Edward Adelbert Doisy

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Edward A. Doisy
Edward A Doisy.jpg
Born (1893-11-13)November 13, 1893
Hume, Illinois, USA
Died October 23, 1986(1986-10-23) (aged 92)
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Nationality United States
Fields Biochemistry
Institutions Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis University
Doctoral advisor Otto Folin
Known for Vitamin K
Notable awards Willard Gibbs Award (1941)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1943)

Edward Adelbert Doisy (November 13, 1893 – October 23, 1986[1]) was an American biochemist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1943 with Henrik Dam for their discovery of vitamin K (K from "Koagulations-Vitamin" in German) and its chemical structure.

Doisy was born in Hume, Illinois, on November 13, 1893. He completed his A.B. degree in 1914 and his M.S. degree in 1916 from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He completed his Ph.D. in 1920 from Harvard University.

In 1919 he accepted a faculty appointment in the Department of Biochemistry at Washington University in St. Louis, where he rose in rank to associate professor. In 1923, he moved to St. Louis University as professor and chairman of the new Department of Biochemistry. He served as professor and chairman of that department until he retired in 1965. St. Louis University renamed the department the E.A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry, in his honor. More recently, the department has again been renamed. It is now known as the E.A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

He also competed with Adolf Butenandt in the discovery of estrone in 1930. They discovered the substance independently,[citation needed] but only Butenandt was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1939.


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