Born in Norwich, Connecticut, Fitch graduated as valedictorian from Yale College in 1777. The American Revolutionary War was ongoing at the time, but because Fitch was a student and then resident tutor (1780–1783) at Yale, he was exempted from the military draft then in effect. He later tried his hand at business, but was largely unsuccessful, and was invited in 1790 to move to Williamstown, Massachusetts and serve as preceptor of a new free academy for boys. Fitch took the position and made many changes to the institution, converting it into a college in 1793. As one of only two faculty members at the beginning, Fitch taught many classes himself. Highly religious, he gave the sermons on Sundays at the college and introduced the Westminster Catechism to Williams. But the college foundered, and Fitch resigned in 1815. He then served as a pastor at a Presbyterian church, and continued to preach until his death in West Bloomfield, New York.
- George Ripley And Charles A. Dana, "Ebenezer Fitch", The American Cyclopaedia, Volume 7, 1873.
- Elizabeth O'Grady, Ebenezer Fitch (1756-1833), Williams College Archives and Special Collections
- Calvin Durfee, Sketch of the Late Rev. Ebenezer Fitch: First President of Williams College, Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, 1865.