Durdle Pier

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Durdle Pier is a disused 17th-century stone shipping quay, located on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England; part of the Jurassic Coast. It is found close by Yeolands Quarry, on the east side of the island within the area of East Weares and Penn's Weare.[1]

History

File:Cliff path above Durdle Pier, Portland - geograph.org.uk - 861850.jpg
Cliff path above Durdle Pier (seen bottom left).
File:Durdle Pier Portland Crane Remains.JPG
One of three remaining parts of the destroyed crane lying along the eastern coastline.

Durdle Pier dates back to the 17th century,[2] and became one of the main stone shipping places on the east side.[3] East and Penn's Weares were the location of Sir Christopher Wren's first workings of stone to rebuild London after the Great Fire of 1666.[4] During the mid-19th century, the original crane was replaced with one made by Galpin of Dorchester.[3]

Once quarrying in the area ended, fishermen became the pier's main users for lifting boats from the water. The crane became broken and beyond repair in the early 21st-century.[5] During 2014 the pier's crane was destroyed by the sea. Within close proximity to the pier are two World War II pillboxes.[6][7]

The Great Southwell Landslip, Britain's second largest recorded historical landslide, occurred in 1734, between Durdle Pier and Freshwater Bay.[8] The Dorset names Durlston Bay and Head (in Swanage) and Durdle Pier, again without early spellings, can be associated etymologically with Durdle Door.[9]

References

  1. "Yeolands Quarry and Durdle Pier, Portland, Dorset". Geoffkirby.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. http://www.visitweymouth.co.uk/downloadForms/RailwayWalkleaflet.pdf
  3. 3.0 3.1 Historic England. "DURDLE PIER (453861)". PastScape. Retrieved 2013-03-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Historic England. "Monument No. 1466569". PastScape. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. petervanallen Peter Allen+ Add Contact. "Durdle Pier | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Retrieved 2013-03-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Historic England. "Monument No. 1420399". PastScape. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Historic England. "Monument No. 1420401". PastScape. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. http://www.jurassiccoastline.com/jurassic_Info1b.asp?ID=153&AreaID=153
  9. "Durdle Door, Dorset, England". Thedorsetpage.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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