her contract forbids it, and she could be sued.[152]

Mexico,[153] Panama,[154] and Costa Rica[155] will not send representatives to the Miss Universe competition.[when?]

Macy's announced it would phase out its Trump-branded merchandise.[156] Serta, a mattress manufacturer, also decided to drop their business relationship with Trump.[157] NASCAR ended sponsorship with Trump by announcing it would not hold their post season awards banquet at the Trump National Doral Miami.[158] ESPN decided to relocate its ESPY Celebrity Golf Classic to the Pelican Hill Golf Club in Newport Beach. The charity golf tournament was once scheduled to be held at a golf course owned by Trump.[159]

Reuters journalists found that Trump's companies sought to import 1,100 workers on H-2B visas since 2000.[160] The Trump-owned Palm Beach, Florida resort of Mar-a-Lago is notable for the large number of guest workers employed.[161] Pew Research found 59% of Americans oppose the wall.[162]

Temporary Muslim ban proposal

In remarks made following the November 2015 Paris attacks, Trump stated that he would support a database tracking Muslims in the United States and expanded surveillance of mosques.[163][164] Trump's support for a database of American Muslims "drew sharp rebukes from his Republican presidential rivals and disbelief from legal experts."[165]

Trump justified his proposals by repeatedly saying that he recalled "thousands and thousands of people ... cheering" in Jersey City, New Jersey, when the World Trade Center towers fell on September 11, 2001.[163][166] Politifact noted that this statement was false, giving it a "Pants on Fire" rating and reporting that it was based on debunked and unproven rumors.[165][167] Jersey City Mayor Steve Fulop called Trump's claim "absurd" and said that Trump "has memory issues or willfully distorts the truth."[168]

On December 7, 2015, Trump further called for a "total and complete shutdown on Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on."[169]

Following these remarks, on December 8, 2015, the Pentagon issued a rare statement of concern, stating "anything that bolsters ISIL's narrative and pits the United States against the Muslim faith is certainly not only contrary to our values but contrary to our national security."[170] The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, David Cameron, and the Prime Minister of France, Manuel Valls, both issued statements in response to Trump's press release condemning him.[171][172] However, Geert Wilders, leader of the right-wing Party for Freedom in the Netherlands applauded his remarks calling them "brave" and "good for Europe".[173] Among the European right wing, Nigel Farage of the UK Independence Party called it "perhaps a political mistake too far"[174] and even Marine Le Pen of the far-right French National Front distanced herself from the idea.[175] Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also rejected Trump's proposal, prompting Trump to "postpone" a planned trip to Israel.[176]

Trump was widely criticized by leading Republican Party figures, including Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus[177] and Republican leaders in South Carolina and Iowa.[178]

During the controversy regarding his comments, Trump alleged that "We have places in London and other places that are so radicalized that the police are afraid for their own lives." London's Metropolitan Police Service responded by stating "we think it's important to state to Londoners that Mr Trump could not be more wrong." London Mayor Boris Johnson, a member of the UK Conservative Party, demanded an apology and described Trump's comments as "ill-informed" and "complete and utter nonsense."[179]

Following Trump's controversial comments on Muslim immigration, a petition with the title "Block Donald J Trump from UK entry"[180] was opened in the UK, on the Parliament's e-petition website, calling on the UK government's Home Office to ban him from entering the country. By 5:00 am on December 11, the total number of signatures exceeded 500,000,[181] far above the threshold of 100,000 required for a Parliamentary debate.[182] On January 18, the UK's House of Commons debated whether to ban Trump,[183] but ended without a vote, as such a decision is reserved to the Home Secretary.[184] The three-hour long debate saw members on all sides of parliament describe Trump as "a buffoon", "crazy", "offensive", and "a wazzock".[185]

Trump signs the Republican loyalty pledge: If Trump does not become the Republican Party nominee for the 2016 general election, he pledges to support whomever the nominee may be, and to not[lower-alpha 1] run as a third-party candidate.

Trump caused further controversy when he recounted an uncorroborated, apocryphal story about how U.S. general John J. Pershing shot Muslim terrorists with pig's blood-dipped bullets in order to deter them during the Moro Rebellion. His comments were strongly denounced by the Council on American-Islamic Relations.[186][187][188][189]

Republican front-runner

Trump has consistently had high poll numbers during his candidacy.[190][191] A survey conducted by The Economist/YouGov released July 9, 2015, was the first major nationwide poll to show Trump as the 2016 Republican presidential front-runner.[192] A Suffolk/USA Today poll released on July 14, 2015, showed Trump with 17% support among Republican voters, with Jeb Bush at 14%.[193] A Washington Post/ABC News poll taken on July 16–19, showed Trump had 24% Republican support, over Scott Walker at 13%.[194] A CNN/ORC poll showed Trump in the lead at 18% support among Republican voters, over Jeb Bush at 15%,[13][195] and a CBS News poll from show of August 4ed Trump with 24% support, Bush second at 13%, and Walker third at 10%.[196]

A CNN/ORC poll taken August 13–16, 2015, in the swing states of Florida, Ohio and Pennsylvania showed Trump ahead of, or narrowly trailing Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton in direct match-ups in those states.[197] In Florida, Trump led by two points, and in both Ohio and Pennsylvania, he was within just five points of Clinton.[198]

Trump has had a persistently high popularity among Republican and leaning-Republican minority voters.[199][200][201][202] Surveys taken in late 2015 showed Trump polling unfavorably among women and non-white voters, with 64% of women viewing Trump unfavorably and 74% of non-white voters having a negative view of the candidate, according to a November 2015 ABC News/Washington Post poll.[203] A Public Religion Research Institute survey in November 2015 found that many of his supporters are working class voters with negative feelings towards migrants, as well as strong financial concerns.[204][205]

Numerous polls show Trump polling significantly favorably among minority and woman voters compared to past and present Republican presidential candidates, citing a September 2015 SurveyUSA poll. This poll also reports that Trump garners some support from voters outside of his party.[200][206] Trump's status as the consistent front-runner for the Republican nomination led to him being featured on the cover of Time magazine in August 2015, with the caption: "Deal with it."[207]

2016

Early caucuses and primaries

In the lead-up to the Iowa caucus, poll averages showed Trump as the front-runner with a roughly four percent lead.[208] Ted Cruz came in first in the vote count, ahead of Trump. Cruz, who campaigned strongly among evangelical Christians,[209] was supported by church pastors that coordinated a volunteer campaign to get out the vote.[210] Before the Iowa vote, an email from the Cruz campaign falsely implied that Ben Carson was about to quit the race, encouraging Carson's supporters to vote for Cruz instead.[211][212] Trump later posted on Twitter, "Many people voted for Cruz over Carson because of this Cruz fraud", and wrote, "Ted Cruz didn't win Iowa, he stole it."[213]

Following his loss in Iowa, Trump rebounded in the New Hampshire primary, coming in first place with 35% of the vote, the biggest victory in a New Hampshire Republican primary since at least 2000.[214][215] Trump "tapped into a deep well of anxiety among Republicans and independents in New Hampshire, according to exit polling data," running strongest among voters who feared "illegal immigrants, incipient economic turmoil and the threat of a terrorist attack in the United States."[214] Trump commented that in the run-up to the primary, his campaign had "learned a lot about ground games in a week."[216]

This was followed by another wide victory in South Carolina, furthering his lead among the Republican candidates.[217][218] He won the Nevada caucus on February 24 with a landslide 45.9% of the vote, his biggest victory yet; Marco Rubio placed second with 23.9%.[219][220]

Mitt Romney criticism

On February 24, 2016, former presidential candidate Mitt Romney called on Trump to release his tax returns, suggesting they contain a "bombshell".[221] On February 25, 2016, during the 10th Republican Party presidential debate, Trump claimed he would make the filings available after the conclusion of an Internal Revenue Service audit of the past "four to five years".[222]

Mitt Romney expanded his criticisms on March 3 by referring to Trump University, stating, "Donald Trump is a phony, a fraud. His promises are as worthless as a degree from Trump University. He's playing members of the American public for suckers: He gets a free ride to the White House, and all we get is a lousy hat."[223]

In contrast in 2012, while Romney was running for president, he praised Trump and sought his endorsement.[224][225][226][227] Regarding this endorsement, Romney remarked "That was a different time. He was a media personality and his biggest foible at that point was the whole birther thing."[228]

Rallies and crowds

Trump has held large rallies during his campaign,[229][230][231] routinely packing arenas and high school gymnasiums with crowds.[232] Trump "regularly drew thousands of people to rallies in Iowa, far more than any of his Republican rivals."[230]

A Trump rally on July 11, 2015, in Phoenix, Arizona, "drew several thousand people to the Phoenix Convention Center, making it one of the largest events for any candidate so far, though short of the crowd of 10,000 predicted by the Trump campaign."[233][234] Trump was introduced by Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. During his speech, Trump invoked Richard Nixon's "silent majority" speech, saying "The silent majority is back."[233]

On August 21, Trump held a campaign rally at the Ladd-Peebles Stadium in Mobile, Alabama, with approximately 30,000 people in attendance.[235]

At a Trump campaign rally in Biloxi, Mississippi, in January 2016, YouTuber duo Diamond and Silk urged Democrats and independents in the audience to "ditch and switch"—i.e., to change their party affiliations to Republican in order to vote for Trump in closed primary states, which could be an important strategy for the Trump campaign.[236]

Trump's campaign released approximately 20,000 tickets for a 1,400-person venue for a January 7 rally in Burlington, Vermont. Ultimately, 2,000 people lined up at the door, and the campaign imposed a loyalty test at the door, admitting only Trump loyalists. Burlington's mayor and police chief criticized the campaign's handling of the event.[237][238]

Violence and expulsions at rallies
Error creating thumbnail: secnd-locn'/usr/local/bin/ffmpeg' -threads 1 -ss 169 -y -i '/usr/local/www/mediawiki/w/images/a/a8/3_11_2016_Trump_Rally_at_UIC_Pavillion_-_Right_after_news_of_Trump'\s_Postponement.webm' -ss 3 -s 1280x720 -f mjpeg -an -vframes 1 '/tmp//transform_b727dda3b3d8.jpg' 2>&1
wgMaxShellMemory: 409600
ffmpeg version 3.2.4 Copyright (c) 2000-2017 the FFmpeg developers
built with FreeBSD clang version 3.4.1 (tags/RELEASE_34/dot1-final 208032) 20140512
configuration: --prefix=/usr/local --mandir=/usr/local/man --datadir=/usr/local/share/ffmpeg --pkgconfigdir=/usr/local/libdata/pkgconfig --enable-shared --enable-gpl --enable-postproc --enable-avfilter --enable-avresample --enable-pthreads --cc=cc --disable-indev=alsa --disable-outdev=alsa --disable-libopencore-amrnb --disable-libopencore-amrwb --disable-libass --disable-libbs2b --disable-libcaca --disable-libcdio --disable-libcelt --disable-chromaprint --disable-libdc1394 --disable-debug --enable-htmlpages --disable-libebur128 --disable-libfdk-aac --enable-ffserver --disable-libflite --enable-fontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-frei0r --disable-libfribidi --disable-libgme --disable-libgsm --enable-iconv --disable-libilbc --disable-indev=jack --disable-libkvazaar --disable-ladspa --disable-libmp3lame --disable-libbluray --enable-mmx --disable-libmodplug --disable-netcdf --disable-openal --disable-indev=openal --disable-opencl --enable-libopencv --disable-opengl --disable-libopenh264 --disable-libopenjpeg --enable-optimizations --disable-libopus --disable-libpulse --disable-indev=pulse --disable-outdev=pulse --enable-runtime-cpudetect --disable-librubberband --enable-libschroedinger --disable-ffplay --disable-outdev=sdl --disable-sdl2 --disable-libsmbclient --disable-libsnappy --disable-indev=sndio --disable-outdev=sndio --disable-libsoxr --disable-libspeex --enable-sse --disable-libssh --disable-libtesseract --enable-libtheora --disable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-vaapi --enable-vdpau --disable-libvidstab --enable-libvorbis --disable-libvo-amrwbenc --enable-libvpx --disable-libwavpack --disable-libwebp --disable-x11grab --enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --disable-libxcb --enable-libxvid --disable-outdev=xv --disable-libzimg --disable-libzmq --disable-libzvbi --disable-gcrypt --enable-gmp --disable-librtmp --enable-gnutls --disable-openssl --enable-version3 --disable-nonfree
libavutil 55. 34.101 / 55. 34.101
libavcodec 57. 64.101 / 57. 64.101
libavformat 57. 56.101 / 57. 56.101
libavdevice 57. 1.100 / 57. 1.100
libavfilter 6. 65.100 / 6. 65.100
libavresample 3. 1. 0 / 3. 1. 0
libswscale 4. 2.100 / 4. 2.100
libswresample 2. 3.100 / 2. 3.100
libpostproc 54. 1.100 / 54. 1.100
[matroska,webm @ 0x80bc41400] Read error
Last message repeated 2 times
Input #0, matroska,webm, from '/usr/local/www/mediawiki/w/images/a/a8/3_11_2016_Trump_Rally_at_UIC_Pavillion_-_Right_after_news_of_Trump's_Postponement.webm':
Metadata:
encoder  : Lavf56.7.101
Duration: 00:06:23.11, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 118 kb/s
Stream #0:0: Video: vp8, yuv420p, 1280x720, SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9, 30 fps, 30 tbr, 1k tbn, 1k tbc (default)
Stream #0:1: Audio: vorbis, 44100 Hz, stereo, fltp (default)
[swscaler @ 0x80bf55000] deprecated pixel format used, make sure you did set range correctly
Output #0, mjpeg, to '/tmp//transform_b727dda3b3d8.jpg':
Metadata:
encoder  : Lavf57.56.101
Stream #0:0: Video: mjpeg, yuvj420p(pc), 1280x720 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], q=2-31, 200 kb/s, 30 fps, 30 tbn, 30 tbc (default)
Metadata:
encoder  : Lavc57.64.101 mjpeg
Side data:
cpb: bitrate max/min/avg: 0/0/200000 buffer size: 0 vbv_delay: -1
Stream mapping:
Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (vp8 (native) -> mjpeg (native))
Press [q] to stop, [?] for help
[matroska,webm @ 0x80bc41400] Read error
frame= 0 fps=0.0 q=0.0 Lsize= 0kB time=00:00:00.00 bitrate=N/A speed= 0x
video:0kB audio:0kB subtitle:0kB other streams:0kB global headers:0kB muxing overhead: unknown
Output file is empty, nothing was encoded (check -ss / -t / -frames parameters if used)
Trump rally at UIC Pavilion in Chicago on March 11, 2016, immediately after news of Trump's cancellation of attendance of the event.

