Francisco de Rioja

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Possibly portrait by Velazquez

Francisco de Rioja (born at Seville, 1583; died at Madrid, 1659) was a Spanish poet. Rioja was a canon of Seville Cathedral and a member of the Spanish Inquisition.


Quintana considers his poems the first attempts at descriptive poetry in the Castilian language. The style is original, the thoughts beautifully expressed, the taste refined, and the versification well adapted and harmoniously blended with the theme. Menéndez y Pelayo writes that Rioja's "Ode to Summer", and those "To Tranquillity", "To Constancy," "To Riches" and "To Poverty" are, after the lyrics of Fray Luis de León, the best moral odes in Castilian poetical treasure.

The ode "A las ruinas de Italia", which belongs to Rodrigo Caro, and the "Epístola moral", whose author is probably Francisco de Andrada, were earlier ascribed to Rioja.


  • Ramón Fernández, Poesías de Francisco de Rioja y de otros poetas andaluces (Madrid, 1798);
  • Sismondi, Hist. de la literatura española, II (Seville, 1842), 173;
  • Ticknor, Hist. of Spanish Lit., II (New York, 1854), 545;
  • Fernández-Espino, Curso híst. crítico de la lit. española (Seville, 1895).
  • Edition of Rioja's poems is that of Barrera (Madrid, 1867); Adiciones á las poesías de Rioja (Madrid, 1872)

External links

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>