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File:Electrocardiophone concert img125.jpg
Electrocardiophone used during a live performance

An electrocardiophone or cardiophone is a musical instrument or diagnostic tool[1] which uses heart waves (measured in the same way as an ECG) to generate or modulate sounds.

James Fung, Ariel Garten, and Steve Mann (~2003) have created a wide variety of underwater biophone systems that use physiological signals to control different musical variables in an intricate way, as well as to actually generate sounds, including underwater ECG and EEG concerts.[2]

The electrocardiophone is a quintephone in the sense that it creates sound from the "5th classical element" (i.e. from beyond the world of matter).

Related concepts

The electrocardiophone is related to the electroencephalophone. In addition to sound-production, regenerative brainwave musical performances use brainwave interfaces to modify or manipulate or play along with sounds of other instruments in a live performance context.


See also


  1. "The Electrocardiophone: A New Instrument for Rapid Bedside Diagnosis of Cardiac Arrhythmias - GREEN 36 (6): 975 - Circulation". Circ.ahajournals.org. Retrieved 2008-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. http://wearcam.org/icmc2007/

External links