Epiglottal stop

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Epiglottal stop
(pharyngeal stop)
IPA number 173
Entity (decimal) ʡ
Unicode (hex) U+02A1
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)

The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʡ⟩.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]


The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Amis QuQul [ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ] 'fog' May have a trilled release, ʢ].
Archi гӀарз [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[2] [ndoːʡo] 'floor'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut [ɲɔˑhɔˑʡ] 'tree'

See also


  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. Maddieson et al. (1993:?)


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