Food distribution, a method of distributing or transporting food or drink from one place to another, is a very important factor in public nutrition. Where it breaks down, famine, malnutrition or illness can occur. During some periods of Ancient Rome, food distribution occurred with the policy of giving free bread to its citizens under the provision of a common good.
There are three main components of food distribution:
- Transport infrastructure, such as roads, vehicles, rail transport, airports, and ports.
- Food handling technology and regulation, such as refrigeration, and storage, warehousing.
- Adequate source and supply logistics, based on demand and need.