Fruit of the Loom
|Fruit of the Loom logo.|
|Headquarters||Bowling Green, Kentucky, United States|
Fruit of the Loom is an American company that manufactures clothing, particularly underwear. The company's world headquarters is in Bowling Green, Kentucky. It is currently a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway.
Fruit of the Loom is one of the largest manufacturers and marketers of men's and boys' underwear, women's and girls' underwear, printable T-shirts and fleece for the activewear industry, casualwear, women's jeanswear and childrenswear. The company employs more than 32,000 people worldwide.
Fruit of the Loom also controls another long-known underwear brand, B.V.D. (Bradley, Voorhees, and Day). Other brands also manufactured and sold by the company are Funpals/FunGals, Screen Stars and Underoos. Brands once owned or marketed by Fruit of the Loom include Gitano, Munsingwear, Salem Sportswear, and Pro Player, which once had the naming rights to what is now Sun Life Stadium (originally Joe Robbie Stadium) in Miami Gardens, Florida from 1996 to 2005, despite bankruptcy by the parent company in 1999.
The company's familiar logo comprising a red apple, leaves, green grapes, currants, and purple grapes forms a widely recognizable trademark. The company is a vertically integrated manufacturer. In TV commercials for the brand, actors play the roles of only four of the logo's parts: the apple, green grapes, purple grapes, and leaves. The role of "Apple" is played by Rad Daly, and the "Leaf" was at one time played by Academy Award-winning actor F. Murray Abraham, and has been played by Gene Steichen since the Fruit Guys were re-introduced to the public in 2001. "Green Grapes" is played by Richard Steven Horvitz. "Purple Grapes" is played by Wayne Wilderson.
The Fruit of the Loom brand dates back to 1851 in Rhode Island when Robert Knight, a textile mill owner, visited his friend, Rufus Skeel. Mr. Skeel owned a small shop in Providence, Rhode Island that sold cloth from Mr. Knight's mill. Mr. Skeel's daughter painted images of apples and applied them to the bolts of cloth. The ones with the apple emblems proved most popular. Mr. Knight thought the labels would be the perfect symbol for his trade name, Fruit of the Loom — a name that bears resemblance to the phrase "fruit of the womb", an expression meaning "children", which can be traced back to use in the Bible (Psalm 127:3).
In 1871, just one year after the first trademark laws were passed by Congress, Mr. Knight received trademark number 418 for the brand, Fruit of the Loom.
Much of its athletic outerwear was sold under the "Pro Player" label, a now defunct division.
The company was part of Northwest Industries, Inc., until NWI was purchased by William F. Farley in 1985 and renamed Farley Industries, Inc. Farley served as President, CEO, and majority shareholder for 15 years. Fruit of the Loom's sales revenue rose from approximately $500 million at the time of NWI's purchase to roughly $2.5 billion nearly 15 years later. Debt financing, once seen as brilliant, proved difficult to manage even as sales revenue quintupled.
Fruit of the Loom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1999 shortly after posting a net loss of $576.2 million. Its 66 million shares of outstanding common stock dropped in value from about $44 per share in early 1997 to just more than $1 by the spring of 2000. Reasons for the bankruptcy are varied. A large debt load which was assumed in the 1980s, a common practice at the time, did not help. William F. Farley, the company's former chairman, chief executive officer, and chief operating officer was forced out prior to bankruptcy in late 1999, after having piloted the company into massive debt and unproductive business ventures, including structuring the company into an off-shore entity in the Cayman Islands to avoid taxes.
The company was bought from bankruptcy by Berkshire Hathaway Corporation, controlled by investor Warren Buffett, who wanted the valuable brand. He agreed in January 2002 to purchase the company for approximately $835 million in cash. The deal was concluded on April 29, 2002. A condition of the purchase required that former Chief Operating Officer and the then interim CEO, John Holland, remain available to be the CEO for the company.
The company purchased Russell Corporation, effectively taking the former competitor private in a deal that was completed August 1, 2006.
In 2010, Rick Medlin was named president and CEO of Fruit of the Loom. Longtime CEO John Holland became the company's chairman.
- Northwest Industries Inc. The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2005 Chicago Historical Society.
- Buffett, Warren (2002-02-28). "Chairman's letter". Berkshire Hathaway. Retrieved 2007-01-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "VF Corp. sells intimate apparel unit to Fruit of the Loom". MarketWatch. 2007-01-23. Retrieved 2007-01-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>This company was renamed Vanity Fair Brands and is operated as a wholly owned subsidiary.
- Maze, Brent (August 10, 2010). "New CEO to lead Fruit | The Alexander City Outlook". Alexcityoutlook.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Fruit of the Loom underwear
- The Fruit of the Loom Guys Creator
- Rad Daly - Fruit of the Loom - Apple
- History - Lippitt Mill
- Farley looks for Congressional help November 1, 1999.
- Berkshire Hathaway Announcement of Fruit of the Loom Acquisition April 30, 2002.
- Buffett's Berkshire to buy Russell April 17, 2006.