Examination Yuan

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Examination Yuan
Examination Yuan maingate.jpg
Agency overview
Formed January 1930
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Wenshan, Taipei
Agency executives
Website www.exam.gov.tw
Examination Yuan
Chinese 考試院
Literal meaning Court of Examinations

The Examination Yuan (Chinese: 考試院; pinyin: Kǎoshì Yuàn; Wade–Giles: K'ao3-shih4 Yüan4) is in charge of validating the qualification of civil servants in the Republic of China. It is one of the five government branches ("yuans") of the Government of the Republic of China. As a special branch of government under the Three Principles of the People, it may (retrospectively) be compared with the European Personnel Selection Office of the European Union or the Office of Personnel Management of the United States of America. Founded by Chinese nationalists at the beginning of the 20th century, the Examination Yuan is based on the old Imperial examination system used in Imperial China.


After the end of Northern Expedition in 1928, the Nationalist Government set up the preparatory office of the Examination Yuan in October 1928 in which the organic law was promulgated. In May 1929, the headquarter of Examination Yuan was inaugurated at Kuankung and Yueh Fei Temple in Nanking. In January 1930, the Examination Yuan and its subordinates Examination Committee and Ministry of Civil Service were formally established.

In December 1937, the headquarter was relocated to Chungking during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In January 1950, the headquarter was relocated temporarily to Taipei Confucius Temple in Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War. In December 1951, the headquarter was moved to Muzha District, Taipei. In March 1990, the Yuheng Building of the Yuan was inaugurated.[2]

Organizational structure

  • Counselors
  • Secretariat
  • First Division
  • Second Division
  • Third Division
  • Editing and Compilation Office
  • Information Management Office
  • Secretary Office
  • Personnel Office
  • Accounting Office
  • Statistics Office
  • Civil Service Ethics Office
  • Petition and Appeals Committee
  • Legal Affairs Committee
  • Research and Development Committee[3]

See also


External links