Hurt Wood or Ewhurst windmill
Church of St Peter and St Paul, Ewhurst
Ewhurst shown within Surrey
|Area||23.79 km2 (9.19 sq mi)|
|Population||2,391 (Civil Parish)|
|– density||101/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||28 mi (45 km) SW|
|Civil parish||Ewhurst and Ellen's Green|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Ewhurst // is a rural village and civil parish in the borough of Waverley in Surrey, England. It is located 8.3 miles (13.4 km) south-east of Guildford, 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Cranleigh and 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south of Shere.
The parish includes the smaller hamlets of Ellen's Green and Cox Green near the border with West Sussex. At the north is Hurt Wood, a part of the Surrey Hills AONB. The Greensand Ridge also passes through this area. The rest of the parish, apart from Ewhurst village itself, is classified as an Area of Great Landscape Value (AGLV).
Holmbury Hill with its Iron Age settlements in the parishes of Shere, Guildford borough and Abinger, Mole Valley borough Holmbury St Mary for early British settlers would have been a more suitable, accessible settlement than the denser woodland of this area.
A Roman road NNW to SSE just west of the village centre runs from Rowhook over the Sussex border where it met with England's south Stane Street (stone street) between London and Chichester the other end point is not clear however it was traced in the reign of Victoria by James Park Harrison (1816-1901) and the Rapley Roman villa's remains are west of the village: interesting discoveries include a tile-kiln discovered and excavated in 1836 and from the villa itself in the 1960s, fragments of a glass goblet and an unusual vase decorated with a 'Mural Crown'.
"the vast quantities of yew trees that formerly abounded here."
When King John was at Guildford and Knepp Castle in West Sussex on the same day, 21 January 1215, in winter when unmade ways were foul, he very probably used the Roman road. Historian H. E. Malden commented of the village in 1911, nothing shows the backwardness of the Weald more than the absolute disuse and forgetting (and abandonment) of these lines of through passage. Ewhurst is not named in Domesday. It was part of the great royal manor of Gomshall but was probably sparsely inhabited. That there was some population soon afterwards is implied by Norman work in the church, a chapel to Shere, the earliest evidence of it as a parish was in 1291.
The richness of the Weald's natural resources led it to become an industrial centre of Britain, as both the iron and glass industries needed large amounts of timber for fuel. There is a site of a bloomery iron works at Coneyhurst Gill and glassmaking sites at Ellen's Green and Summersbury/Somersbury. The wealth of the area can also be seen in the many fine timber framed houses dating from this medieval and Tudor period, however reliance on coal and the work of the industrial revolution later led to neglect, poverty, highwaymen and smuggling exacerbated by the less well trodden transportation connections.
As shown by the list of prominent Victorian and twentieth century figures, the wood nestled physical geography of the area has led to home building among wealthy individuals in the parish.
As shown, Ewhurst is a narrow parish. The northeast of the area includes the large Mullard Space Science Laboratory of UCL formerly Holmbury House laboratory and several sloped copses. Woodland forms a considerable minority of land use also on the wealden clay across the parish such as Upper Canfold Wood (north of Cranleigh Road) and Buildings and Somersbury Woods (north and south of Horsham Road).
There are several of country houses with historically dominant estates, upon which much agriculture and gardening continues[n 2]; the largest is Baynards Park, which formerly had a Grade II listed country house.
Outlying the village, on Pitch Hill, is Marylands a Grade II* listed home by Oliver Hill, constructed in 1929-31 of sandstone with a green Swedish pantiled roof. It was built for M C Warner in a blend of Spanish architecture and Lutyens. It has been used as a film location, including for episodes of Poirot mysteries.
There are a few listed buildings closer to the church including one at Grade II*, White Hart Cottage. The East window behind the altar in the church was commissioned from Archibald Keightley Nicholson as a memorial window for Captain William Ralph Frecheville who was executed after capture 9 January 1920 aged 24, in Rostov-on-Don, Russia, whilst serving as part of the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War.
There is just one shop in the main village, a village hall for community events and a public houses throughout including at Ellen's Green and Ewhurst Green which is a continuation of the village just south of the main village.
- Hurtwood House residential 16-18, renowned for its theatre and media departments and at £11,725 per term the most expensive school or Higher Education college in the UK
- Duke of Kent School
- Ewhurst C of E Infant School
Sport and Leisure
The village's area includes Sayers Croft, a former evacuee centre that is now an outdoor and environmental education centre. The centre has hosted over half a million visitors in its 70 year history.
The village is also home to Hurtwood Polo Club, which aside from polo, holds several music events and shows throughout the year.
Demography and housing
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
Ewhurst's famous residents include:
- Eric Clapton, who is known to play at the Church of England church
- Mike Rutherford, founding member of Genesis
- Kenney Jones of Small Faces and The Who
- Jim Davidson
- Gary Brooker, founder of Procol Harum
- Diane James MEP for UKIP
- Brough Scott
Former residents include:
- Sir Hugh F. Locke King (1848–1926), Brooklands motor circuit entrepreneur
- Sir Henry Doulton (1820–1897), Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur, businessman, inventor and manufacturer of pottery
- Sir Dugald Clerk (1854–1932) who designed the world's first successful two-stroke engine
- Bernard Bosanquet (1877–1936), cricketer.
- Geoffrey Greig (1897–1960), cricketer
- John Evershed (1864–1956), astronomer and discoverer of the Evershed effect.
- Mary Ackworth Orr Evershed (1867–1949), astronomer and Dante scholar.
- Kenneth Biggs (1911–1998), soldier awarded the George Cross.
- Jonathan King, controversial former song-writer and record producer.
Notes and References
- In fact the 1719 book was almost a complete republication of John Aubrey's earlier Perambulation of Surrey published under the name Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey
- e.g. from north to south, all have architecturally Grade II listed buildings
Lukyns: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044318)". National Heritage List for England.
Losely:Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1352797)". National Heritage List for England.
Pollingfold Manor: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044336)". National Heritage List for England.
North Breache Manor: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1392276)". National Heritage List for England.
Somersbury Manor House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044342)". National Heritage List for England. and
Ellens or Ellens Manor Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044332)". National Heritage List for England.
Pollingfold, Somersbury, Coneyhurst, East Pollingfold and Maybanks which has been rebuilt and is near Cox Green were the five manors
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1190554)". National Heritage List for England.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Grid Reference measurement tools
- Surrey Hills AGLV Review
- Ewhurst History website
- Deaths in the June Quarter of 1901 in the Lewisham dist. Harrison, James Park aged 84, General Register Office, 1d 638
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ewhurst". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- Exploring Surrey's Past: Rapley Roman Villa
- see for instance the Weald
- Horsham Road 1.5 miles (2.4 km)is from the village centre, see Grid Reference measurement tools
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044362)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1190455)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1253713)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044312)". National Heritage List for England.
- Jonathan King. "King of Hits". Retrieved 1 December 2012.
Media related to Ewhurst, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons