F-89 Scorpion units of the United States Air Force

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
File:59th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Northrop F-89D Scorpions.jpg
59th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Northrop F-89D Scorpions in formation

The Northrop F-89 Scorpion was a subsonic second-generation jet interceptor of the United States Air Force. After a long development during the postwar era of the late 1940s, it began reaching operational units in the early 1950s. A stablemate of the North American F-86D Sabre Interceptor, the F-89 replaced the first-generation Lockheed F-94 Starfire interceptor, primarily in the Air Defense Command (ADC). It was phased out of active service in the late 1950s, being replaced by supersonic McDonnell F-101B Voodoos and Convair F-102A Delta Daggers. interceptors.

Models and Service Life

  • F-89B Scorpion, First production model, 40 produced; first assigned to the 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Hamilton AFB, California in June 1951.[1] All transferred to Air National Guard by the end of 1954.[2]
  • F-89C Scorpion, Second production model, 164 produced. First assigned to the 74th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Presque Isle AFB, Maine in January 1952.[1] All transferred to Air National Guard by the end of 1954.[3]
  • F-89D Scorpion, Third (and major) production model, 682 produced. First assigned to the 18th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Ladd AFB, Alaska in January 1954.[1] All transferred to Air National Guard by the end of 1961.[4]
  • F-89H Scorpion, Fourth (and last) production model; adaptation of the missile-armed F-89D to carry the new AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile, 156 produced. First assigned to the 445th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Wurtsmith AFB, Michigan in March 1956.[1] All transferred to Air National Guard by September 1959.[5]
  • F-89J Scorpion, F-89Ds modified to carry Douglas MB-1 (later AIR-2) Genie nuclear-tipped unguided air-to-air rocket, 350 modified. First assigned to the 54th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Ellsowrth AFB, South Dakota in July 1957[1][6]

The last active-duty USAF F-89J was transferred to Air National Guard service by the 57th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Keflavik Airport, Iceland in July, 1962.[1]

The Wisconsin Air National Guard 176th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was federalized during the Korean War, receiving F-89Cs in February 1952-while on active duty. It was returned to state control in November 1952. Two squadrons of the Wisconsin Air National Guard, the 126th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at General Mitchell Field, Milwaukee and the 176th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Truax Field, Madison were the first ANG units to be equipped with a mixture of F-89B/Cs in September 1954.[1]

The Northrop F-89 Scorpion reached the end of the line of US military service in July 1969 when the Iowa Air National Guard 124th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron retied its last F-89Js.[1]

