Feminism in Nepal

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Feminism in Nepal is primarily concerned with equity and equality of opportunity. Nepali society is traditionally highly patriarchal—it was not until 2007 that women under 35 could apply for passports without their father's or husband's permission—and feminists in Nepal seeks to redress this situation. Most women in Nepal are considered to be beneath their husbands and fathers in a patriarchal society.

History

The first feminist organization in Nepal was the Nepal Woman Association started under the leadership of Mangala Devi Singh.

Achievements

  • After the lobbying of various organisations and feminist groups, 33% seats are reserved in every committee and group starting from the grass root level up to the legislative of Nepal.
  • Government grants subsidy on tax while registering property in the name of women to improve the access of women on property.
  • Women are allocating and reserving 33% seats on every possible programs fromm scholarship to government jobs to increase the participation of women.

Organisations

  • ABC Nepal is a non governmental, non profit organisation based in Kathmandu with regional offices in Bhairahawa and Biratnagar. It has been working since 1987 to empower women, raise the status of women through gainful employment opportunity, vocational training and leadership development in women. It has its focus on anti trafficking campaigns.
  • Maiti Nepal
  • Sancharika Samuha [1] www.sancharika.org: Sancharika Samuha (SAS) is a Forum of women communicators established after the Beijing conference in April 1996 with the objective of promoting a healthier and gender sensitive media.

Regarding its History of establishment, after studying the Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA) closely, small group of women media professionals legally registered “Sancharika samuha” as a non-governmental organization with the objective of taking forward the section “J-Women and Media” in Nepal.Since then Sancharika Samuha has been promoting the creation of a gender equal society by enhancing the capacity of media for promoting equity and equality based development.

As its slogan 'Communication for Equality' implies mainstreaming gender in the media has always been the overriding concern of SAS. For this purpose, SAS has been conducting various activities on media advocacy on gender and equality particularly related to reducing gender based violence. SAS has also been conducting activities for raising awareness by conducting public outreach programmes, research, Sancharika feature service, media monitoring and media campaigns. With these activities and programmes, SAS has been able to play a catalyst role between the women's movement and the media contributing to generate better understanding and bridging the differences that exist.

The mission of the establishment of “Sancharika” is to enhance the capacity of print and electronic media for promoting gender equality and equity based development in Nepal.It also advocates for equality through research and media campaigns.The campaigns and advocacy programs have direct impact on Women.

Sancharika Samuha has its main objective to design programs which aims at building capacity of women in the Journalism sector. The other objectives are as follows: To create gender equal society by enhancing the capacity of media for promoting equity and equality based development. To enhance representation of female journalists in the Nepalese media and strengthen the capacity of female journalists through the improvement of their professional skills and their access to the Nepalese media. To ensure press freedom

References

  1. Sancharika Samuha