Sir Edwin Pears (18 March 1835 – 27 November 1919) was a British barrister, publicist, and historian. He lived in Constantinople for about forty years and he is known for his 1911 book Turkey and its People.
Pears was called to the Bar at Middle Temple in 1870. He was also private secretary to Frederick Temple, then Bishop of Exeter, and later Archbishop of Canterbury. Pears was also secretary to various associations connected with social work in London.
Pears settled in Constantinople in 1873. He practised in the consular courts and becoming president of the European bar there. He rose to become one of the leaders of the British colony in Constantinople.
Pears travelled much through Turkish dominions, and studied Turkish history from both the Turkish and foreign perspectives.
In this way, Pears acquired an intimate knowledge of Turkey. In 1876, as correspondent of The Daily News, he sent letters home describing Ottoman atrocities and the April Uprising in Bulgaria which aroused popular demonstrations in England led by William Ewart Gladstone. At the time, the reports of these atrocities were generally disbelieved and Pears' letters placed all the incontrovertible facts before the English people.
In 1885, Pears wrote The Fall of Constantinople, a Story of the Fourth Crusade. This book is regarded as essential reading for the study of the Ottoman constitutional revolution of 1908.
In 1911, Pears wrote the book Turkey and its People. It is regarded as his most distinguished book. In that book, he displayed his expert knowledge of Byzantine Constantinople. The book contains original material on the nationalities of the Ottoman empire. The book was an attempt to interpret Turkey to the western people.
Pears died on 27 November 1919 in Malta from an accident on his journey home from Constantinople.
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