Elections in Italy

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Italy elects, at the national level, a Parliament consisting of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members; and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 elected members, plus a few senators for life. The President of the Republic is elected for a seven-year term by the two houses of Parliament in joint session.

Italy has historically had many political parties, both national and regional, with different party systems.

The most recent Italian general election was held on 24 and 25 February 2013.

2013 election

A snap general election was held in Italy on 24 and 25 February 2013, after President Giorgio Napolitano dissolved parliament few months before, due to the resignation of the Prime Minister Mario Monti and his technocratic government. No absolute winner emerged from the election; the votes were divided into three parts: the centre-left alliance, Italy Common Good, whose major party was the Democratic Party, led by Pier Luigi Bersani, the Centre-right coalition, led by Silvio Berlusconi with his People of Freedom party, and the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, whose leade was Beppe Grillo. On 24 April 2013, Napolitano, gave the task to form a new government to the Deputy-Secretary of the Democratic Party, Enrico Letta. On 28 April he sworn in as Prime Minister.[1]

Chamber of Deputies

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Pier Luigi Bersani:
Italy. Common Good
Democratic Party 8,644,187 25.42 292
Left Ecology Freedom 1,089,442 3.20 37
Others 313,974 0.92 11
Total 10,047,603 29.54 340
Silvio Berlusconi:
Centre-right coalition
The People of Freedom 7,332,667 21.56 97
Lega Nord 1,390,156 4.08 18
Brothers of Italy 666,035 1.95 9
Others 534,251 1.54 0
Total 9,923,109 29.18 124
Beppe Grillo: Five Star Movement 8,689,168 25.55 108
Mario Monti:
With Monti for Italy
Civic Choice 2,824,001 8.30 37[lower-alpha 1]
Union of the Centre 608,199 1.78 8
Others 159,429 0.46 0
Total 3,591,629 10.56 45
Antonio Ingroia: Civil Revolution 765,172 2.25 0
Oscar Giannino: Act to Stop the Decline 380,937 1.12 0
Others 604,857 1.81 0

Senate

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Pier Luigi Bersani:
Italy. Common Good
Democratic Party 8,400,255 27.43 105
Left Ecology Freedom 912,374 2.97 7
Others 374,054 1.20 1
Total 9,686,683 31.63 113
Silvio Berlusconi:
Centre-right coalition
The People of Freedom 6,829,373 22.30 98
Lega Nord 1,328,555 4.33 17
Brothers of Italy 590,083 1.92 0
Others 657,668 2.11 1
Total 9,405,679 30.71 116
Beppe Grillo: Five Star Movement 7,285,850 23.79 54
Mario Monti: With Monti for Italy 2,797,486 9.13 18
Antonio Ingroia: Civil Revolution 549,987 1.79 0
Others 891,849 3.07 0

Graph of general election results

This graph shows the results of elections held in Italy from 1946 to today, with the percentages of consensus gathered by the various parties and movements displayed by color. Passing your mouse over the different colored sections will display the name of the grouping and the percentage in the corresponding election. Clicking on a region will direct you to the article on the party or election selected.

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Past elections and referendums

Presidential appointment

Referendums

The constitution of Italy provides for two kinds of binding referendums.

A legislative referendum can be called in order to abrogate a law totally or partially, if requested by 500,000 electors or five regional councils. This kind of referendum is valid only if at least a majority of electors goes to the polling station. It is forbidden to call a referendum regarding financial laws or laws relating to pardons or the ratification of international treaties.

A constitutional referendum can be called in order to approve a constitutional law or amendment only when it has been approved by the Houses (Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic) with a majority of less than two thirds in both or either House, and only at the request of one fifth of the members of either House, or 500,000 electors or five Regional Councils. A constitutional referendum is valid no matter how many electors go to the polling station. Any citizen entitled to vote in an election to the Chamber of Deputies may participate in a referendum.

See also

References

  1. Incl. the Union for Trentino (UPT) party leader Lorenzo Dellai, who decided not to submit his own party list for the Monti-coalition, but opted to be a direct part of the Civic Choice list.[2][3]
  1. Frye, Andrew (24 April 2013). "Letta Named Italian Prime Minister as Political Gridlock Eases". Bloomberg.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "List Monti in Trentino: Lorenzo Dellai and candidates from Societa' Civile" (in Italian). l'Adige. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Regional elections, the idea of coalition wins" (in Italian). l'Adige. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links