Squadrons

Active-Duty USAF operational squadrons
Squadron Unit Model Service Notes/Subsequent History
11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 515th Air Defense Group F-89D Apr 1955-Aug 1956 Duluth International Airport, MN; Converted to F-102 Delta Dagger[7][8]
15th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 34th Air Division F-89J Apr 1959-Apr 1960 Davis Monthan Air Force Base, AZ; Converted to F-101B Voodoo[8]
18th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 514th Air Defense Group F-89D Jan 1954-Jun 1957 Alaskan Air Command; Ladd Air Force Base, AK; Converted to F-102 Delta Dagger[1]
29th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 29th Air Division F-89H
F-89J
May 1957-Jun 1960 Malmstrom Air Force Base, MT, F-89J April 1958; Converted to F-101B Voodoo June 1960[9]
49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 4727th Air Defense Group
Syracuse Air Defense Sector
F-89J Aug 1959-Dec 1959 Griffiss Air Force Base, NY, Acquired F-89Js by swapping F-86L Sabres with 465th FIS; Converted to F-101B/F Voodoo[10]
54th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 29th Air Division F-89J Jul 1957-Dec 1960 Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, Squadron inactivated 25 December 1960[10]
57th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 528th Air Defense Group
Iceland Air Defense Force
1400th Operations Group
F-89C
F-89D
F-89J
Apr 1953-Jul 1962 Presque Isle Air Force Base, ME; to Military Air Transport Service (MATS): Keflavik Airport, Iceland; To F-89D Aug 1953; F-89J Aug 1954; Last active-duty F-89 Squadron; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger[1][10]
58th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 33d Fighter Group
4735th Air Defense Group
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Apr 1955-Aug 1959 Otis Air Force Base, MA, F-89H 1956, F-89J 1957; Squadron inactivated 25 December 1960[1][10]
59th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 64th Air Division
4732d Air Defense Group
F-89D
F-89J
Dec 1954-Apr 1960 Goose Air Force Base, Labrador; transferred from Northeast Air Command (NEAC) with F-89Ds 1 April 1957 and converted to F-89J; converted to F-102A Delta Dagger[1][11]
61st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 64th Air Division
4731st Air Defense Group
F-89C
F-89D
Jun 1954-Nov 1957 Ernest Harmon Air Force Base, Labrador; transferred from NEAC with F-89Ds 1 April 1957; F-89D received Jan 1955; converted to F-102A Delta Dagger[1][11]
63d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 527th Air Defense Group
56th Fighter Group
F-89D Apr 1955-Aug 1955 Wurtsmith Air Force Base, MI; Inactivated; replaced by 445th FIS (Project Arrow) [11]
64th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 10th Air Division F-89C Apr 1954-Aug 1957 Alaskan Air Command: Elmendorf Air Force Base, AK; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger[1][12]
65th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 10th Air Division F-89C
F-89D
Apr 1954-Jan 1958 Alaskan Air Command: Elmendorf Air Force Base, AK; to F-89D November 1954; inactivated Jan 1958[1][12]
66th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 10th Air Division F-89D Jul 1954-Nov 1957 Alaskan Air Command: Elmendorf Air Force Base, AK; Inactivated Jan 1958[12][1]
74th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 4711th Air Defense Wing
528th Air Defense Group
64th Air Division
F-89C
F-89D
Jun 1952-Jun 1958 Presque Isle Air Force Base, ME; to NEAC, Thule Air Base, Greenland; F-89D June 1955; inactivated June 1958[1][12]
75th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 23d Fighter Group F-89D
F-89H
Aug 1955-Jul 1959 Presque Isle Air Force Base, ME; Replaced 318th FIS; F-89H April 1957; Converted to F-101B Voodoo July 1959[12]
76th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 23d Fighter Group
35th Air Division
32d Air Division
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Aug 1955-Apr 1961 Presque Isle Air Force Base, ME; McCoy Air Force Base, FL; Replaced 82d FIS; F-89H, November 1957; F-89J June 1959; Converted to F-102A April 1961[13]
82d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 28th Air Division F-89D Apr 1955-Aug 1955 Travis Air Force Base, CA; Inactivated; replaced by 76th FIS (Project Arrow)[13]
83d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 78th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89B Oct 1951-Jun 1952 Hamilton Air Force Base, CA; Converted to F-86D Sabre Interceptor, June 1952[13]
84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 78th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89B
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Jun 1951-Mar 1959 Hamilton Air Force Base, CA; First USAF F-89 Squadron; Converted to F-101B Voodoo, March 1959[14]
98th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 4621st Air Defense Wing
4728th Air Defense Group
New York Air Defense Sector
F-89D
F-89J
Apr 1956-Jul 1959 Dover Air Force Base, DE; activated with F-89D; F-89J April 1957; Converted to F-101B Voodoo, July 1959[15]