There have been verbal and physical confrontations between Trump supporters and protesters at Trump's campaign events. Rally attendees have physically provoked protesters and members of the press in many rallies.[239][240] Some have accused Trump's rhetoric of inciting the violence.[241][242][243][244][245]

There have also been incidents near Trump properties related to the campaign. On September 3, 2015, Keith Schiller, Trump's longtime bodyguard and director of security, took an anti-Trump sign from a protestor, Efraín Galicia, outside Trump Tower in Manhattan. A scuffle ensued and Schiller punched Galicia in the head.[246][247][248] Galicia and four others subsequently filed suit against Trump, Schiller, four other security guards, and the Trump Organization, in New York state court, alleging Trump's security guards had assaulted them while they were lawfully demonstrating on a public sidewalk.[248]

The New York Times reported that the most "potentially dangerous recurring act committed by ordinary voters in the 2016 presidential cycle" is protesting Trump at one of his rallies; when a protest breaks out at a rally, "Trump supporters typically begin shouting, pointing, jeering — and sometimes kicking or spitting — at the protester, surrounding the offender in a tight circle."[249] "Trump's tone often seems to encourage aggression," and he "has berated security guards for not ejecting protesters quickly enough."[249] Trump's Republican rivals have blamed Trump for fostering a climate of violence and escalating tension at campaign events.[250]

Trump himself has "not been quick to criticize the violence" at his rallies.[251][252] In November 2015, Trump said of a protester in Birmingham, Alabama, "Maybe he should have been roughed up, because it was absolutely disgusting what he was doing."[253] On February 1, at a rally in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Trump told a crowd, "So if you see somebody getting ready to throw a tomato, knock the crap out of 'em, would you? Seriously. Okay? Just knock the hell — I promise you, I will pay for the legal fees. I promise. I promise."[254] On February 23, 2016, at a rally in Las Vegas, Trump reacted to a protester by saying "I love the old days — you know what they used to do to guys like that when they were in a place like this? They'd be carried out on a stretcher, folks." He added "I'd like to punch him in the face."[255][256][257]

At a rally on February 29, veteran photojournalist Chris Morris was grabbed by his throat and thrown to the ground by a member of the Secret Service.[258]

In March 2016, Politico reported that the Trump campaign has hired plainclothes private security guards to preemptively remove potential protesters from rallies.[259]

File:Michelle-fields-incident.jpg
Corey Lewandowski is seen allegedly grabbing the arm of reporter Michelle Fields in this still frame from video taken March 8, 2016, and released by the Jupiter Police Department on March 29, 2016.

After a Jupiter, Florida, news conference on March 8, Corey Lewandowski, Trump's campaign manager, is reported to have accosted Breitbart News reporter Michelle Fields "...moving her out of the way and nearly bringing her down to the ground" and caused bruising to her arm.[260] On March 11, Kurt Bardella, the company spokesman and longtime public relations consultant for Breitbart News, resigned his position due to Breitbart's lack of support for their reporter. Other Breitbart staff members have resigned in support of the reporter. Fields has filed a police report.[261] The National Press Club subsequently released a statement expressing alarm about "the increasing attacks and threats against journalists covering the United States presidential campaign, particularly after multiple unsettling reports from Donald Trump events" and urged presidential campaigns to respect the freedom of the press.[262][263]

On March 10, a protester being led by police from a rally in Fayetteville, North Carolina, was sucker punched by John McGraw, a Trump supporter. McGraw later told the media that the next time he saw the protestor, "we might have to kill him."[264] McGraw was subsequently charged with assault and battery.[251][265][266] On Meet the Press, Trump said that he had instructed his team to look into paying McGraw's legal fees and said, "He obviously loves his country."[264]

Anti-Trump protesters in Chicago on March 11, 2016

On March 11, during a rally in St. Louis, violence broke out between supporters of Trump and protesters, resulting in 32 arrests.[267] A planned event for later that day in Chicago drew confrontations between supporters and protesters in the arena at the University of Illinois at Chicago before Trump could come out to speak, due to an unusually large amount of protesters, and the campaign cancelled the rally due to safety concerns. While first reports from the Trump campaign stated that law enforcement was consulted,[268] this was denied by local police officials.[269] Trump later stated that he made the decision himself, commenting "I didn't want to see people get hurt [so] I decided to postpone the rally."[270][271][272][273][274]

On March 12, Thomas Dimassimo, 32, attempted to rush the stage as Trump was speaking at a rally in Dayton, Ohio; Dimassimo was stopped by Secret Service agents and subsequently charged with the misdemeanors of disorderly conduct and inducing panic.[275] Trump subsequently claimed on his Twitter feed and at rallies that the stage-rusher was tied to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS or ISIL) terrorist group, citing a hoax video (discovered by one of Trump's "Internet people") which appears to have been created by an Internet troll.[276][277] Charles Lister, a fellow at the Middle East Institute, said: "This is utterly farcical; the video is incontrovertibly fake and Trump's accusations about it being linked to ISIS serve only to underline the totality of his ignorance on this issue."[277]

On March 13, Trump refused to take responsibility for clashes at his campaign events, criticized protesters who have dogged his rallies, and demanded that police begin to arrest rally protesters.[278] His Kansas City rally was interrupted repeatedly by protesters in the arena while protesters outside the event were pepper sprayed by police.[279][280] In an effort to dissuade future protesters, Trump may begin to request that protesters be arrested, "Because then their lives are going to be ruined."[281]

During a March 17 interview with CNN, Trump predicted "you'd have riots" if were denied the Republican nomination despite having the most delegates at the convention.[282]

On March 19, in Tucson, Arizona, a police officer who attended a rally for Trump as a spectator reported that protesters at the entrance to the arena were "acting so outrageous" that he thought they would incite a "brawl". He indicated the protesters were verbally abusive towards attendees of the event and in some cases were screaming profanity at families with children. At a second event on the same day, protesters formed a human wall to block the entrance to the rally.[283] A protester was punched and violently stomped during the rally while being escorted out. With him was another protester wearing a Ku Klux Klan style hood. A Trump supporter was charged with assault with injury and released.[284] At the same rally, a video shared by a CBS News reporter showed Trump's campaign manager Corey Lewandowski grabbing another protester by the collar. The video clearly shows Lewandowski grabbing hold of the man's shirt though the Trump campaign has pointed to another man as the one having tugged the protester enough to jar him.[285]

On Tuesday, March 29, 2016, Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski was charged with battery for the physical assault of reporter Michelle Fields.[286] Trump advised Lewandowski to “never settle the case” and accused Fields of changing her story once the video of the incident surfaced.[287] On April 13, it was reported that a Florida prosecutor had decided not to prosecute Lewandowski.[288] However, some have asserted that the prosecution was politically motivated.[289]

Media coverage

File:Trump AZ Rally.jpg
Trump speaks at an Arizona rally in March 2016

Trump has spent only a modest amount on advertising—$10 million through February 2016, far behind opponents such as Jeb Bush ($82 million), Marco Rubio ($55 million), and Ted Cruz ($22 million).[290] However, Trump is benefiting from free media more than any other candidate. From the beginning of his campaign through February 2016, Trump has received almost $2 billion in free media attention which is twice the amount that leading Democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton, has received.[290] Trump earned $400 million alone in the month of February.[290] According to data from the Tyndall Report, which tracks nightly news content, through February 2016, Trump alone accounted for more than a quarter of all 2016 election coverage on the evening newscasts of NBC, CBS and ABC, more than all the Democratic campaigns combined.[291][292][293] Observers have noted Trump's ability to garner constant mainstream media coverage "almost at will."[294]

In response, a petition to "Stop promoting Donald Trump" accused the media of giving Trump endless airtime for the purpose of increasing viewership and ratings and quickly amassed over 200,000 signatures.[295] The media's coverage of Trump has generated some disagreement as to its effect on his campaign.[296] John Sides of The Washington Post argued that Trump's success was because of the mass news coverage,[297] yet a later article in The Washington Post stated that he remained successful in spite of the drop in media attention.[298] A December 2015 Rasmussen Reports survey showed that 47% of likely voters think most reporters are biased against Trump, 31% disagree, but 22% are not sure.[299] On September 21, 2015, Politico said, "blaming the press for the Trump surge neglects the salient fact that so much of the coverage of him has been darkly negative."[300] However, Barry Bennett – senior adviser to Donald Trump – said in response to the high amount of interviews Trump has given:

Well the demand is pretty high so it's hard not to do them. And it's free media. And we've literally gotten hundreds of millions of dollars worth of free media. No other candidate can talk when everybody is talking about you. So there's some strategic benefit to it.[301]

TV appearances and coverage of his tweets, rallies and controversial statements allowed Trump to dominate the media landscape on the cheap.[302] In an interview with CBS, Trump said that of his campaign's plans to purchase advertising, "I think I'm probably wasting the money. But I'm $35 million under budget. Look, I was going to have 35 or 40 million spent by now. I haven't spent anything. I almost feel guilty ... I'm leading by, as you all say, a lot. You can take the CBS poll. You can take any poll and I'm winning by a lot. I don't think I need the ads. But I'm doing them. I almost feel guilty."[303][304][305]

In February 2016, in response to complaints from Trump that Fox News reporter Megan Kelly would be unfair to him in a Republican primary debate preceding the Iowa caucuses, Fox released a sarcastic statement reading: "We learned from a secret back channel that the Ayatollah and Putin both intend to treat Donald Trump unfairly when they meet with him if he becomes president—a nefarious source tells us that Trump has his own secret plan to replace the Cabinet with his Twitter followers to see if he should even go to those meetings."[306] Trump responded by criticizing the "wise-guy press release" and withdrew from the debate, instead hosting a competing event in the state designed to raise money for wounded veterans on the day of the debate.[307][308]

Trump has frequently criticized the media for writing false stories about him and referred to them as being the "worst people"[309] He has constantly called upon his supporters to be "the silent majority", apparently referencing the media.[233] At a rally in Fort Worth, Texas, in February 2016, Trump stated that if elected he would "open up our libel laws so when they write purposely negative and horrible and false articles, we can sue them and win lots of money." Trump specifically referenced the New York Times and the Washington Post.[310][311]

In a March report by the Economist Intelligence Unit forecasting global risks for the month of April,[312] due to the "moderate probability" and "high impact" of a Trump presidency, his possible presidency ranked among the top 10 risks to global stability.[313]

On April 18, at a rally in Buffalo, New York, Trump accidentally referred to the September 11 attacks as 7-Eleven. His spokeswoman, Katrina Pierson, told CNN that Trump misspoke.[314][315]

People and groups

Trump family

Trump has called his wife Melania "my pollster" and said that she supports his presidential run.[316] Melania appeared at her husband's June 2015 campaign announcement and at the Fox News debate in Cleveland.[316] She has also conducted several televised interviews and appeared at a Trump rally in South Carolina along with other family members.[317] If Trump were to become president, the Slovenian-born Melania, a naturalized U.S. citizen, would become only the second First Lady in history to be born outside the United States (after Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams).[318]

Fox News and Megyn Kelly

Trump was one of ten candidates in the main Fox News debate on August 6, 2015. At the beginning of the debate, Bret Baier asked the candidates whether, should they fail to win the Republican nomination, they would pledge not to run as an independent candidate and would support the eventual nominee. Trump was the only candidate who refused to pledge at that time. Baier questioned Trump about Obamacare,[319] Chris Wallace asked him about Mexican illegal immigrants,[320] and Megyn Kelly asked about how he would respond to a Clinton campaign saying that he was waging a "war on women".[321] Trump replied, "I think the big problem this country has is being politically correct."[322]

In a later interview with Don Lemon on CNN Tonight, Trump said that Kelly is a "lightweight" and had "blood coming out of her eyes, blood coming out of her... wherever."[323][324] Trump tweeted that his remark referred to Kelly's nose but was interpreted by critics as a reference to menstruation. [325]

Trump retained the first place after the debate, with an NBC News poll showing him at 23% support[326] and a Reuters/Ipsos poll at 24%,[327] followed by Ted Cruz at 13% and Ben Carson at 11%.[328]

In March 2015, Trump resumed his feud with Fox News and Kelly in a number of Twitter messages disparaging Kelly and calling for a boycott of her show. Fox News responded with a statement saying that Trump's "extreme, sick obsession" with Kelly "is beneath the dignity of a presidential candidate" and that the network "continue[s] to fully support her throughout every day of Trump's endless barrage of crude and sexist verbal assaults."[329][330]

Some critics have characterized Trump as a misogynist, including Mitt Romney, The Christian Post, and a group of rabbis who had planned on boycotted his speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee.[331][332][333][334] However, the planned walk out from the AIPAC speech never materialized as many rabbis decided to stay and hear Trump's speech.[335]

Veterans for a Strong America event

For more details on this topic, see Veterans for a Strong America.

