Fiuman dialect

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Fiuman
Native to Croatia, Italy
Region Kvarner Gulf
Native speakers
between 10,000 and 30,000 (date missing)[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

The Fiuman dialect (Italian: fiumano, Fiuman: fiuman) is the dialect of the Venetian language spoken in the Croatian city of Rijeka (Fiume). It is strongly influenced by Serbo-Croatian Chakavian, Hungarian, German substrates, mainly due to the closeness between two different cultures (the Romanic and the Slavic one) and the Austro-Hungarian rule.

Thus, because Rijeka was under the Habsburg Monarchy for over five centuries (1466–1918) and part of the Holy Roman Empire for nine centuries, many of the words are of German and Hungarian origin. Due to extensive emigration to the growing port city during the late 18th and 19th centuries, many words also came from other languages, such as Slovenian.

Significant is the amount of literary production carried out in this small dialect, with some of the main local authors using it in their works being Mario Schittar, Gino Antoni, Oscarre Russi, Egidio Milinovich.


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