Elections in Mongolia

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Elections in Mongolia gives information on elections and election results in Mongolia.

Mongolia elects its head of state - the President of Mongolia - at the national level. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people, using the Two-round system. The State Great Khural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural, State Great Assembly) has 76 members, originally elected for a four-year term from single-seat constituencies. Due to the voting system, Mongolia experienced extreme shifts in the composition of the parliament after the 1996, 2000, and 2004 elections, so it has changed to a more proportional system in which some seats are filled on the basis of votes for local candidates, and some on the basis of nationwide party preference totals. Beginning in 2008, local candidates were elected from 26 electoral districts. Beginning with the 2012 elections, a parallel system was enacted, combining a district part and a nationwide proportional part. 48 seats are chosen at the local level in 26 districts with 1-3 seats using Plurality-at-large voting. 28 seats are chosen from nationwide closed party lists using the Largest remainder method. In the district seats, a candidate is required to get at least 28% of the vote cast in a district to be elected. If there are seats that are not filled due to this threshold, a runoff election is held in the respective district with twice the number of representatives as there are seats to be filled, between the top vote-getters of the first round.[1][2]

Dominant parties are the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), the Democratic Party (DP or AН), the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and the Civil Will-Green Party (CWGP). In the 2012 legislative elections, the MPRP and Mongolian National Democratic Party ran together as the Justice Coalition, winning 11 seats.


Presidential Election, 2013

e • d Summary of the 26 June 2013 Mongolian presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Democratic Party 622,794 50.89
Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene Mongolian People's Party 520,380 42.52
Natsagiin Udval Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party 80,563 6.58
Invalid/blank votes 13,688
Total 1,239,784 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,864,273 66.50
Source: Mongolian Electoral Commission

Legislative Election, 2012

e • d  Summary of the 28 June 2012 Mongolian State Great Khural election results
Party Constituency Party list Total
+/– Votes summary
Seats +/− Seats +/− Votes  % +/−
Democratic Party 24 Decrease6 10 Increase10 34 Increase4 399,194 35.32% +35.32
Mongolian People's Party 17 Decrease26 9 Increase9 26 Decrease20 353,839 31.31% +31.31
Justice Coalition (MPRP and MNDP) 4 Increase4 7 Increase7 11 Increase11 252,077 22.31% +22.31
Civil Will–Green Party 0 Decrease2 2 Increase2 2 Steady 62,310 5.51% +5.51
Independents 3 Increase2 0 Steady 3 Increase2
Totals 48 Steady 28 Steady 76 Steady 1,198,086 100%
Registered voters/turnout 1,833,478 65.24%
Source: General Election Commission of Mongolia, UB Post Mongolia Today News.mn Revote (News.mn)

Presidential Election, 2009

e • d Summary of the 24 May 2009 Mongolian presidential election results
Candidates – Nominating parties Votes %
Tsakhiagiin ElbegdorjDemocratic Party, Civic Will Party and Mongolian Green Party 562,459 51.24%
Nambaryn EnkhbayarMongolian People's Revolutionary Party 520,805 47.44%
Total (turnout 73.52%) 1,083,264 98.68%
Source: General Election Commission of Mongolia

Legislative Election, 2008

e • d Summary of the 29 June 2008 Mongolian State Great Khural election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party1 (Mongol Ardyn Khuv'sgalt Nam) 914,037 52.67% 45
Democratic Party (Ardchilsan Nam) 701,641 40.43% 27
Civic Will Party (Irgenii Zorig Nam ) 34,319 1.97% 1
Civic Coalition (Irgenii Evsel) 24,806 1.42% 1
Independents 60,320 3.47% 1
Total (turnout 74.31%) 1,735,123 100% 76
Source: General Election Commission of Mongolia

1Later changed to Mongolian People's Party.

Presidential Election, 2005

e • d Summary of the 20 May 2005 Mongolian presidential election results
Candidates – Nominating party Votes %
Nambaryn EnkhbayarMongolian People's Revolutionary Party 495,730 54.2%
Mendsaikhany EnkhsaikhanDemocratic Party 184,743 20.2%
Bazarsad JargalsaikhanRepublican Party 129,147 14.1%
Badarchiin ErdenebatMotherland Party 105,171 11.5%
Total (turnout 74.9%) 914,791 100.00%
Source: General Election Commission of Mongolia

See also


  1. "The names of the 72 candidates received seats in the Parliament of Mongolia". InfoMongolia.com. July 6, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    (PDF). 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
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