The Veterans for a Strong America (VSA) organized an event for Trump on September 15, 2015.[336] According to the Associated Press, the IRS revoked the nonprofit status of the organization, and its endorsement of Trump raised campaign finance questions as corporations are restricted to donating up to US$2,700 to a campaign, but the event exceeded that amount.[336] Other concerns raised include reports that the VSA does not appear to have any members or relation with veterans.[337] According to CNN, the group "sounds like a charity" and "touted having more than a half-million supporters" but is in fact a political action group; CNN "found scant evidence" of the number of supporters claimed by the group. The group's tax-exempt status had been revoked before the event; the group is appealing.[338]

Roger Stone

Following the dust-up with Megyn Kelly, Roger Stone, Trump's veteran political adviser, left his campaign citing "controversies involving personalities and provocative media fights."[339] Despite this, Stone revealed in an interview with National Review that he is "the ultimate Trump loyalist" and remains effusive about Trump and his campaign.[340]

Lindsey Graham

On July 21, Trump publicly gave out Senator Lindsey Graham's phone number, a practice known as doxing, during a speech in South Carolina as a response to Graham calling him a "jackass".[341][342] Graham released a statement on Twitter that he would "probably [be] getting a new phone"[341] and later released a video in which he destroyed his phone.[343] Gawker subsequently released a phone number belonging to Trump,[344] and he responded by setting the phone number to play a campaign message. Trump's response was described as "brilliant" and Time magazine said, "You can't out-troll the Donald."[345][346]

Jeb Bush

The Jeb Bush–Trump dynamic was one of the most fiery relationships among the Republican contenders.[347][348] Bush's campaign spent millions of dollars on anti-Trump ads,[349][350][351] while in response Trump mocked Jeb Bush with the lasting epithet that he was "low energy".[352][353][354] During an exchange with Jeb Bush in the ninth Republican primary debate, the audience (most favoring Bush) repeatedly booed Trump.[355][356][357][358] Trump scoffed that the audience was made up of "Jeb's special interests and lobbyists".[355][359] When asked whether he remained in favor of impeachment for George W. Bush for starting the Iraq War, Trump said, "They [the George W. Bush administration] lied. They said there were weapons of mass destruction. There were none. And they knew there were none. There were no weapons of mass destruction."[360][361]

Yet, according to The Washington Post, the most telling aspect of the Bush-Trump duel may have been the fact that, "No candidate in the race was prepared for GOP voters' opposition to immigration, with the exception of Trump," and the anti-illegal immigration sentiment that Trump tapped into throughout the campaign, and, tellingly, with the Act of Love.[362]

Twitter controversies

On November 22, 2015, Trump tweeted an image containing racially charged and inaccurate crime data between blacks and whites, cited to a non-existent group.[363][364][365] The image appears to have originated with a neo-Nazi Twitter account.[366] When later asked by Bill O'Reilly about his sharing of the image, Trump confirmed that he had personally retweeted the image and said that it came from "sources that are very credible."[363] The Annenberg Public Policy Center's FactCheck.org reported that the image was a "bogus graphic" in which almost every figure was wrong, "some of them dramatically so."[363]

Trump also raised controversy by "retweeting" posts from white supremacist Twitter feeds.[367][368][369] Trump's actions were criticized by the Southern Poverty Law Center, which monitors hate groups.[370]

Jared Taylor and David Duke

Jared Taylor, a leading white nationalist who is the editor of the white supremacist magazine American Renaissance, has been an early and ardent Trump supporter. In January 2016, ahead of the Iowa caucuses, Taylor recorded a pro-Trump robocall paid for by the "American National" super PAC. Trump did not repudiate Taylor.[371][372]

On February 24, 2016, the white nationalist David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan grand dragon, said on his radio show that "voting against Donald Trump at this point, is really treason to your heritage" and that he supports Trump. Duke stated: "I'm not saying I endorse everything about Trump. In fact, I haven't formally endorsed him. But I do support his candidacy, and I support voting for him as a strategic action."[373][374] Duke said that he supported Trump in part because of his hard-line stance on immigration.[375]

In response, the Anti-Defamation League called on Trump to distance himself from white supremacists and disavow their ideology.[376][377] At a press conference on February 26, when questioned, Trump tersely disavowed himself of Duke's support. But in an interview with Jake Tapper on February 28, Trump repeatedly claimed to be ignorant of Duke and his support. Republican presidential rivals were quick to pounce on his wavering, with Senator Marco Rubio saying they make Trump un-electable. Others questioned his professed ignorance of Duke by pointing out that in 2000 Trump called him a "Klansman".[378][379] Trump later blamed the incident on a poor earpiece he was given by CNN. Later the same day Trump highlighted his previous terse disavowal of Duke in a tweet posted with a video on his Twitter account.[380]

Condemnation from Republican foreign-policy experts

An open letter from 120[381] conservative foreign-policy and national-security leaders, released in March 2016, condemned Trump as "fundamentally dishonest" and unfit to be president.[382][383] Signatories to the letter included a number of former high-level George W. Bush administration figures (such as former homeland security secretary Michael Chertoff, former deputy secretary of state Robert Zoellick, former homeland security adviser Frances Townsend and former undersecretary of defense Dov Zakheim), and others, including Eliot A. Cohen, Max Boot, and Daniel W. Drezner.[381][382][384] The signatories specifically objected to Trump's vision of American influence in the world, calling it "wildly inconsistent and unmoored in principle," and stated that "[Trump's] admiration for foreign dictators such as Vladimir Putin is unacceptable for the leader of the world's greatest democracy." The letter also stated that Trump's "embrace of the expansive use of torture is inexcusable" and that Trump's "attempts to deny positions he has unquestionably taken in the past, including on the 2003 Iraq war and the 2011 Libyan conflict" are "simply misrepresentation."[381] The signatories wrote that "as committed and loyal Republicans, we are unable to support a Party ticket with Mr. Trump at its head." Critics noted that the signers of the letter are "the exact type of establishment Republicans against whom Trump has been railing".[381]

In March 2016, another group of foreign policy experts published a letter in Foreign Policy magazine, entitled "Defending the Honor of the U.S. Military from Donald Trump," against Trump's statements that he would direct the military to torture suspected terrorists and their families and target the families of terrorists and other civilians, stating that "every reputable legal expert we know has deemed [these activities] illegal."[385] The letter was signed by both neoconservatives and prominent realists, such as Andrew J. Bacevich and Richard K. Betts.[386]

Religious community

Trump identifies as a Presbyterian and in campaign speeches has routinely praised and sometimes carried the Bible, often saying that his own book Trump: The Art of the Deal is his "second-favorite book after the Bible."[387] On occasion, Trump has "reflected a degree of indifference" to religion, causing unease among some social conservatives.[388] For example, Trump drew criticism in August 2015 after he declined to cite his favorite biblical passage;[389] has said that he does not ask God for forgiveness;[388] and at one church campaign appearance mistook the communion plate for an offering plate.[390]

Yet Trump has solicited the support of religious leaders, inviting in September 2015 dozens of Christian and Jewish leaders to his New York City offices for a meeting and laying on of hands prayer gathering.[391] Trump has praised prominent national evangelical leaders of the Christian right, including Tony Perkins and Ralph Reed,[392] and has received a blessing from Greek Orthodox priest Emmanuel Lemelson.[393] In January 2016, Trump received the endorsement of Liberty University president Jerry Falwell Jr., a prominent evangelical leader.[394]

Trump has drawn high levels of evangelical support in spite of holding political views and religious commitments at odds with many evangelicals. The New York Times reported that "one of the prime paradoxes of the 2016 election" is that "A twice-divorced candidate who has flaunted his adultery, praised Planned Parenthood and admitted to never asking for God's forgiveness is the favorite of the Christian right."[395] Jonathan Merritt, writing in the The Atlantic, stated that although Trump is "immodest, arrogant, foul-mouthed, money-obsessed, thrice-married, and until recently, pro-choice," he appealed to "growing anti-establishment sentiments held by many evangelical Christians."[396]

Conversely, some Christian religious leaders have critiqued Trump. After finishing a trip to the U.S.-Mexico border, Pope Francis, the leader of the Catholic Church, asked about Trump's proposal to build a large border wall, said: "A person who thinks only about building walls — wherever they may be — and not building bridges, is not Christian. This is not in the Gospel. As far as ... whether I would advise to vote or not to vote, I am not going to get involved in that. I say only that this man is not Christian if he said things like that."[397] Trump then called the pope's comments "disgraceful."[397] The Holy See Press Office later said that the pope's comments were "in no way a personal attack" but instead were a general comment on Catholic social teaching that was "not at all a specific question, limited to this case."[398]

Other figures have made more direct religious-based critiques of Trump, including from the American Christian right. Russell D. Moore, the head of the Southern Baptist Convention's public-policy arm, the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, is a prominent Trump critic and has argued that Christians should vote for a conservative third party or independent candidates if Trump wins the nomination.[399][400] On the Christian left, preacher and New York Daily News columnist Shaun King has criticized Trump's racially charged rhetoric as inconsistent with Christianity, arguing that "his words stand in stark contrast to the compassionate Christ of the Bible."[401] Two sociologists of religion at Baylor University wrote that support for Trump does not square with Christian commitment, arguing that Trump lacks compassion, appeals to fear and anger, tells public falsehoods, and fails to model Christian virtues such as sacrifice, altruism, and charity.[402]

Hispanic and Latino Americans

Trump's popularity among Hispanic and Latino Americans is low; a nationwide survey conducted in February 2016 showed that some 80% of Hispanic voters had an unfavorable view of Trump (including 70% who have a "very unfavorable" view), more than double the percentage of any other Republican candidate.[403] These low rankings are attributed to Trump's anti-illegal immigrant rhetoric.[403][404][405] Alarm at Trump's rise has prompted an increase in the number of eligible Latino immigrants who have chosen to naturalize to vote against Trump.[405] Despite his poor national standing with Hispanic and Latino Americans, he constantly garners higher numbers from them than each of his Republican rivals, along with other minority groups.[199][200] At the same time, Trump has received pockets of Hispanic support, winning around 45 percent (plus or minus 10 percentage points) of the Hispanic Republican vote in the Nevada Republican caucuses (where about 8% of Republican caucus-goers were Hispanic),[406][407] and receiving some support among Cuban Americans in Florida.[408]

Women

There is a large gender gap in support for Trump, with women significantly less likely to express support than men.[409][410] Trump has a history of making a number of sexist comments about women during his campaign.[411][412] A poll in March 2016 showed women favoring Hillary Clinton 55% to 35% over Trump.[413]

Conservative movement

Trump's populist political positions which favor protecting Social Security and Medicare while increasing taxes on wealthy hedge fund managers differ from those of establishment Republican positions which favor tax cuts and reform of entitlements.[5][414][415] Rush Limbaugh, while clearly favoring Ted Cruz, relishes the degree to which Trump has exposed the conservative establishment as an elitist self-interested clique.[416][417] National Review, on the other hand, strongly opposes him—releasing a January 2016 special issue "Against Trump" in opposition to Trump's bid for the presidency.[418][419][420] National Review has continued with publishing opinion, by Kevin D. Williamson denouncing the communities that support Trump.[421][422]

James Kirchick, also writing in National Review, accused Trump of mainstreaming "white racial grievance."[422]

There is a split of opinion regarding Trump among conservative commentators, some of whom, such as John Feehery of the lobbying firm Quinn Gillespie & Associates, say, "if it weren't for all the idiotic and racist comments, he would be kind of a breath of fresh air. ... He's someone who wants to get stuff done—a politician who's not beholden to any kind of ideology, not beholden to special interests. I don't think he is George Wallace in his heart of hearts. He's not a strategic threat to the future of the republic. He's just a buffoon and a political opportunist", while others, such as William Kristol, publisher of The Weekly Standard, do consider Trump to be a serious threat to the republic and to the conservative movement. Newt Gingrich sees him a positive force, saying, "Make America Great Again" means your children shouldn't be killed, your schools should actually work, there should be jobs in your neighborhood. I think that would shatter the fabric of the Democratic Party, and expose the degree to which they have exploited poor people without actually helping them. I think it would be very healthy for America."[423]

Support base

Trump's strongest pockets of support are among working and middle-class white male voters with annual incomes of less than $50,000 and no college degree.[421] In contrast to higher-income, college-educated voters, this group, particularly those with less than a high-school education, has suffered a decline in their income in recent years.[424] According to the Washington Post, support for Trump is higher in areas with a higher mortality rate for middle-age white people.[425]

A large sample of interviews with more than 11,000 Republican-leaning respondents from August to December 2015 found that Trump finds the most support in West Virginia, followed by New York, and then followed by six Southern states.[426] As of April 17 Buchanan County, Virginia is the county where Trump garnered the highest percentage of the vote with 69.7%.[427]

According to one study, support for Trump by voters is correlated positively with factors (in order of statistical significance) (1) being white and having no high school diploma; (2) reporting their ethnicity as "American" on the census; (3) living in a mobile home; (4) having a job in agriculture, construction, manufacturing or trade; (5) having a history of voting for segregationists such as George Wallace in 1968; (6) being born in the United States and being an evangelical Christian. It is correlated negatively with (1) participation in the labor force; (2) a history of voting for liberal Republicans and (3) having protestant European ancestry.[428]

