Flag of Turkey

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Flag of Turkey.svg
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1844
Design A red field with a white star and crescent slightly right of center.[1]
PAN: 186C
RGB: 227, 10, 23
HEX: #E30A17
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanlığı forsu.svg
Variant flag of Turkey
Name Presidential flag of Turkey
Use Other
Proportion 2:3
Flag of the Customs Administration of Turkey.svg
Variant flag of Turkey
Name Flag of the Customs Administration
Use Other
Proportion 2:3
Standard of President of Turkey as Supreme Chief of Armed Forces.svg
Variant flag of Turkey
Name Flag of the Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish Armed Forces.
Use Other
Proportion 1:1

The flag of Turkey (Turkish: Türk bayrağı, meaning "Turkish flag") is a red flag featuring a white star and crescent. The flag is often called al bayrak (the red flag) and referred to as al sancak (the red banner) in the Turkish national anthem.

The current design of the Turkish flag is directly derived from the late Ottoman flag, which had been adopted in the late 18th century and acquired its final form in 1844.

The measures, geometric proportions, and exact tone of red of the flag of Turkey were legally standardized with the Turkish Flag Law on May 29, 1936.[2]


The red represents the blood of Turkey's soldiers at the time of war they went through and how they survived. The star and crescent design appears on Ottoman flags beginning in the late 18th or early 19th century. The introduction of the white star and crescent on red as the flag of the Ottoman Empire dates to the Tanzimat reforms of 1844.

Legendary origins

In accounting for the crescent and star symbol, Ottomans sometimes (1890) referred to a legendary dream of the eponymous founder of the Ottoman house, Osman I, in which he is reported to have seen a moon rising from the breast of a qadi whose daughter he sought to marry. "When full, it descended into his own breast. Then from his loins there sprang a tree, which as it grew came to cover the whole world with the shadow of its green and beautiful branches." Beneath it Osman saw the world spread out before him, surmounted by the crescent.[3]

Legal basis

Fundamentals of the Turkish flag during the Republic period of Turkey were laid down by Turkish Flag Law No. 2994 on May 29, 1936. Turkish Flag Regulation No. 2/7175 dated July 28, 1937, and Supplementary Regulation No. 11604/2 dated July 29, 1939, were enacted to describe how the flag law would be implemented. The Turkish Flag Law No. 2893 dated September 22, 1983, and Published in the Official Gazette on September 24, 1983, was promulgated six months after its publication. According to Article 9 of Law No. 2893, a statute including the fundamentals of the implementation was also published.



In a RGB colour space, the red colour of the Turkish flag is composed of 89% red, 3.9% green and 9% blue (in hexadecimal colour code #E30A17). In a CMYK colour space, it is composed of 0% cyan, 95.6% magenta, 89.9% yellow and 11% black. It has a hue angle of 356.4 degrees, a saturation of 91.6% and a lightness of 46.5%. The red colour on the Turkish flag is vivid red and this colour can be obtained by blending #FF142E with #C70000. Closest websafe colour is: #CC0000.


Construction sheet
Letter Measure Length
G Width
A Distance between the centre of the outer crescent and the seam of the white band 12 G
B Diameter of the outer circle of the crescent 12 G
C Distance between the centres of the inner and outer circles of the crescent 116 G
D Diameter of the inner circle of the crescent 25 G
E Distance between the inner circle of the crescent and the circle around the star 13 G
F diameter of the circle around the star 14 G
L Length 1 12 G
M Width of the white hem at the hoist 130 G
  • The above specification is what is given by Turkish Flag Law. Note that this implies that the distance between (the left edge of) the inner circle of the crescent and a vertical line connecting the two pointed ends of the crescent is ​279800 G = 0.34875 G; thus, the left point of the star protrudes with about 0.0154 G beyond that line[citation needed].

A common mistake in rendering the flag is to omit the white hem at the hoist (the left side)[citation needed].

Similar flags

Notes and references

  1. http://mevzuat.meb.gov.tr/html/18171_0.html
  2. "Türk Bayrağı Kanunu". Turkish Historical Society. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Lord Kinross, The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire, Morrow Quill Paperbacks, 1977, pp 23-24.

External links