Extreme points of North America

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North America

This is a list of the extreme points of North America: the points that are highest and lowest, and farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. Some of these points are debatable, given the varying definitions of North America.

North America and surrounding islands

  • Northernmost point — Kaffeklubben Island, Greenland Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.. Although politically part of the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland is geologically part of the North American plate. If Greenland is excluded from North America, the northernmost point is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found..
  • Southernmost point — Cocos Island, Costa Rica Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
  • Westernmost point — The westernmost point depends on the definition of "westernmost". If following the International Date Line, it would be Cape Wrangell on Attu Island, Alaska, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.. However, if the border between east and west is defined by the 180th meridian, the westernmost point is the West Point of Amatignak Island Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found., as Attu Island is in the Eastern Hemisphere.
  • Easternmost point — Nordostrundingen, Greenland Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.. If Greenland is excluded then the easternmost point is Cape Spear, Newfoundland, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.. Again, if one uses the technical definition of longitude it is Pochnoi Point on Semisopochnoi Island, Alaska, Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. since the state stretches into the Eastern Hemisphere.

Continental North America

  • Northernmost point — Zenith Point, Nunavut, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
  • Southernmost point — Punta Mariato, Veraguas, Panama Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
  • Westernmost point — Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
  • Easternmost point — Cape Saint Charles, Labrador Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.

Highest points

Lowest points

  • Badwater Basin, Death Valley, California, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest land surface of North America at −85.0 m (−279 feet)[8]
  • Salton Sea, California, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest lake of North America at −69 m (−226 feet)
  • Furnace Creek Airport, California, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest airfield of the Americas at −64 m (−210 feet)
  • Furnace Creek,[9] California, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest settlement of the Americas at −58 m (−190 ft)
  • Calipatria, California, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest city of the Americas at −56 m (−184 feet)
  • Lago Enriquillo, Dominican Republic, Hispaniola Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest lake on an island and lowest surface point on any ocean island on Earth at −27 m (−89 feet)
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest city of the Americas with an average elevation of −0.5 m (−1.5 feet)
  • Isthmus of Rivas, Rivas, Nicaragua Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest pass between Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean (on the Continental Divide of the Americas) at 56 m (184 feet)
  • Great Slave Lake bottom, Northwest Territories, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — lowest fresh water point of the Americas at −458 m (−1,503 feet)

Other points

Islands

  • Island of Greenland Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive island on Earth at 2,130,800 km2 (822,700 square miles) and tallest island of Western Hemisphere at 3694 m (12,119 feet)
  • Island of Cuba Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive island of the Caribbean at 104,556 km2 (40,369 square miles)
  • Hispaniola Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — tallest island of the Caribbean at 3175 m (10,417 feet) and second most extensive island of the Caribbean at 76,480 km2 (29,529 square miles)
  • Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, Ontario, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive lake island on Earth at 2,766 km2 (1,068 square miles)

Lakes

  • Lake Superior, Canada and the United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most voluminous lake in Western Hemisphere at 11,600 km3 (2,800 cubic miles)
  • Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — deepest lake in Western Hemisphere at 614 m (2,014 feet)
  • Lake Michigan–Huron, Canada and the United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive lake in Western Hemisphere and the most extensive fresh water lake on Earth at 117,702 km2 (45,445 square miles)
  • Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive lake on an island on Earth at 5,066 km2 (1,956 square miles)
  • Great Salt Lake, Utah, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive endorheic lake at 4,400 km2 (1,700 square miles)
  • Lake Manitou on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, Ontario, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive lake on an island in a lake on Earth at 104 km2 (40 square miles)

Rivers

  • Mississippi Basin, Canada and the United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — most extensive river basin at 2,981,076 km2 (1,151,000 square miles)
  • Mississippi-Missouri-Jefferson Rivers, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest river system at 6,275 km (3,902 miles)
  • Missouri River, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest main stem river at 3,768 km (2,341 miles)
  • Mississippi River, United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Gulf of Mexico main stem river at 3,544 km (2,202 miles)
  • Yukon River, Canada and the United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Bering Sea main stem river at 3,185 km (1,979 miles)
  • Nelson River, Manitoba, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Hudson Bay main stem river at 2,575 km (1,600 miles)
  • Colorado River, United States and Mexico Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Gulf of California main stem river at 2,330 km (1,450 miles)
  • Columbia River, Canada and the United States Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Pacific Ocean main stem river at 2,000 km (1,243 miles)
  • Mackenzie River, Northwest Territories, Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Arctic Ocean main stem river at 1,738 km (1,080 miles)
  • Saint Lawrence River, United States and Canada Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. — longest Atlantic Ocean main stem river at 965 km (600 miles)

Extreme points of North American countries

See also

Notes

  1. Pico de Orizaba is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla, Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, and all of México
  2. The summit of Grays Peak is the highest point of the Front Range and the Continental Divide of North America.
  3. The summit elevation of Grays Peak includes an adjustment of +1.881 m (+6.2 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  4. Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Republic of Guatemala and all of Central America. Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000 m (13,123-foot) summit of North America
  5. Gunnbjørn Fjeld is the highest point on the Island of Greenland, Kalaallit Nunaat, the Kingdom of Denmark, and the entire Arctic
  6. Pico Duarte is the highest point on the Island of Hispaniola, the Dominican Republic, and all the islands of the Caribbean Sea

References

  1. Mark Newell; Blaine Horner (September 2, 2015). "New Elevation for Nation's Highest Peak" (Press release). USGS. Retrieved September 26, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Pico de Orizaba". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Grays Peak". NGS Station Datasheet. United States National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved September 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Grays Peak". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Volcán Tajumulco". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved January 11, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Gunnbjørn Fjeld". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Pico Duarte". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)". United States Geological Survey. September 21, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Furnace Creek in Death Valley, California, United States set the world record for the highest reliably reported ambient air temperature of 134 °F (56.7 °C) on July 10, 1913. This record has been eclipsed only once by a questionable reading of 136 °F (57.8 °C) recorded in 'Aziziya, Libya, on September 13, 1922.

External links

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