Campaign misstatements

In December 2015, Politifact named "the many campaign misstatements of Donald Trump" as its "2015 Lie of the Year," noting at the time that 76 percent of Trump statements rated by the factchecking website were rated "Mostly False, False or Pants on Fire," more than any other politician.[429][430] Norman Ornstein, a scholar at the conservative American Enterprise Institute, has said that "Trump came into an environment that was ripe for bombastic, inflammatory, outrageous statements without having to suffer the consequences," citing the rise of partisan media, popular desensitization to inflammatory rhetoric, and "the assault on science and expertise" as contributing factors.[429]

In March 2016, a group of three reporters at Politico Magazine analyzed 4.6 hours of Trump stump speeches and press conferences over a five-day period and found "more than five dozen statements deemed mischaracterizations, exaggerations, or simply false".[431]

Tiananmen Square

During the Republican debate on March 10, Trump stirred controversy by saying that the Chinese government's 1989 massacre of unarmed civilians in Tiananmen Square was "horrible" and "vicious" but also "shows you the power of strength." When challenged, he claimed he was not endorsing the massacre and proceeded to characterize the protest as a riot: "I was not endorsing it. I said that is a strong, powerful government that put it down with strength. And then they kept down the riot. It was a horrible thing. It doesn't mean at all I was endorsing it."[432]

Historical analogies

Historical comparisons in American politics

Historians Donald T. Critchlow and Niall Ferguson and political scientist Daniel Klinghard have compared Trump to William Jennings Bryan, a populist who won the 1896 Democratic nomination "after his demagogic "Cross of Gold" speech in which he denounced the gold standard."[433][434][435] Scholars and observers have also compared Trump to figures as varied as Andrew Jackson,[436][437][438][439] Joseph McCarthy,[440][441] Father Charles Coughlin,[440][442][443] Jesse Ventura,[440][444] Huey Long,[436][440][445] Richard Nixon,[446][447][448] George Wallace,[449][450] Charles Lindbergh,[451] Nelson Rockefeller,[436] and relatively recent presidential aspirants H. Ross Perot and Patrick J. Buchanan.[440]

Fascism comparisons

Columbia University professor emeritus Robert O. Paxton, a scholar of fascism, has cited a number of parallels between Trump's campaign and the fascist movements of the 20th century, including "nationalism, aggressive foreign policy, attacks on the enemies inside and out without much regard for due process"; an obsession with perceived national decline; and the belief that the country needs a strong leader.[452] Paxton has stated that Trump "shows a rather alarming willingness to use fascist themes and fascist styles"[453] but has also said that "there are many ways in which Trump differs from the fascists."[452] Paxton and other fascism scholars, including Roger Griffin and Stanley G. Payne, classify Trump as a right-wing populist rather than a neo-fascist.[454]

Former president of Mexico Vicente Fox asserted Trump was a fascist, while New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio described Trump as a "proto-fascist".[455][456] Others disagreed; John Cassidy of the New Yorker wrote that Trump was not a fascist, but rather was "the latest representative of an anti-immigrant, nativist American tradition that dates back at least to the Know-Nothings" of the 1840s and 1850s,"[457] while Max Ehrenfreund of the Washington Post wrote that Trump was not a fascist because, among other things, his message was individualist rather than collectivist and he has not "called for suspending the U.S. Constitution."[458] Gianni Riotta wrote in The Atlantic that Trump's "xenophobic rhetoric, his demagoguery, and his populist appeals to citizens' economic anxieties certainly borrow from the fascist playbook" but that she was "dead sure" that Trump is not a fascist because he has no "rational, violent plan to obliterate democracy." Riotta commented that the "fascist" label unfairly "indicts [Trump's] supporters, who have real grievances that mainstream politicians ignore at their peril."[459]

Hitler and Mussolini comparisons

On Saturday, March 5, 2016, at a rally in Orlando, Florida, and in rallies since, Trump asked the crowd to raise their right hand to pledge their commitment to voting for him in the upcoming primaries. Afterwards Trump said "Don't forget you all raised your hands. You swore. Bad things happen if you don't live up to what you just did." before continuing with his speech.[460] As photos of the pledge circulated online, many pointed out the visual seemed reminiscent of scenes from Nazi Germany.[461][462] Former Anti-Defamation League leader Abe Foxman said that Trump was knowingly evoking fascist symbolism at his rallies.[463] Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto also compared Trump's rhetoric to that of Hitler and Mussolini in an interview with Mexican newspaper Excélsior.[464][465][466]

On March 8, Trump was asked about the comparisons on The Today Show and Morning Joe. He responded on The Today Show by saying,

I don't know about the Hitler comparison. I haven't heard that, but it's a terrible comparison. I'm not happy about that certainly.[467] Well, I think it's ridiculous. I mean, we're having such a great time. Sometimes, we'll do it for fun. They'll start screaming at me: 'Do the swearing! Do the swearing!' I mean, they're having such a great time. ... Honestly, until this phone call, I didn't know it was a problem.[467][468]

When asked if he would stop asking for the pledge, Trump responded by saying that he would look into the matter.[467][469][470]

On February 28, Trump re-tweeted a Mussolini quote that had been posted from a parody account. When informed that the source of the quote was Mussolini, Trump responded that the origin of the quote made no difference.[471]

Comparisons to fictional characters

Pulitzer-winning columnist Kathleen Parker and others have likened Trump to Berzelius "Buzz" Windrip, the nativist demagogue in Sinclair Lewis' 1935 political novel It Can't Happen Here.[472][473][474][475] Dwight Garner and other commentators have compared him to Willie Stark, the central character in Robert Penn Warren's 1946 novel All the King's Men.[476][477][478]

Campaign finances

Percentage of the Republican primary or caucus vote received by Trump by state or territory.
  0.0–9.9%
  10.0–19.9%
  20.0–29.9%
  30.0–39.9%
  40.0–49.9%
  50.0%+

As of January 31, 2016, the Trump campaign had received $7.5 million in donations from individuals, $250,318 donated directly by Donald Trump himself, and a $17.78-million loan from the candidate.[479] The loaned amount can be repaid to Trump as other donations arrive.[479] According to reports to the FEC, the campaign had $1.9 million on hand as of February 20.[480]

Trump has said: "I am self-funding my campaign and therefore I will not be controlled by the donors, special interests and lobbyists who have corrupted our politics and politicians for far too long. I have disavowed all super PACs, requested the return of all donations made to said PACs, and I am calling on all presidential candidates to do the same."[16][17][481] Politifact reports that Trump's claims that he is "self-funding" his campaign are "half-true." By the end of 2015, Trump's campaign had raised $19.4 million, with almost $13 million (about 66%) coming in the form of a loan from Trump himself and the remainder (34%) coming from others' contributions.[482]

The announcement came a day after a main super PAC backing Trump closed amid scrutiny about its relationship to the campaign itself.[109][110] Although Trump attended at least two Make America Great Again Super PAC fundraising events, including one at the home of his daughter Ivanka's in-laws,[109] he later said he never gave his endorsement to the super PAC or any of the other eight super PACs supporting his run.[483][484] In addition to a $100,000 donation from Ivanka Trump's mother-in-law, the Make America Great Again super PAC accepted $1 million in seed money from casino mogul and longtime Trump business partner Phil Ruffin who, according to FEC filings, gave the money just two weeks after the super PAC was established; the super PAC spent about $500,000 on polling, consulting, and legal expenses before shutting down in the wake of Washington Post coverage.[108] Trump has told campaign crowds he does not want monetary donations and criticized other candidates for accepting PAC financing.[110]

Political positions

Trump has stated that he is a "conservative Republican".[485] From an external perspective, German Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel has termed Trump a right-wing populist similar to Marine Le Pen, Geert Wilders or Silvio Berlusconi.[486]

