Euphratensis

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Provincia Augusta Euphratensis
ἐπαρχία Εὑφρατησίας
Province of the Roman Empire
c. 341–7th Century
Location of Euphratensis
Diocese of Orient circa 400, showing Euphratensis
Capital Cyrrus or Hierapolis Bambyce
Historical era Antiquity
 •  Established c. 341
 •  Division of the empire by Theodosius I 395
 •  Arab-Byzantine Wars 7th Century
Today part of  Syria
 Turkey

Euphratensis (Latin for "Euphratean"; Greek: Εὑφρατησία, Euphratēsía), fully Augusta Euphratensis, was a Roman province in Greater Syria, part of the late Roman Diocese of the East.

History

Sometime between 330 and 350 (likely c. 341), the province of Euphratensis was created out of the territory of Syria Coele along the western bank of the Euphrates.[1] It included the territories of Commagene and Cyrrhestice. Its capital was Cyrrus[2] or perhaps Hierapolis Bambyce.[1]

Episcopal sees

Ancient episcopal sees of the Roman province of Syria Euphratensis Prima listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[3]

Ancient episcopal sees of the Roman province of Syria Euphratensis Secunda listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[3]

  • Agrippias (ruins of Saliliyé)
  • Orisa (Tayibe)
  • Sergiopolis, the Metropolitan Archbishopric
  • Serigene (Isriyë)
  • Zenobias (ruins of Halabiyé)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kazhdan, Alexander (Ed.) (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 
  2. Edmund Spenser Bouchier, Syria as a Roman Province, 1916, p. 155
  3. 3.0 3.1 Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013