Galway Kinnell

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Galway Kinnell
Galway Kinnell at Grindstone Cafe.jpg
Reading poetry at Beatnik Party
Grindstone Cafe, Lyndonville, Vermont
March 16, 2013
Born (1927-02-01)February 1, 1927
Providence, Rhode Island
Died October 28, 2014(2014-10-28) (aged 87)
Sheffield, Vermont
Occupation Poet
Nationality American
Notable awards National Book Award
Pulitzer Prize

Galway Kinnell (February 1, 1927 – October 28, 2014) was an American poet. For his 1982 Selected Poems he won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry[1] and split the National Book Award for Poetry with Charles Wright.[2] From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont.

An admitted follower of Walt Whitman, Kinnell rejects the idea of seeking fulfillment by escaping into the imaginary world. His best-loved and most anthologized poems are "St. Francis and the Sow" and "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps".[3]


Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Kinnell said that as a youth he was turned on to poetry by Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson, drawn to both the musical appeal of their poetry and the idea that they led solitary lives. The allure of the language spoke to what he describes as the homogeneous feel of his hometown, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He has also described himself as an introvert during his childhood.[4]

Kinnell studied at Princeton University, graduating in 1948 alongside friend and fellow poet W.S. Merwin. He received his master of arts degree from the University of Rochester.[5] He traveled extensively in Europe and the Middle East, and went to Paris on a Fulbright Fellowship. During the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States caught his attention. Upon returning to the US, he joined CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and worked on voter registration and workplace integration in Hammond, Louisiana. This effort got him arrested. In 1968, he signed the “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.[6] Kinnell draws upon both his involvement with the civil rights movement and his experiences protesting against the Vietnam War in his book-long poem The Book of Nightmares.[7]

From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont. [8]

Kinnell was the Erich Maria Remarque Professor of Creative Writing at New York University and a Chancellor of the American Academy of Poets. As of 2011 he was retired and resided at his home in Vermont[8] until his death in October 2014 from leukemia.[9]


While much of Kinnell's work seems to deal with social issues, it is by no means confined to one subject. Some critics have pointed to the spiritual dimensions of his poetry, as well as the nature imagery present throughout his work.[10] “The Fundamental Project of Technology” deals with all three of those elements, creating an eerie, chant-like and surreal exploration of the horrors atomic weapons inflict on humanity and nature. Sometimes Kinnell utilizes simple and brutal images (“Lieutenant! / This corpse will not stop burning!” from “The Dead Shall be Raised Incorruptible”) to address his anger at the destructiveness of humanity, informed by Kinnell’s activism and love of nature. There’s also a certain sadness in all of the horror—“Nobody would write poetry if the world seemed perfect.” There’s also optimism and beauty in his quiet, ponderous language, especially in the large role animals and children have in his later work (“Other animals are angels. Human babies are angels”), evident in poems such as “Daybreak” and “After Making Love We Hear Footsteps”.[11]

In addition to his works of poetry and his translations, Kinnell published one novel (Black Light, 1966) and one children's book (How the Alligator Missed Breakfast, 1982).

Kinnell wrote two elegies for his close friend, the poet James Wright, upon the latter's death in 1980. They appear in From the Other World: Poems in Memory of James Wright.




  • What a Kingdom It Was. Houghton Mifflin. 1960.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Flower Herding on Mount Monadnock. Houghton Mifflin. 1964.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Body Rags. Houghton Mifflin. 1968.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Book of Nightmares. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1973. ISBN 978-0-395-12098-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World: Poems 1946–64 (1974)
  • "Saint Francis and the Sow" No Mountains Poetry Project Broadside Series (1976)
  • Walking Down the Stairs (a collection of interviews) (1978).
  • Mortal Acts, Mortal Words. Houghton Mifflin. 1980. ISBN 978-0-395-29125-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps". Copper Canyon Press. 1980. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Blackberry Eating. William B. Ewert. 1980.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin. 1982. ISBN 978-0-395-32045-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> —winner of the National Book Award[2][2] and Pulitzer Prize[1]
  • How the Alligator Missed Breakfast. Illustrator Lynn Munsinger. Houghton Mifflin. 1982. ISBN 978-0-395-32436-3.CS1 maint: others (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "The Fundamental Project of Technology". William B. Ewert. 1983. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Past. Houghton Mifflin. 1985. ISBN 978-0-395-39385-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone. Knopf. 1990. ISBN 978-0-394-58856-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Three Books. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002. ISBN 978-0-618-21911-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Imperfect Thirst. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1996. ISBN 978-0-395-75528-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • A New Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2000. ISBN 978-0-618-15445-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> —finalist for the National Book Award[12]
  • The avenue bearing the initial of Christ into the New World: poems, 1953–1964. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002. ISBN 978-0-618-21912-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Strong Is Your Hold. Houghton Mifflin. 2006. ISBN 978-0-618-22497-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Translated collections
  • Yves Bonnefoy (1968). On the motion and immobility of Douve. Translator Galway Kinnell. Ohio University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • François Villon (1982). The poems of François Villon. Translator Galway Kinnell. UPNE. ISBN 978-0-87451-236-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Yvan Goll (1970). Lackawanna Elegy. Translator Galway Kinnell. Sumac Press. ISBN 978-0-912090-07-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Yvan Goll (1968). Yvan Goll, Selected Poems. Translators Paul Zweig, Jean Varda, Robert Bly, George Hitchcock, Galway Kinnell. Kayak Books.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Rainer Maria Rilke (2000). Galway Kinnell (ed.). The Essential Rilke. Translators Galway Kinnell, Hannah Liebmann. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-095654-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


Title Year First published in Reprinted/collected in
I, Coyote, stilled wonder 2013 The New Yorker 88/43 (January 14, 2013)


  • Black Light. Houghton Mifflin. 1966.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Poetry". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "National Book Awards – 1983". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
    (With essay by Eric Smith from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  3. Charles Molesworth (1987). "The Rank Favor of Blood". In Howard Nelson (ed.). On the poetry of Galway Kinnell. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-06376-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. The Poetry Foundation, Galway Kinnell, 1927–2014,
  5. Press release of November 8, 2000, from the University of Rochester
  6. “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” January 30, 1968 New York Post
  8. 8.0 8.1 Smith College press release
  9. Daniel Lewis (October 29, 2014). "Galway Kinnell, Poet Who Went His Own Way, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Modern Poets
  11. Poetry Archive
  12. "National Book Awards – 2000". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.

Further reading

  • Conesa-Sevilla, J. (2008). Dreaming With Bear (Kinnell's Poem). Ecopsychology Symposium at the 25th Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Montreal, July 11.

External links