Francisco García Calderón

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is García Calderón and the second or maternal family name is Landa.
Francisco García Calderón
Garcia Calderon.jpg
22nd President of Peru
In office
March 12, 1881 – September 28, 1881
Preceded by Nicolás de Piérola
Succeeded by Lizardo Montero Flores
Personal details
Born April 2, 1834
Arequipa, Peru
Died September 21, 1905 (aged 71)
Lima, Peru
Nationality Peruvian
Profession Lawyer

Francisco García Calderón Landa (April 2, 1834 – September 21, 1905) was a lawyer and president of Peru for a short seven-month period in 1881, during the War of the Pacific. García Calderón was a key figure in the final peace accords between Peru and Chile. Later in post-presidential career, in 1892, he was commissioned to arbitrate land disputes between Peru and Ecuador, which centered on the contested provinces of Mainas, Jaén and Tumbes. He was an academic as well, having authored a comprehensive history of the previously-mentioned contested provinces, as well as a monograph on Peruvian legislation titled, Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana.

Early life

Francisco García Calderón was born in Arequipa on April 2, 1834, as the son of Judge Doctor Eduardo García Calderón y Crespo and Ventura Landa y Guerola. He studied at the Colegio de la Independencia (English: Independence College) where he later worked as professor of Philosophy and Mathematics.

With his Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana (English: Dictionary of Peruvian Legislation) he established his name as an eminent lawyer. In 1868 he was in function as Finance minister for a short period of time.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Nicolás de Piérola
President of Peru
Succeeded by
Lizardo Montero Flores