Duke of Cumberland

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Duke of Cumberland
Style His Royal Highness
Residence Royal Lodge
Appointer Monarch of England, and successor states
Term length Life tenure or until accession as Sovereign
Formation 1644
Salary Undisclosed

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland.


The first creation, in the Peerage of England, was in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by their peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the second son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The titles Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale were later created in the Peerage of Great Britain.

List of titleholders

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never Married 29 November 1682
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
28 July 1683
1 child
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 62
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)

also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)

Family Tree

See also