He was the leader of the Bourses du Travail, a major French trade union, from 1895 until his death in 1901. He was succeeded by Yvetot. In 1902, the Bourses du Travail merged with the Confédération Générale du Travail.
Pelloutier's theories were exceptionally important to the Revolutionary Syndicalism movement in Italy that appeared towards the end of the nineteenth century, and he is a source of major influence in this regard for Georges Sorel.
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- Jacques Julliard, Fernand Pelloutier et les origines du syndicalisme d'action directe, Paris 1971
- F.F. Ridley, Revolutionary Syndicalism in France, Cambridge 1970
- Peter Stearns, Revolutionary Syndicalism and French Labor: A Cause without Rebels, New Brunswick 1971
- Barbara Mitchell, The Practical Revolutionaries. A New Interpretation of the French Anarchosyndicalists, New York 1987.