Frying pan (guitar)
|Manufacturer||Ro-Pat-In Company (later renamed to Rickenbacker)|
|Period||1931/1932 – 1939|
|Body type||Cast aluminum|
|Pickup(s)||One Rickenbacker horse-shoe magnet pickup|
The "frying pan" in 1931/1932 was the first electric lap steel guitar ever produced, and one of the earliest electric guitar, along with the Stromberg Electro in 1928. George Beauchamp created the instrument in 1931, and it was subsequently manufactured by Rickenbacker Electro. The instrument—officially the Rickenbacker Electro A-22—earned its nickname because its circular body and long neck make it resemble a frying pan.
It was designed to cash in on the popularity of Hawaiian music in the 1930s. The instrument was made of cast aluminum, and featured a pickup that incorporated a pair of horseshoe magnets that arched over the strings. Beauchamp and machinist Adolph Rickenbacker began selling the Frying Pan in 1932, but Beauchamp was not awarded a patent for his idea until 1937, which allowed other guitar companies to produce electric guitars in the same period.
In the 1930s, Hawaiian music enjoyed widespread popularity in the United States. However, Hawaiian music featured the guitar as the main melodic instrument, and the volume of acoustic guitars was insufficient for large audiences. Beauchamp, an enthusiast and player of Hawaiian music, mounted a magnetic pickup on his acoustic steel guitar to produce an electrical signal that was electronically amplified to drive a loudspeaker, producing a much louder sound. After discovering that his system produced copious amounts of unwanted feedback from sympathetic vibration of the guitar's body, Beauchamp reasoned that acoustic properties were actually undesirable in an electric instrument.
Beauchamp had helped develop the Dobro resonator guitar, and co-founded the National String Instrument Corporation. Through these businesses, he was acquainted with Rickenbacker, who owned the machine company that manufactured the aluminum resonators and brass bodies for the instruments. With Rickenbacker's help, Beauchamp designed a lap steel guitar with a solid aluminum body and neck. Rickenbacker produced the instruments from 1932 to 1939.
Flying Pan prototype (1931) using one-piece maple.jpg
25" scale, 25 fret)
Rickenback Frying Pan aluminum-cast guitar (1934).jpg
1934 Rickenbacker Electro A22 (22.5" scale, 23 fret)
1934 U.S. Patent 2,089,171
(filed 1934, issued 1937,
Rickenbacker Electro Hawaiian B6 (1) @ 2010 TSGA Jamboree.jpg
1935 Rickenbacker Electro Hawaiian B6 (23 fret)
1938 (or 1935) Rickenbacker Electro Vibrola Spanish Guitar (23 fret)
Gibson prototype Aluminum Lap Steel Guitar (1935) & Rickenbacker Electric Spanish Guitar (1930s), Museum of Making Music.jpg
1930s Rickenbacker Electric Spanish Guitar (right)
- Michael Wright (February 2000). "1000 Years of the Guitar, Part 2". Vintage Guitar.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "ELECTRICAL STRINGED MUSICAL G. D. BEAUCHAMP et al" Google Patents, accessed June 14, 2011.