Gaius Julius Caesar (proconsul)

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Gaius Julius Caesar from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum"

Gaius Julius Caesar (ca. 130 BC – 85 BC) was a Roman senator, supporter and brother-in-law of Gaius Marius, and father of Julius Caesar, the later dictator of Rome.

Caesar was married to Aurelia Cotta, a member of the Aurelii and Rutilii families, and had two daughters, both named Julia as was common in Rome, and a son, Julius Caesar, born in 100 BC.[1] He was the brother of Sextus Julius Caesar (consul in 91 BC)[2] and the son of Gaius Julius Caesar.

Caesar's progress through the cursus honorum is well known, although the specific dates associated with his offices are controversial. According to two elogia erected in Rome long after his death, Caesar was a commissioner in the colony at Cercina, military tribune, quaestor, praetor, and proconsul of Asia.[3] The dates of these offices are unclear. The colony is probably one of Marius' of 103 BC.[4] Broughton dated the praetorship to 92 BC, with the quaestorship falling towards the beginning of the 90s.[5] Brennan has dated the praetorship to the beginning of the decade.[6]

Caesar died suddenly in 85 BC, in Rome, while putting on his shoes one morning. Another Caesar, possibly his father, had died similarly in Pisa.[7] His father had seen to his education by one of the best orators of Rome, Marcus Antonius Gnipho.[8] In his will, he left Caesar the bulk of his estate, but after Marius's faction had been defeated in the civil war of the 80s BC, this inheritance was confiscated by the dictator Sulla.[9]


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  1. Plutarch, Caesar 1, 9; Suetonius, Julius 1, 74
  2. T.R.S. Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, ii.20
  3. Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, 6.1311
  4. T.C. Brennan, The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, 555.
  5. Broughton, Magistrates, ii. 17
  6. Brennan, Praetorship, 555
  7. Pliny the Elder, Natural History 54.7
  8. Suetonius, Lives of Eminent Grammarians 7
  9. Suetonius, Julius 1

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