Endorsements

See also

Notes

References

  1. "Candidate (P80001571) Summary Reports – 2016 Cycle". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved March 16, 2016. 
  2. Heather Long, Donald Trump trademarks 'Make America Great Again', CNN Money (October 8, 2015).
  3. "Donald Trump Presidential Campaign Announcement". CSPAN. June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  4. Jonah Goldberg (August 19, 2015). "Donald Trump & Bernie Sanders -- America's Populist Backlash - National Review Online". National Review. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "How Trump Exposed the Tea Party". POLITICO Magazine. For years the Republican elite has gotten away with promoting policies about trade and entitlements that are the exact opposites of the policies favored by much of their electoral base. Populist conservatives who want to end illegal immigration, tax the rich, protect Social Security and Medicare, and fight fewer foreign wars have been there all along. It’s just that mainstream pundits and journalists, searching for a libertarian right more to their liking (and comprehension), refused to see them before the Summer of Trump. 
  6. "Nativism And Economic Anxiety Fuel Trump's Populist Appeal". NPR. September 4, 2015. 
  7. Chris Lehmann (August 22, 2015). "Donald Trump and the Long Tradition of American Populism". Newsweek. 
  8. Philip Bump (December 4, 2015). "Why Donald Trump's big advantage among those without college degrees is important". The Washington Post. 
  9. Adam Sexton (January 5, 2016). "Donald Trump touts poll results to crowd in Claremont". WMUR. 
  10. "Donald Trump blasts Barack Obama, touts poll numbers". 
  11. Jennifer Agiesta (July 26, 2015). "CNN/ORC poll: Trump elbows his way to the top". CNN.
  12. "RealClearPolitics - Election 2016 - 2016 Republican Presidential Nomination". 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Trump tops CNN poll of 2016 Republicans, says he leads 'movement'". Reuters. July 26, 2015. 
  14. Reals, Tucker (March 10, 2016). "What the world thinks: Foreign leaders react to Trump". CBS News. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  15. Dorell, Oren; Durando, Jessica (March 16, 2016). "Like 'Hitler'? How world leaders see Donald Trump". USA Today. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Donald Trump Says Super PACs Should Give Money Back, Criticizes Opponents For Campaign Finance". International Business Times. October 23, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2016. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Johnson, Jenna (October 23, 2015). "Donald Trump tells super PACs supporting his candidacy to return all money to donors". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  18. "Trump to Megyn Kelly: I Don't Have Time For Political Correctness and Neither Does This Country". realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  19. Itkowitz, Colby (December 9, 2015). "Donald Trump says we're all too politically correct. But is that also a way to limit speech?". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  20. "Donald J. Trump Statement On Preventing Muslim Immigration" (Press Release). donaldjtrump.com. December 7, 2015. 
  21. "Donald Trump takes on Clinton, Bush and the Pope". CNN. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  22. See:
  23. Nguyen, Tina (March 11, 2016). "Donald Trump's Rallies Are Becoming Increasingly Violent". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  24. Jacobs, Ben (March 11, 2016). "Trump campaign dogged by violent incidents at rallies". The Guardian. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  25. "Trump’s Arizona Rallies Marked By Violence, Protests". March 21, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 
  26. "‘Are They Going To Kill Me?:’ Trump Supporter Talks About Being Injured During Melee". April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 
  27. Horwitz, Jeff (27 Feb 2016). "Trump wants to weaken libel laws amid feuds with reporters". Associated Press. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  28. Ferris, Sarah (28 Feb 2016). "Trump doubles down on promise to 'open up' libel laws". The Hill. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  29. "Republican Convention". The Green Papers. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  30. Smith, Kyle (May 30, 2015). "Stop pretending — Donald Trump is not running for president". New York Post. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  31. Madison, Lucy (October 4, 2010) "Donald Trump for President in 2012?", CBS News. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  32. Zwick, Jesse (October 4, 2010) "Donald Trump for President?", The Washington Independent.
  33. "Donald Trump Ran for President in 2000 in Several Reform Party Primaries". Ballot Access News. Richard Wagner. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  34. "Trump: Reform Party 'A Total Mess'". Chicago Tribune. February 14, 2000. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  35. "Trump in '04: 'I probably identify more as Democrat'". CNN. July 22, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  36. MacAskill, Ewen (May 16, 2011). "Donald Trump bows out of 2012 US presidential election race". The Guardian. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  37. Diamond, Jeremy (June 16, 2015). "Trump jumps in: The Donald's latest White House run is officially on". CNN. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  38. Gibson, David (February 11, 2011).Donald Trump, Family Values Conservative -- Believe It or Not. Politics Daily. Archived July 1, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  39. Milbank, Dana (February 13, 2011). "The Donald trumps the pols at CPAC". The Washington Post. 
  40. "Political Leaders: Donald Trump On the issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  41. Jaime Fuller (April 12, 2014). "Ted Cruz and Rand Paul are the big draws at the Freedom Summit". The Washington Post. 
  42. "Donald Trump Freedom Summit - Video". C-SPAN.org. 
  43. "Trump bashes, boasts, and curses in first major Tea Party speech". CNN. April 16, 2011. 
  44. Elspeth Reeve (February 23, 2012)."Most Americans Now Think Auto Bailout Was a Good Idea". Thewire.com.
  45. Meghashyam Mali, Trump threatens to 'break' trade pact with Mexico, Canada, The Hill (September 26, 2015).
  46. Kazin, Matthew (June 3, 2015). Donald Trump: I Would Be the Jobs President. FoxBusiness.
  47. Fletcher, Ian (April 19, 2011).Why Donald Trump Is Right on Trade
  48. Evans, Kelly (April 19, 2011)."Trump: If President I Would Tariff China at 25%?. The Wall Street Journal.
  49. Learsy, Raymond J. (April 20, 2011)."When It Comes to Gas Prices Donald Trump Trumps the Field". The Huffington Post.
  50. Censky, Annalyn (February 10, 2011).Trump: U.S. is a 'laughing stock'. CNN.
  51. Haberman, Maggie (March 7, 2011).Trump tops Romney, Pawlenty. WNBC.
  52. Schoen, Douglas (February 21, 2011). "Obama Hits 50 Percent Approval Rating, According to New Newsweek/Daily Beast Poll". Newsweek / Daily Beast Company LLC. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  53. Shadid, Aliyah (April 15, 2011)."Donald Trump takes lead in GOP primary poll, beats Romney, Huckabee, Palin, Gingrich, Bachmann, Paul". Daily News (New York). Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  54. "Public Policy Polling" (PDF). Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  55. "Donald Trump Places Sixth On Gallup's 'Most Admired' List". The Huffington Post, December 28, 2011.
  56. "Donald Trump to address CPAC". Yahoo! News. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  57. "Trump researching 2016 Run". New York Post. May 27, 2013.
  58. Spector, Joseph (October 14, 2013). "N.Y. Republicans want Donald Trump to run for governor". USA Today. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  59. Feely, Paul (February 27, 2015). "Trump won't renew 'Apprentice' so that he might focus on a presidential run". New Hampshire Union Leader.
  60. Full text: Donald Trump announces a presidential bid. The Washington Post, June 16, 2015.
  61. 61.0 61.1 Reid J. Epstein (June 16, 2015).Donald Trump Enters 2016 Presidential Race. The Wall Street Journal.
  62. 62.0 62.1 John Santucci and Veronica Stracqualursi (June 16, 2015). Donald Trump Announces 2016 Presidential Campaign: 'We Are Going Make our Country Great Again'. ABC News.
  63. Susan Page (June 16, 2015).This time, Donald Trump says he's running. USA Today.
  64. TIME Staff (June 16, 2015). "Here’s Donald Trump’s Presidential Announcement Speech". TIME Magazine. 
  65. [60][61][62][61][62][63] In the speech, Trump drew attention to domestic issues such as illegal immigration, offshoring of American jobs, the U.S. national debt, and Islamic terrorism, in a campaign strongly emphasized by the slogan "Make America Great Again."[64]
  66. Adam B. Lerner (June 16, 2015). "The 10 best lines from Donald Trump's announcement speech". Politico. 
  67. 67.0 67.1 Epstein, Reid J., ed. (June 16, 2015). "Donald Trump Transcript: 'Our Country Needs a Truly Great Leader' - Washington Wire - WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  68. Leibovich, Mark (September 29, 2015). "Donald Trump Is Not Going Anywhere Where does his political adventure end? "I have no idea. But I'm here now. And it's beautiful."". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  69. 69.0 69.1 "Donald Trump: It's 'Okay' To Call Undocumented Immigrants 'Rapists'". The Huffington Post. July 12, 2015. 
  70. Jonathan Capehart (June 17, 2015). "Donald Trump's 'Mexican rapists' rhetoric will keep the Republican Party out of the White House". The Washington Post. 
  71. "NBC dumps Donald Trump - Business Insider". Business Insider. June 29, 2015. 
  72. Jo Tuckman. "Divided Mexico unites against Trump: 'He has no respect for human beings'". The Guardian. 
  73. Sally Kohn, CNN Political Commentator (June 17, 2015). "Kohn: Trump's outrageous Mexico remarks - CNN". CNN. 
  74. Chris Moody, CNN Senior Digital Correspondent (July 7, 2015). "Donald Trump digs in on immigration". CNN. 
  75. "Trump stands by statements on Mexican illegal immigrants, surprised by backlash". Fox News Channel. July 4, 2015. 
  76. "Donald Trump's epic statement on Mexico - Business Insider". Business Insider. July 6, 2015. 
  77. Ries, Al (July 15, 2015). "Is There a Marketing Lesson to Be Learned From Donald Trump?". Advertising Age. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  78. "Donald Trump: I didn't expect business backlash to be "quite this severe"". CBS News. July 4, 2015. 
  79. "Santorum praises Trump's focus on immigration". CBS News. July 5, 2015. 
  80. "NASCAR Distances Itself From Donald Trump After Immigrant "Rapist" Remarks". Yahoo!. July 3, 2015. 
  81. Givhan, Robin (July 1, 2015). "Macy's will end business relationship with Donald Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2015. 
  82. Stelter, Brian (June 25, 2015). "Univision dumps Trump, cancels Miss USA over his comments about Mexicans". CNN. Retrieved July 5, 2015. 
  83. Bauder, David (June 29, 2015). "NBC to Donald Trump: You're fired; Televisa drops pageant". Associated Press. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  84. [69][70][71][72][73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83]
  85. "Jeb Bush: Donald Trump's Immigration Remarks Offensive". The Huffington Post. July 4, 2015. 
  86. "What Scott Walker Would Tell Donald Trump On a Debate Stage". Yahoo Screen. July 13, 2015. 
  87. 87.0 87.1 Ali Breland (July 3, 2015). "Cruz announces $51 million fundraising haul". Politico. 
  88. Andrew Rafferty. "Bernie Sanders: Trump's Immigration Comments 'An Outrage'". NBC News. 
  89. 89.0 89.1 "Hillary Clinton to Donald Trump: 'Basta! Enough!'". ABC News. 
  90. [85][86][87][88][89]
  91. "Election 2016: Donald Trump doubles down on Mexican immigrant remarks". CBS News. July 6, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  92. "Donald Trump Goes After Immigrants Again, Claiming To Have Facts". The Huffington Post. July 1, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  93. "Will Donald Trump move the needle on the immigration debate?". CBS News. July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  94. [91][69][92][93][89]
  95. "Trump riffs on policy, slams Hillary Clinton in Iowa". Desmoinesregister.com. June 17, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  96. "Is Donald Trump for real in his campaign for president? New Hampshire thinks so - Metro". Boston Globe. July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  97. Brandon Gunnoe (June 17, 2015). "Donald Trump kicks off campaign in New Hampshire - 7News Boston WHDH-TV". Whdh.com. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  98. [95][96][97]
  99. Los Angeles Times[dead link]
  100. "Campaigning in Las Vegas, Trump doubles down on immigration stance - Las Vegas Sun News". Lasvegassun.com. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  101. "Border agents cancel meeting with Trump and he's not happy". 
  102. "Donald Trump wealth details released by federal regulators". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on August 1, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  103. Executive Branch Personnel Public Financial Disclosure Report (U.S. OGE Form 278e). Bloomberg Businessweek. July 15, 2015.
  104. "The government just released a document detailing Donald Trump's alleged $10 billion fortune". Bloomberg Business. 
  105. "Sparks fly at opening of GOP debate as Trump won't pledge no independent run". Fox News Channel. August 6, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  106. Allen, Mike; Schreckinger, Ben; Karni, Annie (September 3, 2015). "Trump calls GOP's bluff, The front-runner says he was promised nothing in return for signing the loyalty pledge.". Politico. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  107. Wells, Nicholas - Did Time Magazine Just Doom the Donald?, CNBC, August 21, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  108. 108.0 108.1 Gold, Matea (February 4, 2016). "Longtime Trump friend seeded pro-Trump super PAC with $1 million". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2016. 
  109. 109.0 109.1 109.2 Gold, Matea; Hamburger, Tom; Johnson, Jenna (October 18, 2015). "The inside story of Trump campaign's connections to a big-money super PAC". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  110. 110.0 110.1 110.2 Gold, Matea; Hamburger, Tom (October 20, 2015). "New ties emerge between Trump operation and super PAC". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  111. "Trump attacks McCain: 'I like people who weren't captured'". 
  112. "Trump on John McCain: 'I like people who weren't captured'". Associated Press. July 18, 2015. 
  113. 113.0 113.1 Brian Powers (July 19, 2015).Trump: Politicians like McCain ‘have totally failed’. Des Moines Register.
  114. Martin, Jonathan; Rappeport, Alan (July 18, 2015). "Donald Trump Says John McCain Is No War Hero, Setting Off Another". The New York Times. 
  115. Looking Back at Donald Trump’s 2015
  116. "MMcCain: Trump doesn't owe me an apology". MSNBC. July 20, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  117. Sam Frizell (July 20, 2015). "John McCain Says Donald Trump Owes Veterans an Apology". Time. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  118. "Donald Trump Says He Does Not Owe John McCain Apology". Yahoo!. July 20, 2015. 
  119. David Rogers (July 19, 2015). "Donald Trump evades specifics on his draft deferment". POLITICO. 
  120. Donald Trump avoided Vietnam with deferments, records show. "cbsnews.com". Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  121. Sharyl Attkisson (July 18, 2015). Fact Check: The Washington Post on Donald Trump and John McCain. SharylAttkisson.com.
  122. "Trump: I called McCain a 'hero' four times". @politifact. 
  123. Benjy Sarlin. "GOPers denounce Donald Trump amid fiery feud with John McCain". MSNBC. 
  124. Theodore Schleifer and Ashley Killough, CNN (July 2, 2015). "Pataki seeks to pressure GOP field over Trump comments". CNN. 
  125. "Donald Trump: Mexico going to pay for wall". CNBC. October 28, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  126. 126.0 126.1 "Donald Trump just released an epic statement raging against Mexican immigrants and 'disease'". Business Insider. July 6, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  127. "Donald Trump emphasizes plans to build 'real' wall at Mexico border". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. August 19, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  128. "Donald Trump "es un político que desconoce su realidad": Meade" (in spanish). CNN. June 17, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  129. "White House contenders Trump, Bush in virtual dead heat: Reuters/Ipsos poll". Reuters. July 11, 2015. 
