Edinburgh University Socialist Society

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Edinburgh University Socialist Society
EdinburghUniversitySocialistSociety.jpg
Abbreviation E.U.S.S.
Motto Utopia now: we can bring it about. The power is ours if we have the will.
Formation 1884
Purpose Education, discussion, debate, political agitation, advocacy
Affiliations Edinburgh University Students' Association
Website http://edunisocialists.wordpress.com/
Formerly called
Edinburgh University Reform Society

Edinburgh University Socialist Society is a society at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland which advocates a "more just and equal society, based on democratic control of the economy".[1]

The Society has existed in various forms since it was initially founded in 1884, stating in its manifesto: "Utopia now: we can bring it about. The power is ours if we have the will".[2] One of the key founders of the society was Léo Meillet, who had been active in the Paris Commune as a member of the "Committee for Public Safety".[3] It is believed to have been Britain's first university socialist society.[4]

The Society played a key role in the early development of the socialist movement in Scotland, including hosting the first "indoor preaching of Modern Socialism" in Edinburgh on the 19th of March 1884, with William Morris as the main speaker. The talk was titled "Useful Labour versus Useless Toil", The Scotsman reported a "good attendance, a considerable proportion of those present being ladies".[5][6][7] Later that year the society also hosted a lecture by the influential positivist, Edward Spencer Beesly.[8]

In 1885, following the realisation of the stigma associated with 'socialism', the Society briefly changed its name to Edinburgh University Reform Society.[9]

Russian Nobel Prize–winning physicist and revolutionary Igor Tamm was active in the society as a student in 1913.[10]

Experimental zoologist and critic of eugenics, Lancelot Hogben played an active role in the Society in the early 1920s.[11]

Poet J. K. Annand was the Society's Secretary during his time at the University in the late 1920s.[12]

In the 1930s members included David Pitt, who went on to become a civil rights activist and Britain's longest serving black parliamentarian; Robert McIntyre, who went on to be Leader and then President of the Scottish National Party; and Jessie Kocmanová, who went on to become a leading scholar on William Morris.[13][14]

In 1949 the society host a performance by singer, actor and civil rights activist Paul Robeson.[15] Later that year Max Born (pioneer of quantum physics and later winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics) used a meeting of the society to express his opinions on atomic weapons and foreign policy.[16]

References

  1. "Socialist Society – Edinburgh University Students' Association". Retrieved 15 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Pinkney, Tony. "In Praise of Student Protest – William Morris Unbound". Retrieved 15 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Morgan, Austen (1989). James Connolly : a political biography. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 19. ISBN 9780719029585.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Barcan, Alan (2002). Radical students : the old left at Sydney University. Carlton South: Melbourne Univ. Press. p. 350. ISBN 9780522850178.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Edinburgh University Socialist – Lecture by WM. Morris". The Scotsman. 20 March 1884. p. 6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Gilray, John (1909). Early Days of the Socialist Movement in Edinburgh. Edinburgh.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Kenefick, William (2007). Red Scotland! : the rise and decline of the Scottish Radical Left, c. 1872 to 1932. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0748625186.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Edinburgh University Socialist Society Lecture by Professor Beesly". The Scotsman. 11 November 1884. p. 7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Knox, W. W. (1999). Industrial Nation – Work, Culture and Society in Scotland, 1800 – Present. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 165–166. ISBN 0-7486-1084-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Bouis, Gennady Gorelik ; with Antonina W. (2005). The world of Andrei Sakharov a Russian physicist's path to freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 308. ISBN 9780195343748.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Crow, ed. by James F.; Dove, William F. (2000). Perspectives on genetics : anecdotal, historical, and critical commentaries, 1987-1998. Madison [u.a.]: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 507. ISBN 9780299166045. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Bell, Alan R. "Sources for Scottish Labour History in the Manuscripts Division of the National Library of Scotland". Retrieved 15 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Lords. 24 November 1976. col. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR (DOCENT) JESSIE KOCMANOVÁ, M. A., PhD., CSc: A SEVENTIETH BIRTHDAY TRIBUTE" (PDF). SBORNÍK PRACÍ FILOZOFICKÉ FAKULTY BRNĚNSKÉ UNIVERZITY STUDIA MINORA FACULTATIS PHILOSOPHICAE UNIVERSITATIS BRUNENSIS K 7 (1985) - BRNO STUDIES IN ENGLISH (16). 1985. Retrieved 26 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Shepperson, George (Sam) (1998). "Paul Robeson in Edinburgh". University of Edinburgh Journal. 37-38: 233-8. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Atomic Energy Control". The Scotsman. 28 November 1949. p. 6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links