Fatah Halab

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Conquest of Aleppo[1]
فتح حلب
Fatah Halab

Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Logo of Fatah Halab
Logo of Fatah Halab
Active 26 April 2015 – present[2]
Headquarters Aleppo, Syria
Area of operations Aleppo, Syria[3]
Strength 22,000[4]
Allies Ansar al-Sharia
Mare' Operations Room
Hawar Kilis Operations Room
Jaysh Halab
Opponents Syrian Armed Forces

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Syrian Democratic Forces
Battles and wars Syrian Civil War

Fatah Halab (Arabic: فتح حلب‎, lit. 'Conquest of Aleppo'‎), or Aleppo Conquest, is a joint operations room of Syrian rebel factions operating in Aleppo, Syria. Succeeding the Aleppo Liberation operations room, its establishment was announced on 26 April 2015[1][2] Its stated aim is to "liberate" Aleppo City from Syrian regime forces.[6]

In an October 2015 publication, the Washington D.C.-based Institute for the Study of War considered Aleppo Conquest as one of the "powerbrokers" in Aleppo Province, being both "anti-regime" and "anti-ISIS."[6]

On 13 May 2016, Amnesty International accused the Fatah Halab coalition of "repeated indiscriminate attacks that may amount to war crimes". It also reported their alleged use of chemical weapons. [7]

Member groups

The operations room includes both Western-backed groups[8] and Islamist groups. It includes some groups that also participate in the Islamist Ansar al-Sharia operations room, but not others, such as al-Nusra Front.[9] Previously al-Nusra coordinated with other groups through the Aleppo Operations Room, an arrangement that the US objected to.[10]

The number of groups participating increased after its founding, and by 18 June 2015 there were 31 groups.[11] On 28 July, 19 FSA-linked groups joined it.[citation needed]

As of October 2015 they are a total of 50 groups of varying size, the following are the largest groups that participate in the operations room:[12]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Masi, Alessandria (26 April 2015). "Syria's coming battle for Aleppo: It's everybody against Assad and ISIS". International Business Times. Retrieved 2 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bisaccio, Derek (26 April 2015). "Aleppo city operation". Foreign Policy Talk. Retrieved 2 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Syria: Coming together to fight Assad in Aleppo". al-Araby al-Jadeed. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Rebels assault regime supply lines in Hama ahead of Aleppo showdown". Syria Direct. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "YPG, allies clash with Syrian opposition groups in Aleppo". Middle East Eye. 29 November 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cafarella & Casagrande 2015, p. 3.
  7. "Syria: armed opposition group committing war crimes in Aleppo - new evidence". Amnesty International UK. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Syria military resists major rebel assault in Aleppo". BBC News. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Joscelyn, Thomas (3 July 2015). "Al Nusrah Front, allies form new coalition for battle in Aleppo". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 5 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Jamie Dettmer (January 27, 2015). "Exclusive: Obama Cuts Off Syrian Rebels' Cash". The Daily Beast.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Infographic: "Fatah Halab" military operations room – coalition of 31 rebel factions". Archicivilians. 18 June 2015. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Cafarella & Casagrande 2015, pp. 8–13
  13. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aI3yAmNGW1vLpJCOrhiVLqpUUIX9PG1RNsCqJGGfhxI/edit
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=230ab-28hls&feature=youtu.be
  15. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aI3yAmNGW1vLpJCOrhiVLqpUUIX9PG1RNsCqJGGfhxI/edit
  16. https://twitter.com/archicivilians/status/715590436904157184
  17. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aI3yAmNGW1vLpJCOrhiVLqpUUIX9PG1RNsCqJGGfhxI/edit
  18. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOPpVXv9qZQ

Sources