  130. "Trump: RNC call was 'congratulatory'". CNN. July 9, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  131. M. J. Lee and Pat St. Claire. (July 12, 2012).Trump draws thousands in Phoenix, continues immigration theme. CNN.
  132. Brother: Trump is sensationalizing sister's death, CNN (July 15, 2015).
  133. Meg Wagner, Kate Steinle’s brother slams Donald Trump for 'sensationalizing' San Francisco murder, Daily News (New York) (July 15, 2015).
  134. Mark Hensch (July 1, 2015).GOP rep defends Trump's Mexico, rape remarks. The Hill.
  135. 135.0 135.1 Mark Hensch (July 9, 2015).Ex-Arizona gov: Trump telling it like it is. The Hill.
  136. "Donald Trump's Blinding Achievement - The Rush Limbaugh Show". Rushlimbaugh.com. July 8, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  137. "Is the Silent Majority with Trump? - The Rush Limbaugh Show". Rushlimbaugh.com. July 7, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  138. "See, Trump Told You So - The Rush Limbaugh Show". Rushlimbaugh.com. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  139. "Donald Trump 2016: Tired of Political correctness - POLITICO". POLITICO. 
  140. "Brewer On Trump's 'Rapists' Remark: He's 'Telling It Like It Really, Truly Is'". Talkingpointsmemo.com. July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  141. Rush Limbaugh (July 10, 2010).Report Proves Trump Right on Illegal Alien Crime Numbers. Rush Limbaugh.com Premiere Radio Networks.
  142. Stelter, Brian (June 25, 2015). "Univision dumps Trump, cancels Miss USA over his comments about Mexicans". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  143. Littleton, Cynthia (June 30, 2015). "Donald Trump Files US$500 Million Lawsuit Against Univision Over Miss USA Contract". Variety. Retrieved July 2, 2015. 
  144. "NBC Cuts Business Ties with Donald Trump Over Immigration Remarks". NBC News. June 29, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  145. "NBC fires Trump, drops pageants over candidate's insults to Mexicans". Reuters. June 30, 2015. 
  146. Smith, Gerry (June 30, 2015). "Televisa Cuts Ties to Donald Trump Following NBC, Univision". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  147. "Carlos Slim y Televisa cancelan proyectos con Donald Trump". BBC Mundo. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  148. Estevez, Dolia (June 30, 2015). "Carlos Slim's Ora TV Severs Ties With Donald Trump, Calling His Remarks About Immigrants "Racist"". Forbes. Retrieved July 4, 2015. 
  149. Natalie Tadena (July 2, 2015).Donald Trump’s Miss USA Pageant Lands on Reelz Cable Channel. The Wall Street Journal.
  150. "Los comentarios de Trump, injustos e hirientes, dice Paulina Veg" (in spanish). CNN. July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  151. "Donald Trump llama hipócrita a Miss Universo Colombiana". El País (in spanish). July 5, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2015. 
  152. "Paulina Vega no 'abdicará' como reina ante Donald Trump" (in spanish). Univision.com. July 6, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  153. "Mexico won't send representative to Miss Universe pageant after Televisa pulls out". FOX. June 30, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  154. "Panama snubs Miss Universe pageant in response to Trump's remarks". FOX. July 4, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  155. "Costa Rica no enviará concursante a Miss Universo" (in spanish). Univision.com. July 1, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015. 
  156. "Macy's Cuts Ties with Trump: 'No Tolerance for Discrimination'". NBC News. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  157. "Serta Mattress Maker Latest to Dump Trump". NBC News. 
  158. "NASCAR Distances Itself From Donald Trump After Remarks". NBC News. Associated Press. July 3, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2015. 
  159. Megan Nicolai and Martin Wisckol (July 7, 2015). "ESPN cuts ties with Donald Trump, so Pelican Hill in Newport Beach gains celebrity golf tournament". Orange County Register.
  160. "Exclusive: Donald Trump's companies have sought visas to import at least 1,100 workers". Reuters. August 2, 2015. 
  161. Charles V. Bagli and Megan Twohey (February 25, 2016). "Donald Trump Taps Foreign Work Force for His Florida Club". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  162. Pew Poll: 59% of Americans Oppose US-Mexico Wall
  163. 163.0 163.1 Hillyard, Vaughn. "Trump's plan for a Muslim database draws comparison to Nazi Germany". MSNBC. Retrieved November 23, 2015. 
  164. "Donald Trump Calls for Surveillance of 'Certain Mosques' and a Syrian Refugee Database". The New York Times. Retrieved November 23, 2015. 
  165. 165.0 165.1 Lauren Carroll, Fact-checking Trump's claim that thousands in New Jersey cheered when World Trade Center tumbled, Politifact (November 22, 2015).
  166. Jordyn Phelps, Donald Trump Again Says He Saw Cheering in New Jersey on 9/11, ABC News (November 22, 2015).
  167. Lauren Carroll New information doesn't fix Donald Trump's 9/11 claim, Politifact (December 2, 2015).
  168. Brent Johnson, Trump: 'Thousands' in Jersey City cheered on 9/11 (VIDEO), The Star-Ledger (November 22, 2015).
  169. Johnson, Jenna (December 7, 2015). "Trump calls for 'total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States'". The Washington Post. 
  170. "Trump's Muslim ban call 'endangers US security'". BBC News. December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015. 
  171. "David Cameron criticises Donald Trump 'Muslim ban' call". BBC News. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  172. "Trump's Plan to Bar Muslims Is Widely Condemned Abroad". The New York Times. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  173. Gowen, Annie. "British, French leaders join world condemnation of Trump's proposed ban on Muslims entering U.S.". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 8, 2015. 
  174. Stone, Jon (December 9, 2015). "Nigel Farage says Donald Trump's policy of banning Muslim immigration to the US is 'a political mistake too far'". The Independent. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  175. Vale, Paul (December 11, 2015). "Donald Trump's Muslim Travel Ban Is Too Much Even For France's Marine Le Pen". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  176. LoBianco, Tom (December 10, 2015). "Trump 'postpones' Israel trip after Netanyahu criticism". CNN. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  177. Nia-Malika Henderson, Senior Political Reporter (December 8, 2015). "Is GOP ready to unite against Trump for his Muslim ban?". CNN. 
  178. Theodore Schleifer (December 8, 2015). "Donald Trump's Muslim travel ban plan criticized by GOP chairs". CNN. 
  179. Frances Perraudin, Vikram Dodd and Angelique Chrisafis (December 8, 2015). "Met blasts Donald Trump for 'London police in fear' claim". The Guardian. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  180. Thomson, Jason. "Donald Trump didn't get banned from UK, but he was called a 'wazzock'". The Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  181. "Donald Trump wins more support in US as petition to ban him from the UK passes half million signatures". The Daily Telegraph. December 11, 2015. 
  182. "Trump UK ban petition passes 370,000 signatures". BBC News. December 10, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  183. "Trump called a racist and buffoon as Parliament debates banning him from Britain". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  184. "Donald Trump debate: Ban risks making tycoon a 'martyr'". BBC News. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  185. "British lawmakers debate banning Trump after Muslim comments". Reuters. January 19, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  186. Jenna Johnson; Jose A. DelReal (February 20, 2016). "Trump tells story about killing terrorists with bullets dipped in pigs' blood, though there's no proof of it". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  187. LIAM STACK (February 22, 2016). "Trump's Remarks on Pigs' Blood Elicit Challenge From Sister of Chapel Hill Victim". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  188. Jeremy Diamond (February 20, 2016). "Trump cites story of general who dipped bullets in pigs' blood to deter Muslims". CNN. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  189. Tessa Berenson (February 24, 2016). "The Real Story Behind Donald Trump's Pig's Blood Slander". Time. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  190. * Adam Sexton (January 5, 2016). "Donald Trump touts poll results to crowd in Claremont". WMUR. 
  191. Brett LoGiurato – "Hillary Clinton Just Got More Awful Poll News – and There's Now an Opening for Joe Biden", Business Insider, August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  192. Colin Campbell (July 9, 2015).Donald Trump has surged to the top of 2 new 2016 polls. Business Insider.
  193. "Donald Trump leads GOP field in latest poll". Politico. July 14, 2015. 
  194. Balz, Dan (July 20, 2015). "Poll: Trump surges to big lead in GOP presidential race". The Washington Post. 
  195. Jennifer Agiesta, CNN Polling Director (July 26, 2015). "CNN/ORC poll: Trump elbows his way to the top". CNN. 
  196. "Election 2016: CBS News poll – Donald Trump leads GOP field in race for the presidency". CBS News. August 4, 2015. 
  197. Jennifer Agiesta - "CNN/ORC Poll: Donald Trump now Competitive in General Election", CNN, August 19, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015
  198. Brett LoGiurato - "Hillary Clinton Just Got More Awful Poll News -- and There's Now an Opening for Joe Biden", Business Insider, August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  199. 199.0 199.1 http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times. "Donald Trump could win over Hispanics who fear job competition from illegal immigrants". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  200. 200.0 200.1 200.2 "SurveyUSA Election Poll #22490". surveyusa.com. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  201. Helm, Angela Bronner. "National Black Republican Association Endorses Donald Trump for President". The Root. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  202. Barbaro, Michael; Corrales, John (November 30, 2015). "Donald Trump Courts Black Pastors, Claiming 'Great Love' in Meeting". The New York Times - First Draft. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  203. Martin, Jonathan (December 1, 2015). "Wary of Donald Trump, G.O.P. Leaders Are Caught in a Standoff". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  204. See "Anxiety, Nostalgia, and Mistrust: Findings from the 2015 American Values Survey". Public Religion Research Institute. November 17, 2015. 
    As quoted by
    "Pessimism of white evangelical Americans is boon for Donald Trump". Christian Today. December 4, 2015. Half of all Americans now believe the country's best days are behind it, and this belief is particularly strong among white, evangelical Christians. This is one of the beliefs that Republican frontrunner Trump is capitalising on in his campaign and helps explain why he is doing so well. The pessimism about the state of the country is reflected in raised levels of concern about crime, racial tensions and immigration, the survey reports. 
  205. Galston, William A. (November 17, 2015). "Trump Rides a Blue-Collar Wave". Wall Street Journal Column. 
  206. Moyer, Justin W. (August 12, 2015). "CNN highlights some, well, interesting Donald Trump supporters". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  207. Laurent, Olivier (August 20, 2015). "Behind Time's Cover Shoot with Donald Trump and an American Bald Eagle". Time. 
  208. "RealClearPolitics - Election 2016 - Iowa Republican Presidential Caucus". Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. 
  209. "How Ted Cruz won the 2016 Iowa caucuses". POLITICO. 
  210. "Ted Cruz Wins Republican Caucuses in Iowa". The New York Times. February 2, 2016. 
  211. Ward, Jon (February 3, 2016). "Ben Carson holds a strange press conference to discuss Cruz 'dirty tricks'". Yahoo!. 
  212. Tessa Berenson. "Iowa Caucuses: Ben Carson Accuses Ted Cruz of Dirty Tricks". Time. 
  213. Amy Tennery (February 4, 2016). "Trump accuses Cruz of stealing Iowa caucuses through 'fraud'". Reuters. 
  214. 214.0 214.1 Patrick Healy & Jonathan Martin, Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders Win in New Hampshire Primary, The New York Times (February 9, 2016).
  215. New Hampshire Primary Results, The New York Times (2016).
  216. Nora, Kelly (February 9, 2016). "Trump and Sanders Prevail in New Hampshire". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  217. "Donald Trump wins South Carolina; Hillary Clinton takes Nevada". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  218. Martin, Jonathan; Burns, Alexander (February 20, 2016). "Donald Trump Wins in South Carolina, Solidifying Lead in G.O.P. Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  219. "US election 2016: Donald Trump sweeps to victory in Nevada". BBC News. January 1, 1970. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  220. "Trump Easily Wins Nevada Caucuses". Time. 
  221. "Mitt Romney suggests there's a "bombshell in Donald Trump's taxes". CBS News. February 24, 2016. 
  222. "What "bombshells" might lurk in Trump's tax returns?". CBS News. February 26, 2016. 
  223. O'Keefe, Ed (3 March 2016). "Mitt Romney slams 'phony' Trump: He's playing 'the American public for suckers'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  224. "Here’s What Mitt Romney Said About Donald Trump in 2012". Time. March 3, 2016. 
  225. "The Way They Were: Trump and Romney in 2012". ABC News. March 3, 2016. 
  226. "Trump: Romney begged me for the 2012 endorsement". CBS News. March 3, 2016. 
  227. Mitt Romney praises donald trump in 2012. March 2, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016 – via YouTube. 
  228. "Mitt Romney spoke out against Donald Trump after months of rising frustration". Boston Globe. March 12, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  229. Over 10,000 flock to Florida Trump rally, MSNBC Morning Joe (January 14, 2016).
  230. 230.0 230.1 Cillizza, Chris (2016-02-03). "Yes, Donald Trump is still drawing massive crowds". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  231. Cillizza, Chris (2016-01-05). "This crowd shot from Donald Trump's Massachusetts rally is absolutely mind-boggling". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  232. UTC, Emily Cahn2016-02-07 16:37:56. "Massive crowds turn out for Donald Trump rallies. So why didn't he win Iowa?". Mashable. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  233. 233.0 233.1 233.2 Fandos, Nicholas (July 11, 2015). "Donald Trump Defiantly Rallies a New 'Silent Majority' in a Visit to Arizona". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  234. Zeke J. Miller (July 11, 2015). "Donald Trump Outdoes Himself In Defiant Phoenix Speech". Time. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  235. "30,000 turn out for Donald Trump's Alabama pep rally". CNN. 
  236. Supporters Seek to Persuade Democrats to ‘Ditch and Switch’ for Donald Trump, The New York Times, January 7, 2016.
  237. "Burlington raises concerns over Trump event". Burlington Free Press. January 6, 2016. 
  238. Latest: Trump crowd estimated at 2,000, plus protests, Burlington Free Press (January 8, 2016).
  239. Mathis-Lilley, Ben. "A List, Which Will Probably Get Longer, of Violent Incidents at Trump Events". Slate. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  240. Frej, Willa. "Here's a Running List of Racial Things that have Happened at Trump Rallies". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 
  241. Maggie Koerth-Baker (March 15, 2016). "Donald Trump Incites His Crowds — And His Crowds Incite Him". FiveThirtyEight. 
  242. Dara Lind (March 13, 2016). "The problem with violence at Trump rallies starts with Trump himself". Vox. 
  243. Stephen Collinson (March 14, 2016). "Clinton and Sanders accuse Trump of inciting violence". CNN. 
  244. Wehner, Peter. "The Man the Founders Feared." The New York Times. March 19, 2016. March 19, 2016.
  245. Sarlin, Benjy. "GOP Rivals Accuse Donald ...." NBC News. March 12, 2016. March 19, 2016.
  246. WATCH: Donald Trump security guard hits protester in face after taking banner, Daily News (New York) (September 4, 2015).
  247. Jason Horowitz, Guard for Donald Trump Hits Protester, The New York Times (September 3, 2015).
