Frank B. Kelso II in 1991
|Birth name||Frank Benton Kelso II|
July 11, 1933|
Fayetteville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||June 23, 2013
Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.
|Place of burial||Rose Hill Cemetery, Fayetteville, Tennessee|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1956–1994|
Frank Benton Kelso II (July 11, 1933 – June 23, 2013) was an admiral of the United States Navy, who served as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) in the early 1990s. Kelso died on June 23, 2013 while visiting family in Virginia.
On completion of training, he was assigned to the submarine Sabalo (SS-302) before returning to Submarine School for nuclear power training in January 1960. He then served one year in the Nuclear Power Department at the school. Subsequent tours included the precommissioning crew of Pollack (SSN-603), Engineering Officer aboard Daniel Webster (SSBN-626) and Executive Officer of Sculpin (SSN-590).
From January 1969 to August 1971, he served as Commanding Officer, U.S. Naval Nuclear Power School in U.S. Naval Training Center Bainbridge, Port Deposit, Maryland. Following tours included Commanding Officer, Finback (SSN-670); Staff of Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet; and Commanding Officer, Bluefish (SSN-675). Kelso was then assigned as Executive Assistant to the Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command and U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic from September 1975 to July 1977.
He served as Commander, Submarine Squadron 7 until reporting as Division Director, Submarine Distribution Division in the Naval Military Personnel Command, and Section Head of the Submarine Programs Section in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower, Personnel and Training) in September 1978. He was selected for promotion to the rank of rear admiral in February 1980.
Upon selection for flag rank, Kelso served as Director, Strategic Submarine Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and then was assigned as Director, Office of Program Appraisal, Office of the Secretary of the Navy. On February 8, 1985, Kelso became Commander Sixth Fleet and NATO Commander Naval Striking Force and Support Forces Southern Europe. During this tour, forces under his command launched raids on Libya in defiance of Colonel/President Muammar Gaddafi's claim that Libya's territorial waters extended 200 miles into the Gulf of Sidra. On June 30, 1986, Kelso was promoted to admiral and assumed the duties of Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. Kelso became Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic and Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command on November 22, 1988. In that capacity his forces were involved in the second Gulf of Sidra incident (1989). He succeeded Admiral Carlisle A.H. Trost to became the Navy's 24th Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) on June 29, 1990.
Kelso attended the 1991 Tailhook Association meeting in Las Vegas (his second time) at the urging of his senior aviation advisors to gain first-hand information from aviators who were part of Operation Desert Storm following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. In the months following this meeting, allegations of sexual harassment of hotel guests and other sexual misconduct on the part of naval aviators surfaced. Following several lengthy investigations, more than 100 aviators were implicated in overt acts of sexual misconduct. None were court-martialed, though over half of those implicated were informally disciplined and the careers of several senior officers were essentially ended. Secretary of the Navy Lawrence Garrett ultimately resigned and Kelso was forced to retire two months early amid the scandal and aviator complaints that he had failed to ensure due process for accused personnel. Nonetheless, the Navy and its leadership were roundly criticized for minor punishments handed out to a few officers. Kelso was succeeded as CNO by Admiral Jeremy M. Boorda on April 23, 1994.
Retirement and personal life
Shortly before his retirement, Senator Barbara Boxer attempted to punish Kelso by recommending a reduction in rank from full admiral to rear admiral (upper half). Under Congressional law, all military promotions for flag officers to have three or four stars are at the behest of the Senate, and said promotions can be revoked, as was the case of Pacific Fleet commander Husband Kimmel following the Pearl Harbor attack, who was demoted from a 4-star admiral to a 2-star, and Richard Dunleavy, Kelso's Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Air Warfare, who was demoted from 3-star to 2-star as a result of Tailhook. Boxer claimed Kelso was deserving of punishment on the grounds that as the Navy's top officer he bore ultimate responsibility for what happened at Tailhook. Boxer's attempt failed when more Senators agreed Kelso had taken the correct and proper actions in handling the affair, and he was allowed to retire at full rank. Kelso's supporters praised his overhaul of officer training that eliminated the separate Aviation Officer Candidate School (AOCS) at NAS Pensacola, Florida for non-USNA and non-NROTC college graduates that had traditionally set many naval aviators and naval flight officers apart from their other officer peers, and for tough new policies on sexual harassment. Had Kelso been demoted, it would have been a significant loss in his military pension.
Admiral Kelso retired with his wife, Landess McCown Kelso (who died in 2012), to his place of birth in Fayetteville, Tennessee in 2003. He died from complications of a fall and severe head injury on June 23, 2013, in Norfolk, Virginia, where he had gone to attend his grandson's graduation. He had been married to his second wife, Georgia Robinson, for just two weeks. He is also survived by two sons (both of whom served in the Navy) and two daughters.
Awards and decorations
Submarine Warfare Officer badge
SSBN Deterrent Patrol badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff identification badge
|Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
|Navy Distinguished Service Medal - with two gold stars (3 awards)|
|Legion of Merit with three gold stars (4 awards)|
|Meritorious Service Medal|
|Navy Commendation Medal|
|Navy Achievement Medal|
- Navy Unit Commendation with two stars (three awards)
- Meritorious Unit Commendation with one star (two awards)
- Navy Expeditionary Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with star (two awards)
- Sea Service Deployment Ribbon
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Kelso.|
- Navy biography of Frank B. Kelso (Note this omits any mention of Tailhook.)
- U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, hearing on Sexual Harassment of Military Women / Improving Military Complaint Systems, 103rd Congressional hearings held March 1994
- Barbara Starr, ABC News, 8/11/99, "Tailhook Fallout Still Felt"
Carlisle A.H. Trost
|United States Chief of Naval Operations
1990 – 1994
Jeremy M. Boorda
|United States Secretary of the Navy (acting)
January 2, 1993 – July 21, 1993
John H. Dalton