Earth (1998 film)

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1947 Earth
File:1947 Earth film poster Aamir Khan.jpg
Directed by Deepa Mehta
Produced by Anne Masson
Deepa Mehta
Story by Deepa Mehta
Starring Aamir Khan
Maia Sethna
Nandita Das
Narrated by Shabana Azmi
Music by A. R. Rahman
Cinematography Giles Nuttgens
Edited by Barry Farrell
Release dates
  • 10 September 1998 (1998-09-10)
Running time
101 minutes
Country Canada
Language Hindi

Earth (released in India as 1947: Earth) is a 1998 Indian period drama film directed by Deepa Mehta. It is based upon Bapsi Sidhwa's novel, Cracking India, (1991, U.S.; 1992, India; originally published as Ice Candy Man, 1988, England). Earth is the second installment of Mehta's Elements trilogy. It was preceded by Fire (1996) and followed by Water (2005). It was India's entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.


The story is set in Lahore in the time period directly before and during the partition of India in 1947.

A young girl with polio, Lenny (Maia Sethna), narrates the story through the voice of her adult self (Shabana Azmi). She is from a wealthy Parsi family who hopes to remain neutral to the rising tensions between Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims in the area. She is adored and protected by her parents, Bunty (Kitu Gidwani) and Rustom (Arif Zakaria) and is cared for by her Ayah, a beautiful Hindu woman, Shanta (Nandita Das). Both Dil Navaz, the Ice-Candy Man (Aamir Khan) and Hassan, the Masseur (Rahul Khanna) are Muslim and in love with Shanta. Shanta, Dil, and Hassan are part of a small group of friends from different faiths (some of whom work for Lenny's family) who spend their days together in the park. With partition, however, this once unified group of friends becomes divided and tragedy ensues.


Critical reception


Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars and states that Earth, "is effective because it doesn't require much history from its viewers, explains what needs to be known, and has a universal message."[1] The New York Times described it as "a powerful and disturbing reminder of how a civilization can suddenly crack under certain pressures."[2] The New Yorker argues that, "Deepa Mehta handles her material convincingly, and the cast is so likable that they wear the larger themes like beautiful garments."[3] notes that, "Aamir Khan has probably given the best performance of his life. It is hard to imagine another actor bringing alive the nuances of the ice-candy man the way he does."[4] Planet Bollywood gave the film a 9.5 out of 10 and stated that, "Earth is strongly recommended to those who want to see a different type of Hindi film and who are tired of the usual boy meets girl stories and revenge dramas."[5]

Awards and nominations


1947: Earth
Soundtrack album by A. R. Rahman
Released 1998 (India)
Recorded Panchathan Record Inn
Genre Film soundtrack
Label T-Series
Producer A.R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman chronology
Dil Se..
(1998)Dil Se..1998
1947: Earth
Doli Saja Ke Rakhna
(1998)Doli Saja Ke Rakhna1998

All lyrics written by Javed Akhtar, all music composed by A. R. Rahman.

No. Title Singer(s) Length
1. "Banno Rani"   Sadhana Sargam 4:09
2. "Dheemi Dheemi"   Hariharan 5:16
3. "Ishwar Allah"   Anuradha Sriram, Sujatha Mohan 5:15
4. "Raat Ki Daldal Hain"   Sukhwinder Singh 4:05
5. "Ruth Aa Gayee Re""   Sukhwinder Singh 5:31
6. "Yeh Jo Zindagi Hain"   Srinivas, Sujatha Trivedi 4:51
7. "Yeh Jo Zindagi Hain"   Srinivas, Sukhwinder Singh 4:07
8. "Piano Theme" (Instrumental)   1:53
9. "Theme Music" (Instrumental)   4:50


  1. Ebert, Roger (1999-10-15). "Earth". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 9 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Holden, Stephen (1999-09-19). "'Earth': India Torn Apart, as a Child Sees It". New York Times. Retrieved 9 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gustavson, Jeff (1999-09-27). "Earth". The New Yorker. Retrieved 9 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Verma, Suparn (1999-09-10). "Breaking new ground". Rediff. Retrieved 9 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Joshi, Aniket Joshi. "Earth". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 9 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Mehta's Earth wins acclaim at Asian festival". The Economic Times. 11 March 1999. Retrieved 15 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links