  248. 248.0 248.1 Emily Flitter, Trump security guards assaulted protesters on NY sidewalk, lawsuit claims, Reuters (September 9, 2015).
  249. 249.0 249.1 Ashley Parker, Riskiest Political Act of 2016? Protesting at Rallies for Donald Trump, The New York Times (March 10, 2016).
  250. Eli Stokols & Kyle Cheney, Republicans blame Trump for climate of violence, Politico (March 12, 2016).
  251. 251.0 251.1 Justin Wm. Moyer, Jenny Starrs and Sarah Larimer (March 11, 2016). "Trump supporter charged after sucker-punching protester at North Carolina rally". The Washington Post. 
  252. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named West
  253. Jenna Johnson and Mary Jordan, Trump on rally protester: 'Maybe he should have been roughed up', The Washington Post (November 22, 2015).
  254. Bump, Philip (March 15, 2016). "Donald Trump reverses course on paying legal fees for man who attacked protester. But could he do it?". The Washington Post. 
  255. Jeremy Diamond, Donald Trump on protester: 'I'd like to punch him in the face', CNN (February 23, 2016).
  256. Michael E. Miller, Donald Trump on a protester: ‘I’d like to punch him in the face', The Washington Post (February 23, 2016).
  257. Nick Corasaniti & Maggie Haberman, Donald Trump on Protester: 'I'd Like to Punch Him in the Face', The New York Times (February 23, 2016).
  258. "TIME Photographer Chris Morris in Trump Rally Confrontation". Time. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  259. Schreckinger, Ben (March 7, 2016). "Trump cracks down on protesters". Politico. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  260. Stableford, Dylan. "Trump campaign manager reportedly 'roughed up' reporter after press conference". Yahoo!. Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  261. Grim, Ryan. "Breitbart Spokesman Resigns Over Trump Aide Assault: 'This S**t Just Sucks'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  262. Brianna Ehley, National Press Club raises alarm about Trump, Politico (March 14, 2016).
  263. National Press Club Concerned by Attacks on Journalists Covering Presidential Campaign, National Press Club (March 14, 2016).
  264. 264.0 264.1 Scott Conroy, Donald Trump Says He Might Pay Legal Fees For Man Who Sucker-Punched A Protester, The Huffington Post (March 13, 2015).
  265. Parker, Ashley (March 3, 2016). "black protester is sucker-punched by white Trump supporter". The New York Times. 
  266. Barron-Lopez, Laura (March 10, 2016). "Trump Supporter Punches Protester In Face At North Carolina Rally". The Huffington Post. 
  267. "Violence Erupts at Donald Trump Rally in St. Louis; At Least 32 People Arrested". KTLA. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  268. Diamond, Jeremy; Schleifer, Theodore (March 12, 2016). "Trump supporters, protesters clash after Chicago rally postponed". CNN. Retrieved March 19, 2016. 
  269. Rupert, Evylyn. "Police say they didn't advise Trump to cancel rally: report". thehill.com. Retrieved March 19, 2016. 
  270. "Trump calls off Chicago rally". Fox News Channel. 2016. 
  271. "Trump Rally in Chicago Postponed After Clashes". NBC News. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  272. "Trump Rally Postponed in Chicago Amid Safety Concerns". ABC News. March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  273. DelReal, Jenna Johnson, Jose A.; Rucker, Philip (March 11, 2016). "Trump cancels Chicago rally over security concerns". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 12, 2016. 
  274. "Trump cancels Chicago rally, says he didn't want to see anyone hurt | Fox News Channel". Fox News Channel. 2016-03-12. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  275. Hallie Jackson, Elizabeth Chuck & Ali Vitali, Secret Service Rushes Stage to Protect Donald Trump at Ohio Rally, NBC News (March 12, 2016).
  276. Evelyn Rupert, Trump claims man who charged him is tied to ISIS, The Hill (March 12, 2016).
  277. 277.0 277.1 Vivian Salama and Jill Colvin, Trump claims ISIS connection to stage rusher, Associated Press (March 12, 2016).
  278. "Trump says of campaign protesters: 'I don't hear their voice'". Reuters. March 13, 2016. 
  279. Vitali, Ali; Helsel, Phil. "Trump Calls for Arrests After Protesters Disrupt Kansas City Speech". NBC News. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  280. Johnson, Jenna. "Donald Trump demands that police arrest rally protesters". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  281. Johnson, Jenna. "Donald Trump demands that police arrest rally protesters". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  282. Robert Mackey, Donald Trump Warns of Riots at Convention if He Is Denied Nomination, The Intercept (March 16, 2016).
  283. Bever, Lindsey. "Police officer: Trump protesters were ‘the most hateful, evil people I’ve ever seen’". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 21, 2016. 
  284. Jackson, Hallie; Rascon, Jacob. "Protester Punched, Kicked at Donald Trump Rally in Arizona". NBC News. Retrieved March 20, 2016. 
  285. "Video shows Trump's campaign manager grabbing protester in Arizona". Los Angeles Times. March 19, 2016. 
  286. Ramadan, Lulu. "Trump aide charged with misdemeanor battery vs. ex-Breitbart reporter". palmbeachpost.com. Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  287. "Trump Defends Campaign Manager Corey Lewandowski After Battery Charge". NBC News. March 29, 2016. 
  288. "Trump campaign manager will not be prosecuted, sources say". Politico. April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2016. 
  289. "Bernard Kerik: Charge Against Trump Campaign Manager 'Politically Motivated'". 30 March 2016.  Unknown parameter |accessDate= ignored (|accessdate= suggested) (help)
  290. 290.0 290.1 290.2 Nicholas Confessore & Karen Yourish, Measuring Donald Trump’s Mammoth Advantage in Free Media, The New York Times (March 16, 2016).
  291. "How much does Donald Trump dominate TV news coverage? This much". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  292. Tyndall, Andrew. "COMMENTS: Campaign 2016 Coverage: Annual Totals for 2015". Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  293. Byers, Dylan. "Donald Trump: Media King, 2015". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  294. Walsh, Kenneth. "How Donald Trump's Media Dominance Is Changing the 2016 Campaign". US News & World Report. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  295. Grove, Lloyd. "The Petitions to Get Trump Off TV". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  296. Uberti, David. "The media's Trump conundrum". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  297. Sides, John. "Why is Trump surging? Blame the media.". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  298. "Donald Trump has nothing left to gain from media coverage". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  299. "Voters See Media Biased Against Trump but Not Clinton". Ramussen Reports. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  300. Shafer, Jack. "Trump Isn't a Media Creation". Politico. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  301. Carlson, Gretchen; Bennett, Barry (April 4, 2016). "On Fox, Trump's Senior Adviser Brags About The "Hundreds Of Millions Of Dollars Worth Of Free Media" Trump Has Received". The Real Story. Fox News. Retrieved April 5, 2016 – via Media Matters for America. 
  302. Earle, Geoff. "How Trump has spent almost nothing to become the GOP front-runner". New York Post. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  303. "The unabridged version of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's January 3, 2015 interview with "Face the Nation."". CBSN. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  304. "Donald Trump adds paid-for TV ads to freewheeling campaign". Financial Times. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  305. Heilpern, Will. "Cable news played Donald Trump's ad 60 times in one day". Business Insider. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  306. Campbell, Colin. "Fox News issues incredible response to Donald Trump's Twitter poll about going to the Fox debate". Business Insider. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  307. "Trump says he won't participate in GOP debate on Fox News". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  308. Nguyen, Tina. "Donald Trump Drops Out of Fox News Debate Because Megyn Kelly Is Moderating". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  309. "43 Times Donald Trump Has Attacked The Media As A Presidential Candidate". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  310. Byers, Dylan. "Donald Trump wants to 'open up' libel laws so he can sue press". CNNMoney. Retrieved February 27, 2016. 
  311. Volokh, Eugene (February 26, 2016). "Donald Trump says he'll 'open up libel laws'". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 27, 2016. 
  312. "Donald Trump wins the US presidential election". Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  313. "Trump presidency rated among top 10 global risks: EIU". BBC. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  314. Schleifer, Theodore (April 19, 2016). "Donald Trump mixes up '9/11' with '7/11'". CNN. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  315. McCaskill, Nolan D. (April 19, 2016). "Trump spokeswoman on 7/11 remark: It was a 'slip of the tongue'". Politico. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  316. 316.0 316.1 Murphy, Patricia (September 1, 2015). "The Immigrant Who Sleeps Next to Trump". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  317. Tierney McAfee - "Melania Trump Makes Her First Appearance on Campaign Trail..." People, November 25, 2015.
  318. Greenhouse, Emily (August 17, 2015). "Vitamins & Caviar: Getting to Know Melania Trump". Bloomberg Politics. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  319. Is Donald Trump for single-payer health care? - Fox News Republican Debate. YouTube. August 6, 2015. 
  320. Donald Trump: 'We need to keep illegals out' - Fox News Republican Debate. YouTube. August 6, 2015. 
  321. Is Donald Trump part of the 'war on women'? - Fox News Republican Debate. YouTube. August 6, 2015. 
  322. "Annotated transcript: The Aug. 6 GOP debate". The Washington Post. August 6, 2015. 
  323. Holly Yan, CNN (August 8, 2015). "Trump draws outrage after Megyn Kelly remarks". CNN. 
  324. "Donald Trump axed from event over Megyn Kelly blood comment". BBC News. 
  325. "Erick Erickson: 'The Republican Party Created Donald Trump'". The Atlantic. 
  326. Shawna Thomas. "Donald Trump Still in the Lead After Debates: New NBC News/Survey Monkey Poll". NBC News. 
  327. "Trump's Republican support holds strong post-debate - Reuters/Ipsos poll". Reuters. August 10, 2015. 
  328. "Ted Cruz's Support More Than Doubles Following GOP Debate; Surges To Second Place; RINOs Crash". Freedom Media Group, LLC. August 11, 2015. 
  329. Nick Corasaniti, Fox News Slams Donald Trump for ‘Sick Obsession’ With Megyn Kelly, The New York Times (March 18, 2016.
  330. Ali Vitali, Donald Trump Resumes Fight Against Fox News Anchor Megyn Kelly, NBC News (March 19, 2016).
  331. Corasaniti, Nick (March 14, 2016). "Donald Trump’s Misogyny, Out of the Mouths of Ordinary Women". The New York Times. 
  332. "Mitt Romney labels Donald Trump 'a fraud' and a misogynist". The Irish Times. March 3, 2016. 
  333. Richardson, Bradford (February 29, 2016). "Influential Christian newspaper urges evangelicals to dump ‘misogynist’ Trump". The Washington Times. 
  334. "Protesters at AIPAC oppose Trump's 'misogyny, bigotry, xenophobia'". News4. March 21, 2016. 
  335. "Trump Charms AIPAC After Walkout Fails To Materialize". National Review. March 22, 2016. 
  336. 336.0 336.1 Horwitz, Jeff (September 16, 2015). "APNewsBreak: Vet Group Hosting Trump Lost Nonprofit Status". Associated Press. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  337. Benen, Steve (September 18, 2015). "'Veterans for a Strong America' draws scrutiny". MSNBC - The Maddow Blog. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  338. Fitzpatrick, David; Griffin, Drew (September 18, 2015). "Veterans group that hosted Trump lost tax-exempt status". CNN. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  339. Marc Caputo (August 8, 2015). "Sources: Roger Stone quit, wasn't fired by Trump in campaign shakeup". Politico. Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  340. "Donald Trump's Departed Top Adviser Speaks Out". National Review Online. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  341. 341.0 341.1 Struyk, Ryan; Dukakis, Ali (July 21, 2015). "Donald Trump Reads Out Lindsey Graham's Cell Phone Number". ABC News. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  342. Brody, Ben (July 21, 2015). "Donald Trump Reads Out Lindsey Graham's Phone Number at a Campaign Stop". Bloomberg Politics. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  343. Miller, Jake (July 22, 2015). "Lindsey Graham offers tutorial on how to destroy a cell phone". CBS News. Retrieved July 26, 2015. 
  344. Daniel Strauss (August 3, 2015). "Gawker publishes Donald Trump's cellphone number". NewsBusters. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  345. Tanya Basu (August 4, 2015). "Donald Trump Just Gave Out His Own Cell Phone Number". Time. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  346. Maxwell Tani (August 4, 2015). "Donald Trump had a brilliant response to Gawker giving out his cellphone number". Business Insider. Retrieved January 30, 2016. 
  347. Stevenson, Peter (February 12, 2016). "The remarkably personal feud between Donald Trump and Jeb Bush, in 1 video". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  348. Allen, Cooper (February 6, 2016). "Trump: Jeb Bush 'had to bring in mommy to take a slap at me'". USA Today. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  349. Scherer, Michael (February 2, 2016). "Jeb Bush Attacks Trump Hard in Two-Minute Ad". Time. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  350. Haberman, Maggie (February 12, 2016). "Jeb Bush Supporters Run Brutal Ad Against Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  351. DelReal, Jose (February 12, 2016). "With S.C. approaching, the target on Trump grows larger". Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  352. LoGiurato, Brett (November 19, 2015). "TRUMP: Here's the backstory on my 'low-energy' takedown of Jeb Bush". Business Insider. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  353. Hunt, Albert (January 31, 2016). "The Rise and Fall of the Bush Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  354. Rucker, Philip (February 12, 2016). "George W. Bush, 'taken aback' by Trump's rise, to stump with Jeb". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  355. 355.0 355.1 Lopez, German (February 13, 2016). "The Republican establishment packed the debate audience with Donald Trump haters". Vox. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  356. GoogleTrends (February 13, 2016). "+1,400% spike in searches for "why are people booing?" #GOPDebate" (Tweet). 
  357. Sobel, Robert (February 13, 2016). "Donald Trump Shocks Gop Debate Stage, Blames Iraq War Mess On George W. Bush". blastingnews. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  358. d'Amora, Delphine (February 13, 2016). "Donald Trump Blames George W. Bush for 9/11". Mother Jones. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  359. Healy, Patrick (February 13, 2016). "In Republican Debate, Jeb Bush Attacks Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  360. Terkel, Amanda (February 13, 2016). "Donald Trump Accuses George W. Bush Of Lying To Invade Iraq". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  361. Kaplan, Rebecca (February 14, 2016). "Donald Trump clears up his Bush-9/11 debate remarks". CBS. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  362. Ehrenfreund, Max (February 22, 2016). "Republican voters are rejecting not just Jeb Bush, but the whole Bush legacy". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2016. 
  363. 363.0 363.1 363.2 Robert Farley (November 24, 2015). "Trump Retweets Bogus Crime Graphic". FactCheck.org. 
  364. Jon Greenberg, Trump's Pants on Fire tweet that blacks killed 81% of white homicide victims, Politifact (November 23, 2015).
  365. Eric Bradner, Trump retweets fake, racially charged crime data from non-existent group, CNN (November 23, 2015).
  366. Taylor Wofford, Donald Trump Retweets Racist Propaganda, Newsweek (November 23, 2015).
  367. Jay Hathaway, More Than Half of Trump's Retweets Are White Supremacists Praising Him, New York (January 27, 2016).
  368. Tal Kopan, Donald Trump retweets 'White Genocide' Twitter user, CNN (January 22, 2016).
