Four-point play

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Jamal Crawford is the NBA leader in career four-point plays.

In basketball, a four-point play is the rare occasion when an offensive player shoots and makes a three-point field goal while simultaneously being hit by a defensive player, resulting in a shooting foul and one free throw being awarded, or a two-point field goal and is intentionally or flagrantly fouled on the shot and is awarded two free throws. If the player makes his/her free throws, (s)he will have scored four points on a single possession.[1] The short-lived American Basketball League first introduced the four-point play to the game of basketball, and it was later adopted by the American Basketball Association during its inaugural season.[2] The National Basketball Association (NBA) introduced that rule in 1979; FIBA in 1984; the NCAA in 1986 (men only) and 1987 (women); middle and high schools in 1987; and the WNBA in 1997.

Sam Smith of the Chicago Bulls completed the first four-point play in NBA history on October 21, 1979, in a game against the Milwaukee Bucks.[3] As of January 6, 2016, Jamal Crawford is the league's career leader in regular-season four-point plays with 46.[4]

See also


  1. "Four-point play – (Basketball): Definition". Retrieved January 10, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "4-Point Play Gets Approval By ABA". Associated Press. July 11, 1967. Retrieved June 17, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Sam Smith. "Taxing dilemma for NBA's 2010 free agents". July 27, 2009. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.
  4. Kavner, Rowan (January 6, 2016). "CLIPPERS START QUICKLY IN 109-98 WIN VS. BLAZERS". NBA. NBA.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>