Drive-by shooting

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

A drive-by shooting is a type of assault that typically involves the perpetrator firing a weapon from within a motor vehicle and then fleeing.[1] Such shootings are often associated with gang violence in urban areas of the United States but also occur in other contexts. The tactic is also known in the media as simply a "drive-by".[2] The primary motivations for a gang-involved drive-by include intimidation, terrorization, and assassination of rival street gang members.[3]

Urban drive-by shootings often involve multiple perpetrators inside the attacking vehicle and multiple victims nearby. Because the attackers fire numerous shots in an imprecise manner, innocent bystanders and children are frequently killed or injured.

Numerous hip-hop artists have been targeted in drive-bys;[4] prominent rappers who were killed in such incidents include Tupac Shakur,[5] The Notorious B.I.G.,[6] and Mac Dre.[7]

Usages

Military use

The British military (especially the Special Air Service) used this form of drive-by shooting in its campaigns in North Africa and France during the Second World War. Columns of heavily armed jeeps, bristling with machine guns, would drive past and sometimes through enemy positions, usually airfields and supply depots, shooting at military targets.[8]

In the first decade of the 21st century, drive-by shootings were used by militants in Iraq, including the assassinations of Waldemar Milewicz[9] and Hatem Kamil.[10]

See also

References

  1. Hutson, H. Range; Anglin, Deirdre; Pratts, Michael J. Jr. (3 Feb 1994). "Adolescents and Children Injured or Killed in Drive-By Shootings in Los Angeles". New England Journal of Medicine. doi:10.1056/NEJM199402033300506.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "3-year-old boy killed in drive-by shooting identified". WKYC-TV. Cleveland, Ohio. 16 Sep 2015. Retrieved 11 Dec 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Hutson, H. Range; Anglin, Deirdre; Kyriacou, Demetrios N. (4 Oct 1995). "The Epidemic of Gang-Related Homicides in Los Angeles County From 1979 Through 1994". New England Journal of Medicine. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03530130037025.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Coleman, C. Vernon II (1 Feb 2013). "They Shootin': 10 Rappers That Were Targeted In Drive-By Shootings". HipHopWired. Retrieved 11 Dec 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Dominguez, Robert (14 September 1996). "Tupac Shakur dies days after drive-by shooting in 1996". New York Daily News. Retrieved 11 Dec 2015. Rapper Tupac Shakur died yesterday from wounds suffered in a Las Vegas drive-by shooting, becoming a casualty of the kind of bullet-sprayed urban violence captured in his lyrics.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Millner, Denene (10 Mar 1997). "Biggie Smalls is killed in a drive-by shooting in 1997". New York Daily News. Retrieved 11 Dec 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Rapper Mac Dre Killed In Kansas City". Billboard.com. 2 Nov 2004. Retrieved 11 Dec 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. The Phantom Major: The Story of David Sterling and the Sas Regiment by Virginia Cowles , COLLINS. (January 1, 1958) and ASIN: B001DAJWNC
  9. "BBC article about murder of Waldemar Milewicz". BBC News. 2004-05-07. Retrieved 2012-08-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "article on Hatem Kamil's assassination". BBC News. 2004-11-01. Retrieved 2012-08-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links