  369. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-tweet-idUSMTZSAPEC1MDCX42B.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  370. Sarah Viets & Ryan Lenz, Trump Retweets Racist 'White Genocide' Twitter Account, Southern Poverty Law Center (January 22, 2016).
  371. Peter Holley, Hear a white nationalist's robocall urging Iowa voters to back Trump, The Washington Post (January 12, 2016).
  372. White Supremacists Robocalling for Trump, Daily Beast (January 10, 2016).
  373. Eliza Collins (February 25, 2016). "David Duke: Voting against Trump is 'treason to your heritage'". Politico. 
  374. Adam Edelman (February 26, 2016). "Donald Trump supported by former KKK leader David Duke: 'I hope he does everything we hope he will do'". Daily News. New York. 
  375. Aaron Morrison, David Duke's Donald Trump Endorsement Never Happened, Former KKK Grand Wizard Says, International Business Times (March 2, 2016).
  376. "Donald Trump Urged To Distance Himself From White Supremacist Backers". Forward. February 26, 2016. 
  377. "ADL to Donald Trump: Distance Yourself from White Supremacists and Disavow Their Ideology". Anti-Defamation League. February 25, 2016. 
  378. "Donald Trump's absurd claim that he knows nothing about former KKK leader David Duke". Politifact. March 2, 2016. 
  379. "Reform Bid Said to Be a No-Go for Trump". The New York Times. February 14, 2000. 
  380. Eric Bradner (February 28, 2016). "Donald Trump stumbles on David Duke, KKK". CNN. 
  381. 381.0 381.1 381.2 381.3 Open Letter on Donald Trump from GOP National Security Leaders, War on the Rocks (March 2, 2016).
  382. 382.0 382.1 Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Trump is 'fundamentally dishonest' say GOP national security leaders in open letter, The Washington Post (March 3, 2016).
  383. Warren Strobel, Jonathan Landay and Matt Spetalnick, Republican foreign policy veterans rebuke Trump worldview, Reuters (March 3, 2016).
  384. Daniel W. Drezner, The unique horror of Donald Trump's foreign policy and why I signed a letter opposing it, The Washington Post (March 3, 2016).
  385. "Defending the Honor of the U.S. Military From Donald Trump". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  386. Jacob Heilbrunn, The Neocons vs. Donald Trump, The New York Times (March 20, 2016).
  387. Tom LoBianco, Bible in hand, Trump makes pitch to religious voters, CNN (August 27, 2015).
  388. 388.0 388.1 Steve Benen, Trump's religious talk causes unease among social conservatives, MSNBC (July 21, 2015).
  389. Eugene Scott, Trump says Bible is his favorite book, but declines to share favorite verse, CNN (August 27, 2015).
  390. Sarah Pulliam Bailey, Donald Trump almost put money in the Communion plate at a church in Iowa, The Washington Post (February 1, 2016).
  391. Eric Bradner and Noah Gray, Trump meets with Christian, Jewish leaders, CNN (September 28, 2015).
  392. Jill Colvin, "'I believe in the Bible': Trump courts Christian right, Associated Press (September 25, 2015).
  393. Salo, Jackie (October 27, 2017). "Who Is The Hedge Fund Priest? Meet Emmanuel Lemelson, The Reverend of Wall Street". International Business Times. 
  394. Robert Costa & Jenna Johnson, Evangelical leader Jerry Falwell Jr. endorses Trump, The Washington Post (January 26, 2016).
  395. Trip Gabriel, Donald Trump, Despite Impieties, Wins Hearts of Evangelical Voters, The New York Times (February 27, 2016).
  396. Why Do Evangelicals Support Donald Trump?, The Atlantic (September 3, 2016).
  397. 397.0 397.1 Joshua Partlow & Julie Vitkovskaya, This is how the Pope Francis-Donald Trump argument has played out, The Washington Post (February 17, 2016).
  398. Frances D'Emilio, Pope's comment didn't single out Donald Trump, Vatican says, Associated Press (February 19, 2016).
  399. Samuel Smith, Russell Moore: Christians Should Vote Third-Party Rather Than 'Lesser of Evils', The Christian Post (March 4, 2016).
  400. Alexander Burns, Anti-Trump Republicans Call for a Third-Party Option, The New York Times (March 2, 2016).
  401. Shaun King, The fake Christianity of Donald Trump (and Jerry Falwell Jr.), Daily News (New York) (January 26, 2016).
  402. Christipher Pieper & Matt Henderson, 10 reasons you can’t be a Christian and vote for Donald Trump, Dallas News (February 29, 2016).
  403. 403.0 403.1 Dan Balz and Scott Clement, Poll: Trump's negatives among Hispanics rise; worst in GOP field, The Washington Post (February 25, 2016).
  404. James Oliphant & Luciana Lopez, Some Hispanic Republicans fear for party's future if Trump wins in Florida, Reuters (March 11, 2016).
  405. 405.0 405.1 Julia Preston. "More Latinos Seek Citizenship to Vote Against Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  406. Janell Ross, Donald Trump apparently won the Latino vote in Nevada. It doesn't mean Latinos suddenly love him., The Washington Post (February 24, 2016).
  407. Priscilla Alvarez. "A Changing Latino Electorate". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  408. Lesley Clark & Patricia Mazzei, In Florida, Donald Trump finds some support among Hispanic Republicans, The Miami Herald (March 13, 2016).
  409. Steven Shepard, Donald Trump's gender gap: Polls show the billionaire businessman, under fire for his vulgar comments about Hillary Clinton, with a deficit when it comes to women voters, Politico (December 23, 2015).
  410. Gerald F. Seib, WSJ/NBC Poll Finds Age, Gender Gaps in Views of Donald Trump, The Wall Street Journal (December 11, 2015).
  411. Alan Rappeport (March 25, 2016). "Donald Trump's Trail of Comments About Women". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 
  412. "Anti-Trump ad shows women reading Trump comments". CNN. March 15, 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  413. Amy Chozick and Trip Gabriel (March 25, 2016). "Democrats See Gains as Donald Trump Targets a Wife". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2016. In a recent poll, female voters favored Hillary Clinton over Donald J. Trump by 55 percent to 35 percent. 
  414. Nicholas Confessore (March 28, 2016). "How the G.O.P. Elite Lost Its Voters to Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2016. While wages declined and workers grew anxious about retirement, Republicans offered an economic program still centered on tax cuts for the affluent and the curtailing of popular entitlements like Medicare and Social Security. 
  415. Greg Sargent (March 28, 2016). "This one anecdote perfectly explains how Donald Trump is hijacking the GOP". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  416. Michael Gerson (March 28, 2016). "Rush Limbaugh’s blessing of Trump is killing conservatism". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2016. ...Limbaugh has also consistently defended Trump as a legitimate choice for those whose dominating factor is the humiliation of “the establishment.” 
  417. Limbaugh, Russ (January 13, 2016). "Republicans Would Rather Lose Than See Conservatism Dominate the Party" (transcript). rushlimbaugh.com. The Rush Limbaugh Show. Retrieved March 29, 2016. cliquish, elitist club 
  418. Byers, Dylan. "National Review, conservative thinkers stand against Trump". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  419. Ford, Matt. "The National Review Takes on Trump". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  420. "National Review Launches Conservative War On Donald Trump". Media Matters. Retrieved February 17, 2016. 
  421. 421.0 421.1 421.2 Thomas B. Edsall (March 30, 2016). "Who Are the Angriest Republicans?". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  422. 422.0 422.1 Joe Scarborough (April 2, 2016). "Trump leaves the conservative establishment arrogant and unmoored". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2016. 
  423. Thomas B. Edsall (March 23, 2016). "The Republican Crackup". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2016. 
  424. Steve Rattner (January 8, 2016). "White, working class men back Trump, charts show" (video). Morning Joe MNSBC. Retrieved March 25, 2016. Steve Rattner breaks down the demographics of who is supporting Donald Trump and how these supporters are doing financially. Duration: 2:25 
  425. Jeff Guo (March 4, 2016). "Death predicts whether people vote for Donald Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2016. Even after controlling for these other factors, the middle-aged white death rate in a county was still a significant predictor of the share of votes that went to Trump 
  426. Nate Cohn, Donald Trump's Strongest Supporters: A Certain Kind of Democrat, The New York Times (December 31, 2015).
  427. Bob Davis and Rebecca Ballhaus (April 17, 2016). "The Place That Wants Donald Trump Most Buchanan County, Va., shows the source of the front-runner’s support and the problem he poses for rivals in both parties". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 18, 2016. The counties that have delivered the strongest vote for Donald Trump in the 2016 primary season tend be rural communities that are struggling economically, with household incomes and college graduation rates below the national average. 
  428. Neil Irwin and Josh Katz (March 12, 2016). "The Geography of Trumpism". The New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2016. 
  429. 429.0 429.1 Angie Drobnic Holan & Linda Qiu, 2015 Lie of the Year: the campaign misstatements of Donald Trump (December 21, 2015).
  430. Eliza Collins, PolitiFact awards Donald Trump its 'Lie of the Year', Politico (December 25, 2015).
  431. Daniel Lippman, Darren Samuelsohn and Isaac Arnsdorf, Trump's Week of Errors, Exaggerations and Flat-out Falsehoods, Politico Magazine (March 13, 2016).
  432. Rauhala, Emily (March 11, 2016). "Trump just called Tiananmen Square a ‘riot.’ The Communist Party will be pleased.". The Washington Post. 
  433. Daniel Klinghard, Forget Hitler: Trump Is the New William Jennings Bryan, U.S. News & World Report (March 4, 2016).
  434. Niall Ferguson, Is the US having a populist moment?, Boston Globe (March 4, 2016).
  435. Maggie Haberman & Patrick Healty, Gingerly, Donald Trump Tries Out Some Campaign Conventions, The New York Times (January 15, 2016).
  436. 436.0 436.1 436.2 Michael Barone, Is There Any Precedent in History for Donald Trump?, RealClearPolitics (September 29, 2015).
  437. Inskeep, Steve (February 17, 2016). "Donald Trump’s Secret? Channeling Andrew Jackson". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  438. "Still don't think Trump could win? We've elected xenophobic presidents before". The Guardian. March 2, 2016. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  439. "Historians compare Trump's rise to that of Andrew Jackson in 1828". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  440. 440.0 440.1 440.2 440.3 440.4 David M. Shribman, Trump and the unfiltered tradition in American politics, Boston Globe (January 2, 2016).
  441. Steven M. Gillon, American Demagogues: Joe McCarthy and Donald Trump, The Huffington Post (March 10, 2016).
  442. David Denby, The Plot Against America: Donald Trump's Rhetoric, The New Yorker (December 15, 2015).
  443. Ron Elving, Trump Statements on Muslim Immigration Recall Past Episodes Of U.S. Exclusion, NPR, All Things Considered (December 8, 2015, updated December 10, 2015).
  444. Neely Tucker, Is Jesse Ventura's unlikely Minnesota win a road map for Donald Trump?, The Washington Post (October 8, 2015).
  445. John Cassidy, Five Theories of Donald Trump, New York (August 22, 2015).
  446. Avlon, John (February 15, 2016). "Donald Trump Is Running for Richard Nixon’s Third Term". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  447. Rosenberg, Paul. "Donald Trump stole Richard Nixon’s playbook: Why the "silent majority" and media bashing always works". Salon. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  448. "Donald Trump is channeling Richard Nixon". Mother Jones. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  449. "The Uncanny Similarities Between Trump Rallies Today and George Wallace Rallies in ’68". New York. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  450. "Donald Trump, the Perfect Populist". Politico. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  451. "Trump’s 19th Century Foreign Policy". Politico. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  452. 452.0 452.1 Patt Morrison, Robert O. Paxton talks fascism and Donald Trump, Los Angeles Times (March 9, 2016).
  453. Father of Fascism Studies: Donald Trump Shows Alarming Willingness to Use Fascist Terms & Styles (interview with Amy Goodman), Democracy Now (March 15, 2016).
  454. Dylan Matthews, I asked 5 fascism experts whether Donald Trump is a fascist. Here's what they said, Vox (December 10, 2015).
  455. New York Daily News
  456. Salon
  457. John Cassidy (December 28, 2015). "Donald Trump Isn't a Fascist; He's a Media-Savvy Know-Nothing". 
  458. Max Ehrenfreund (December 4, 2015). "Why you should stop calling Donald Trump a fascist". 
  459. Gianni Riotta (January 16, 2016). "I Know Fascists; Donald Trump Is No Fascist". 
  460. "Trump asks backers to swear their support, vows to broaden torture laws". CNN. March 5, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  461. "Trump-led salute at Florida rally creates stir on social media". CBS News. March 5, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  462. "Trump Increasingly Compared to Adolf Hitler". CBS News. March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  463. "Abe Foxman: Trump knew his Hitler-like salute was evoking fascist symbolism". JTA. March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  464. "Donald Trump's tone likened to Hitler by Mexico's Pena Nieto". BBC. March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  465. "Mexico's President Says Donald Trump Sounds Like Hitler and Mussolini". The New York Times. March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  466. "Mexican president: Trump language like that of Hitler". Associated Press. March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  467. 467.0 467.1 467.2 "Trump responds to Hitler comparison". CNN. March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  468. Johnson, Jenna (2016-03-08). "Trump: It’s ‘ridiculous’ to compare his pledge to a Nazi salute". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  469. "Trump defends loyalty pledges at rallies, ‘surprised’ by Hitler comparisons". Yahoo. March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  470. "Donald Trump says he's "not happy" with comparisons to Hitler". CBS News. March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016. 
  471. Haberman, Maggie (February 28, 2016). "Donald Trump Retweets Post With Quote From Mussolini". The New York Times. 
  472. Parker, Kathleen (March 22, 2016). "Few Republicans have shown the courage to stand against Trump". The Washington Post. 
  473. Weisberg, Jacob (March 4, 2016). "Autocratic attitudes emerge in a modern American setting". Financial Times. 
  474. Douthat, Ross (March 12, 2016). "The Party Still Decides". The New York Times. 
  475. "Trump steps over Mosley line". The Irish Echo. March 16, 2016. 
  476. Garner, Dwight (April 11, 2016). "‘All the King’s Men,’ Now 70, Has a Touch of 2016". The New York Times. 
  477. Teachout, Terry (April 14, 2016). "The Harbinger of Trumpism". Commentary. 
  478. Merry, Robert W. (September 26, 2015). "Imagine This: President Donald Trump". The National Interest. 
  479. 479.0 479.1 Keneally, Meghan (2016-03-05). "$7.5M in Donations Helping Trump's 'Self-Funded' Campaign". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  480. The New York Times (2016-02-22). "Which Presidential Candidates Are Winning the Money Race". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  481. "Donald Trump Demands Super Pacs Supporting Him Return Money, As Hillary Clinton Disavows Private Prison Pacs". Newsweek. October 23, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2016. 
  482. Lauren Carroll, Is Donald Trump self-funding his campaign? Sort of, Politifact (February 10, 2016).
  483. "Trump: Return all donations made to super PACs". Politico. October 23, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2016. 
  484. Haberman, Maggie (October 22, 2015). "'Super PAC' Raising Money for Donald J. Trump to Shut Down". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  485. "Donald Trump: 'I want to make the country great again'". Fox News Channel. May 21, 2015. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 
  486. The Editorial Board (March 8, 2016). "Trying to Read Donald Trump, in Translation". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2016. 

External links