176th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 128th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89C Feb 1952-Nov 1952 Federalized Wisconsin Air National Guard during Korean War; Truax Field, WI, Federalized with F-89D; Only ANG unit during Korean War equipped with F-89; Returned to State Control, November 1952, re-equipped with F-51H Mustangs[1]
318th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 528th Air Defense Group F-89D Apr 1955-Aug 1955 Presque Isle Air Force Base, ME; Replaced by 75th FIS (Project Arrow), moved to McChord AFB, WA and re-equipped with F-86L Sabre Interceptor[16]
319th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 30th Air Division
Detroit Air Defense Sector
F-89J Oct 1957-Feb 1960 Bunker Hill Air Force Base, IN; Westover Air Force Base, MA; converted to F-106A Delta Dart, February 1960[16]
321st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 326th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Aug 1955-Mar 1960 Paine Air Force Base, WA; replaced 83d FIS; F-89H July 1956; F-89J Oct 1957; Inactivated March 1960[17]
337th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 514th Air Defense Group F-89D Jul 1954-Aug 1955 Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport, MN, Activated July 1954; Replaced in August 1955 by 432d FIS Project Arrow and moved to Westover AFB, MA; re-equipped with F-86D Sabre Interceptor [18]
432d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 475th Fighter Group F-89D
F-89H
Aug 1955-Jan 1958 Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, MN; Replaced 337th FIS; F-89H July 1956; Inactivated January 1958, assets to 109th FIS (Minnesota ANG)[19]
433d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 31st Air Division
520th Air Defense Group
11th Air Division
5001st Air Defense Group
32d Fighter Group
F-89C
F-89D
Nov 1952-Jan 1958 Truax Field, WI: Ladd Air Force Base, AK: Minot Air Force Base, ND; Took over ex 176th FIS aircraft; converted to F-89D sometime in 1955; inactivated January 1958[19]
437th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 414th Fighter Group F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Mar 1956-Jan 1960 Oxnard Air Force Base, CA; F-89H July 1956; F-89J March 1958; Converted to F-101B Voodoo January 1960[19]
438th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 507th Fighter Group F-89D Apr 1954-Jul 1957 Kincheloe Air Force Base, MI; Replaced with F-102A Delta Dagger, July 1957[19]
445th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 412th Fighter Group F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Aug 1955-Dec 1959 Wurtsmith Air Force Base, MI; Replaced 63d FIS, F-89H March 1956; F-89J October 1956; Converted to F-101B Voodoo December 1959[19]
449th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 5001st Air Defense Group
11th Air Division
F-89D Nov 1954-Aug 1960 Alaskan Air Command: Ladd Air Force Base, AK; inactivated August 1960[1]
460th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 337th Fighter Group F-89D Aug 1955-May 1958 Portland International Airport, OR; replaced 437th FIS; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger, May 1958[20]
465th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 4711th Air Defense Wing
32d Air Division
4727th Air Defense Group
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Oct 1955-Jul 1959 Griffiss Air Force Base, NY; F-89H, May 1956; F-89J Apr 1957; Swapped designations with 49th FIS July 1959, Converted to F-86L Sabre Interceptor[20]
497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 84th Fighter Group F-89D Apr 1954-Aug 1955 Portland International Airport, OR; converted to F-86D Sabre Interceptor[21]
USAF Air Training Command squadrons
3625th Combat Crew Training Squadron USAF Aircrew School (Interceptor) F-89B Dec 1951-Jan 1954 Tyndall Air Force Base, FL; Inactivated. Aircraft transferred to Alaska or Northeast Air Command[22]
3533d Combat Crew Training Squadron 3550th Combat Crew Training Wing F-89D
F-89H
Jul 1953-Jun 1957 Moody Air Force Base, GA; Inactivated. Training transferred to James Connolly AFB, TX[22]
4750th Pilot Training Wing F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Nov 1956-Jul 1958 Yuma County Airport, AZ; Inactivated. Training transferred to James Connolly AFB, TX[23]
3565th Training Wing F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Jun 1957-Jun 1968 James Connally Air Force Base, TX; Inactivated.[23]
Air National Guard squadrons
103d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 111th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89H
F-89J
May 1959-May 1962 Philadelphia International Airport, PA; Pennsylvania Air National Guard; F-89J July 1961; Converted to C-97 Stratofreighter May 1962[1]
107th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 127th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89H Jan 1958-Jan 1960 Detroit-Wayne Major Airport, MI; Michigan Air National Guard; Converted to RF-84F Thunderstreak April 1958[1]
109th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 133d Fighter Group F-89H Feb 1955-Apr 1958 Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport, MN; Minnesota Air National Guard; Converted to C-97A Stratofreighter January 1960[1]
