Flora of India

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Lotus, the national flower of India

The flora of India is one of the richest of the world due to a wide range of climate, topology and environments in the country. It is thought there are over 16000 species of flowering plants in India, which account for 6 percent of the total plant species in the world. Due to the wide range of climatic conditions, India holds rich variety of flora. India covers more than 45,000 species of flora, out of which there are several species that are not found anywhere else. Since ancient times, use of plants as a source of medicines has been the inherent part of life in India. There are more than 3000 officially documented plants in India that holds great medicinal potential. India comprises seven percent of world's flora. India is divided into main eight floristic regions namely - Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Assam, Indus plain, Ganga plain, the Deccan, the Malabar and the Andamans.



Angiosperms

Alismatidae

Arecidae

Asterids

Caryophyllidae

Commelinidae

Dilleniidae

Hamamelidae

Lilliidae

Magnoliidae

Rosidae

Zingiberidae

See also

References

  1. Chuahan, Nidhi; Hitendra Padalia; Stutee Gupta; M. C. Porwal; P. S. Roy (25 July 2003). "Psilotum complanatum Sw., a rare epiphytic fern ally of Great Nicobar Island: Exploration and habitat monitoring" (PDF). Current Science. 85 (2): 193–197. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 

External links