Ferdinand de Rothschild
|Ferdinand James von Rothschild|
Ferdinand de Rothschild
17 December 1839|
|Died||17 December 1898(aged 59)|
|Known for||Waddesdon Bequest|
|Spouse(s)||Evelina de Rothschild|
Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, the style he used in Britain, or Ferdinand James Anselm, Freiherr von Rothschild (17 December 1839 – 17 December 1898) was an English banker, art collector, and politician, who was a member of the prominent Rothschild family of bankers. He was a Liberal MP who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1898.
Life and career
Although Ferdinand von Rothschild was born in Paris, he was from Vienna and a part of the Rothschild banking family of Austria. He was the second son of Baron Anselm von Rothschild (1803–1874) and Charlotte von Rothschild née Rothschild (1807–1859). He held the hereditary title Freiherr (Baron) in the Austrian nobility. He became a British subject and moved from Vienna to London.
On 7 June 1865, he married his second cousin Evelina de Rothschild (1839–1866), the daughter of Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879). On 4 December 1866 their son was stillborn, and Evelina died later the same day. In her memory, Ferdinand built, equipped and endowed the Evelina Hospital for Sick Children in Southwark, south London. He began terms as Treasurer of the Jewish Board of Guardians in 1868 and 1875, and as Warden of the Central Synagogue in 1870.
In 1874, he bought an estate near the village of Waddesdon in Buckinghamshire and between 1874 and 1889 built Waddesdon Manor, designed by Gabriel-Hippolyte Destailleur in an eclectic style based on the 16th-century French Chateau de Chambord.
In 1883, Ferdinand de Rothschild was High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire and in 1885 he was elected as Liberal MP for Aylesbury, a seat he held until his death in 1898. From 1896 he was a Trustee of the British Museum, probably at the instigation of Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks.
His collection of Renaissance objets d'art from the house was bequeathed to the British Museum as the "Waddesdon Bequest"; the Holy Thorn Reliquary was a highlight of the collection, though its distinguished provenance was still unknown. He willed the Manor to Alice Charlotte von Rothschild, his unmarried younger sister, who had lived with him there, and thence to their nephew, James Armand de Rothschild, who in turn bequeathed it to the National Trust.
- House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
- Seccombe 1901.
- Thornton, Dora (2001), "From Waddesdon to the British Museum: Baron Ferdinand Rothschild and his cabinet collection", p. 57, Journal of the History of Collections, 2001, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp. 191–213, doi: 10.1093/jhc/13.2.191
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Thornton (2015), 18-19, 53-54
- Seccombe, Thomas (1901). "Rothschild, Ferdinand James de". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Davis, R. W. "Ferdinand James von Rothschild". =Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 April 2006.
- Mrs James de Rothschild - Rothschilds at Waddesdon Manor (Collins, 1979) ISBN 0-00-216671-2
- Thornton, Dora (2015), A Rothschild Renaissance: The Waddesdon Bequest, 2015, British Museum Press, ISBN 978-0-7141-2345-5
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ferdinand James von Rothschild.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ferdinand von Rothschild
- Waddesdon Manor
- The Waddesdon Bequest at the British Museum
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Nathan Mayer Rothschild
George W. E. Russell
|Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
(representation reduced to one member 1885)
Lionel Walter Rothschild