First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson

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First Presidential Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
Date March 4, 1801; 221 years ago (1801-03-04)
Location United States Capitol,
Washington, D.C.
Participants President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson
Assuming office
Chief Justice of the United States,
John Marshall
Administering oath
Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr, Jr.
Assuming office

The first inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as the third President of the United States was held on March 4, 1801. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of Thomas Jefferson as President and only four-year term of Aaron Burr as Vice President. Jefferson was sworn in by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall.

Background

Jefferson was the nation's second Vice President under President John Adams, and ran against him as a Democratic-Republican in the 1800 presidential election with rival Aaron Burr. Back in those times, the person who came in first would be president and the person who came in second would be vice president. Burr and Jefferson tied in the Electoral College 36 times, so the choice was thrown to the House of Representatives, where Alexander Hamilton helped swing the vote in Jefferson's favor, thus making him 3rd president of the United States.

Inauguration

It was a mild day in Washington, D.C., the first time an inauguration had been held in the city, with a noon temperature estimated at 55 degrees Fahrenheit.[1] That morning an artillery company on Capitol Hill had fired shots to welcome the daybreak, and in a first for a newspaper, Jefferson gave a copy of his speech to the National Intelligencer for it to be published and available right after delivery.[2]

Jefferson was lodging at Conrad and McMunn's boarding house [3] on the south side of the Capitol building, and at roughly 10:00 am the Alexandria company of riflemen marched to the intersection of New Jersey Avenue and C Street.[2] Jefferson, dressed according to a reporter as "a plain citizen without any distinctive badge of office," became the first president to walk rather than ride a carriage to the ceremony,[1] setting off around noon with some congressmen, District marshals, and military officers from Alexandria, Virginia.[2] He delivered a 1721 word speech in the United States Capitol's Senate chamber, and then took the oath of office, administered by Chief Justice John Marshall.[1]

In what would become standard practice, the Marine Band played for the first time at the inauguration.[1]

Outgoing President John Adams, distraught over his loss of the election and over the tragic death of his son Charles Adams to alcoholism, did not attend the inaugural. This was the first time a President would skip out his successor's inauguration.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Inauguration of President Thomas Jefferson, 1801". Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. Retrieved 2009-01-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Hayes, Kevin J. (2008). "The First Inaugural Address". The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 978-0-19-530758-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Conrad and McMunn Hotel Plaque". The Architect of the Capitol (AOC).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Template:US inaugurations