116th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 141st Fighter Group F-89D
F-89J
Apr 1958-Jul 1965 Geiger Field, WA; Washington Air National Guard; F-89J July 1960; Converted to F-102A July 1965[1]
123d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 142d Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Jun 1957-Jan 1966 Portland International Airport, OR; Oregon Air National Guard; F-89H July 1958; F-89J March 1960; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger January 1966[1]
124th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 132d Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89J Apr 1962-Jul 1969 Des Moines Municipal Airport, IA; Iowa Air National Guard; F-89H July 1958; Received F-89Js from 126th FIS; Converted to F-84F Thunderstreak July 1969; Last ANG F-89 Squadron[1]
126th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 128th Fighter-Interceptor Wing F-89B/C
F-89D
F-89J
Sep 1954-Jun 1960 General Mitchell Field, WI; Wisconsin Air National Guard; First ANG F-89 Squadron; Received F-89D/J June 1960, then converted to KC-97 tankers almost immediately[1]
132d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 101st Air Defense Wing F-89D
F-89J
Sep 1957-Jul 1969 Dow Air Force Base, ME; Maine Air National Guard; F-89J January 1960; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger July 1969[1]
134th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 158th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89D
F-89J
Apr 1958-Jul 1965 Ethan Allen Air Force Base, VT; Vermont Air National Guard; F-89J July 1960; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger July 1965[1]
171st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 127th Fighter Group F-89C Feb 1955-Apr 1958 Detroit-Wayne Major Airport, MI; Michigan Air National Guard; Converted to RF-84F Thunderstreak April 1958[1]
172d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 110th Fighter-Interceptor Group
127th Fighter-Interceptor Group
F-89C Feb 1955-Apr 1958 W. K. Kellogg Airport, MI; Michigan Air National Guard; Converted to B-57A Canberra Spring 1958[1]
175th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 114th Fighter-Interceptor Group F-89D Apr 1958-Jul 1960 Sioux Falls Regional Airport, SD; South Dakota Air National Guard; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger, July 1960[1]
176th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 128th Fighter-Interceptor Group
115th Fighter-Interceptor Group
F-89B/C
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Sep 1954-Apr 1966 Truax Field, WI; Wisconsin Air National Guard; First ANG F-89 Squadron; F-89D, August 1958; F-89J Jan 1960; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger April 1966[1]
178th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 133d Fighter-Interceptor Group
119th Fighter Group
F-89D May 1958-Jul 1966 Hector Field, ND; North Dakota Air National Guard; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger July 1966[1]
179th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 133d Fighter-Interceptor Group
148th Fighter Group
F-89D
F-89H
Sep 1957-Nov 1966 Duluth Airport, MN; Minnesota Air National Guard; F-89H November 1959; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger November 1966[1]
186th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 140th Fighter Group
120th Fighter Group
F-89C
F-89H
F-89J
Apr 1956-Jul 1966 Great Falls International Airport, MT; Montana Air National Guard; F-89H April 1958; F-89J March 1960; Converted to F-102A Delta Dagger July 1966[1]
190th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 140th Fighter-Bomber Group
124th Fighter Group
F-89B May 1956-July 1959 Gowen Field, ID; Idaho Air National Guard; Converted to F-86L Sabre Interceptor, July 1959[1]

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 Isham, Marty J. (2004), Northrop F-89 Scorpion: A Photo Chronicle (Schiffer Military History Book), Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., ISBN 0764300652
  2. Baugher, Northrop F-89B Scorpion
  3. Baugher, Northrop F-89C Scorpion
  4. Baugher, Northrop F-89D Scorpion
  5. Baugher, Northrop F-89H Scorpion
  6. Baugher, Northrop F-89J Scorpion
  7. Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 Cornett & Johnson, p 114
  9. Cornett & Johnson, p 115
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Cornett & Johnson, p 116
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Cornett & Johnson, p 117
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Cornett & Johnson, p 118
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Cornett & Johnson, p 119
  14. Cornett & Johnson, p 120
  15. Cornett & Johnson, p 121
  16. 16.0 16.1 Cornett & Johnson, p 124
  17. Cornett & Johnson, p 125
  18. Cornett & Johnson, p 127
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 Cornett & Johnson, p 128
  20. 20.0 20.1 Cornett & Johnson, p 129
  21. Cornett & Johnson, p 130
  22. 22.0 22.1 Cornett & Johnson, p 81
  23. 23.0 23.1 Cornett & Johnson, p 82

External links