Equity feminism

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Equity feminism (also stylized equity-feminism) is a form of liberal feminism discussed since the 1980s,[1][2] specifically a kind of classical liberal feminism and libertarian feminism.[3] It is compatible with evolutionary psychology.[4]

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy refers to Wendy McElroy, Joan Kennedy Taylor, Cathy Young, Rita Simon, Katie Roiphe, Diana Furchtgott-Roth, Christine Stolba and Christina Hoff Sommers as equity feminists. Steven Pinker, an evolutionary psychologist, identifies himself as an equity feminist, which he defines as "a moral doctrine about equal treatment that makes no commitments regarding open empirical issues in psychology or biology".[5]

Distinctions have been made between conservative and radical forms of equity feminism.[6] Many young conservative women have accepted equity feminism.[7]

There are differences between this and equality feminism[2] or social feminism[8][9] or difference feminism.[10]

Anne-Marie Kinahan claims that most American women look to a kind of feminism whose main goal is equity;[11] Louis Schubert et al claim "principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States".[12]

See also


  1. Black, Naomi (1989). Social Feminism. Cornell University Press. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Halfmann, Jost (28 July 1989). "3. Social Change and Political Mobilization in West Germany". In Katzenstein, Peter J. Industry and Politics in West Germany: Toward the Third Republic. p. 79. Equity-feminism differs from equality-feminism 
  3. "Liberal Feminism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2016.  (revised 30 September 2013)
  4. Kuhle, Barry X. (2011). "Evolutionary psychology is compatible with equity feminism". Evolutionary Psychology (journal). Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. 
  5. Pinker, Steven (2002). The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. Viking. p. 341. 
  6. Almeder, Robert F. (13 August 2003). "Equity Feminism and Academic Feminism". In Pinnick, Cassandra L.; Koertge, Noretta. Scrutinizing Feminist Epistemology: An Examination of Gender in Science. p. 183. I defend the stronger or more conservative form of equity feminism .. I identify these latter more radical forms of equity feminism with academic feminism 
  7. Iannello, Kathleen (18 August 2010). "8: Women's Leadership and Third-Wave Feminism (in Part II: History of Women's Public Leadership, in Volume One)". In O'Connor, Karen. Gender and Women?s Leadership: A Reference Handbook. SAGE Publications, Inc. p. 76. The concept of equity feminism has taken hold among many younger conservative women 
  8. Buechler, Steven M. (1 September 1990). "3: Ideologies and Visions". Women's Movements in the United States: Woman Suffrage, Equal Rights, and Beyond. Rutgers University Press. p. 118. Equity feminism, whether liberal, Marxist or socialist, relies on male classifications .. Social feminism, whether maternal, cultural or radical, appeals to female values 
  9. Black, Naomi; Brandt, Gail Cuthbert (16 April 1999). "7: Towards a New Analysis". Feminist Politics on the Farm: Rural Catholic Women in Southern Quebec and Southwestern France. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 200. we found two strands, both of which we wanted to include as political: an equity feminism seeking equal rights .. and women's collective action that looked more like a social feminism 
  10. Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale, eds. (16 April 2004). "Equality". Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Routledge. p. 672. There are two dominant strains within the equality debate: "equity feminism" and "difference feminism". 
  11. Kinahan, Anne-Marie (3 August 2004). "One: Foundations: Women Who Run from the Wolves: Feminist Critique As Post-Feminism". In Prince, Althea; Silva-Wayne, Susan. Feminisms and Womanisms: A Women's Studies Reader. p. 120. Most American women subscribe philosophically to that older "First Wave" kind of feminism whose main goal is equity .. A First Wave, "mainstream," or "equity" feminist wants for women what she wants for everyone .. equity feminism has turned out to be a great American success story. 
  12. Schubert, Louis; Dye, Thomas R.; Zeigler, Harmon (2014). "13: Civil Rights: Diversifying the Elite: Women's Rights in the United States". The Irony of Democracy: An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics (17th ed.). p. 331. The principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States.