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Gandamak is a village of Afghanistan located between Kabul and Peshawar, 35 miles (56 km) from Jalalabad on the old road to Kabul.


On the retreat from Kabul of General Elphinstone's army in 1842, a hill near Gandamak was the scene of the Battle of Gandamak, during which the last survivors of the force—twenty officers and forty-five British soldiers of the 44th East Essex Regiment—were massacred leaving only one survivor. Gandamak is also notable for the Treaty of Gandamak, which was signed here on May 26, 1879, between the British government and His Highness Muhammad Yakub Khan, Amir of Afghanistan and its dependencies.



  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  •  Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). [ "Gandamak" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F. Collier & Son Company.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • See [1] for photographs of modern Gandamak village and battlefield

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