Franklin County, Georgia

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Franklin County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Franklin County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 25 February, 1784
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Carnesville
Largest city Lavonia
Area
 • Total 266 sq mi (689 km2)
 • Land 261 sq mi (676 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 1.15%
Population
 • (2010) 22,084
 • Density 84/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.franklincountyga.com

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,084.[1] The county seat is Carnesville.[2] On February 25, 1784 Franklin and Washington became Georgia's eighth and ninth counties,[3] with Franklin named in honor of patriot Benjamin Franklin.[4]

In its original form, Franklin County included all of the territory now in Banks, Barrow, Clarke, Jackson, Oconee, and Stephens counties, and parts of the modern-day Gwinnett, Hall, Hart, and Madison counties, as well as three counties that are now part of South Carolina.

Economic Development

The Franklin County Industrial Building Authority, one of only 7 created by a Georgia constitutional amendment,[5] actively seeks and recruits new industries to the county. The Authority consists of seven members: each of the 5 mayors from the cities within Franklin County, and two at-large members selected by the Board of Commissioners.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 266 square miles (690 km2), of which 261 square miles (680 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (1.9%) is water.[7]

The majority of Franklin County is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just the northeastern corner, north of Lavonia, located in the Tugaloo River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin.[8]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,041
1800 6,859 558.9%
1810 10,815 57.7%
1820 9,040 −16.4%
1830 10,107 11.8%
1840 9,886 −2.2%
1850 11,513 16.5%
1860 7,393 −35.8%
1870 7,893 6.8%
1880 11,453 45.1%
1890 14,670 28.1%
1900 17,700 20.7%
1910 17,894 1.1%
1920 19,957 11.5%
1930 15,902 −20.3%
1940 15,612 −1.8%
1950 14,446 −7.5%
1960 13,274 −8.1%
1970 12,784 −3.7%
1980 15,185 18.8%
1990 16,650 9.6%
2000 20,285 21.8%
2010 22,084 8.9%
Est. 2014 22,264 [9] 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 20,285 people, 7,888 households, and 5,695 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 9,303 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.49% White, 8.83% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,888 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,134, and the median income for a family was $38,463. Males had a median income of $29,474 versus $21,051 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,767. About 11.00% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,084 people, 8,540 households, and 5,979 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 84.5 inhabitants per square mile (32.6/km2). There were 10,553 housing units at an average density of 40.4 per square mile (15.6/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 87.3% white, 8.4% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.9% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were American, 9.7% were Irish, 9.7% were English, and 8.0% were German.[17]

Of the 8,540 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 40.9 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,739 and the median income for a family was $44,667. Males had a median income of $33,718 versus $28,713 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,276. About 14.3% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Communities

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Franklin County : County Profile". Georgia State Government. Retrieved 2011-09-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Directory of Registered Local Government Authorities". www.dca.state.ga.us. Retrieved 24 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Franklin County Industrial Building Authority". Franklin County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 24 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  12. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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