Francis Peyton Rous

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Francis Peyton Rous
200px
Francis Peyton Rous
Born October 5, 1879
Baltimore, Maryland
Died February 16, 1970(1970-02-16) (aged 90)
New York City
Nationality American
Fields virology
Alma mater Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Known for oncoviruses
Notable awards National Medal of Science (1965)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1966)

Francis Peyton Rous ForMemRS[1] (October 5, 1879 – February 16, 1970) was an American Nobel Prize-winning virologist.

He born in Woodlawn, Maryland in 1879 and received his B.A. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University.[2] He was involved in the discovery of the role of viruses in the transmission of certain types of cancer. In 1966 he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work.

In 1911, as a pathologist he made his seminal observation, that a malignant tumor (specifically, a sarcoma) growing on a domestic chicken could be transferred to another fowl simply by exposing the healthy bird to a cell-free filtrate.[3][4] This finding, that cancer could be transmitted by a virus (now known as the Rous sarcoma virus, a retrovirus), was widely discredited by most of the field's experts at that time. Since he was a relative newcomer, it was several years before anyone even tried to replicate his prescient results. Although clearly some influential researchers were impressed enough to nominate him to the Nobel Committee as early as 1926 (and in many subsequent years, until he finally received the award, 40 years later).

In his later life he wrote biographies of Simon Flexner[5] and Karl Landsteiner.[6]

His wife Marion died in 1985. His daughter Marni Hodgkin was a children's book editor, and the wife of another Nobel Prize winner, Alan Hodgkin.[7]

See also

Further reading

  • Cornwall, Claudia M. Catching cancer : the quest for its viral and bacterial causes. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2013.

References

  1. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  2. "Peyton Rous – Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  4. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  5. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  6. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  7. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/25/marni-hodgkin

Further reading

  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Dulbecco, R. (1976). "Francis Peyton Rous". Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). 48: 275–306. PMID 11615657.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Francis Peyton Rous, M.D. Johns Hopkins". Lancet. 1 (7644): 477. 1970. PMID 4189793.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sulek, K. (1969). "Nobel prize for Francis Peyton Rous in 1966 for the discovery of carcinogenic viruses and for Charles Huggins for the introduction of hormones for treatment of neoplasms". Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960). 22 (12): 1161–1162. PMID 4896432.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Datta, R. K.; Datta, B. (1967). "Nobel prize winners in medicine". Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 48 (1): 41–42. PMID 5342283.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Graffi, A. (1966). "Francis Peyton Rous". Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946). 91 (51): 2309–2310. PMID 5333372.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kreyberg, L. (1966). "Nobel prize in physiology and medicine 1966 (Rous FP)". Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke. 86 (22): 1565. PMID 4859882.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).

External links