Institut de France
The Institute, located in Paris, manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as museums and châteaux open for visit. It also awards prizes and subsidies, which amounted to a total of €5,028,190.55 for 2002. Most of these prizes are awarded by the Institute on the recommendation of the académies.
The Institut de France was established on 25 October 1795, by the French government.
- Académie française (French Academy, concerning the French language) – initiated 1635, suppressed 1793, restored 1803 as a division of the institute.
- Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres (Academy of Humanities) – initiated 1663.
- Académie des sciences (Academy of Sciences) – initiated 1666.
- Académie des beaux-arts (Academy of Fine Arts) – created 1816 as the merger of the
- Académie des sciences morales et politiques (Academy of Moral and Political Sciences) – initiated 1795, suppressed 1803, reestablished 1832.
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